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^^ Z 9? /036'G I— 

■ I II 

The Lati Rkv. Wm. P. Jacobs. D. D.. LL. D. 

The Story of 

Thornwell Orphanage 

Clinton, South Carohna 


Rev. L. Ross Lynn, D. D., President 

Prepared by request of 
The Board of Trustees 

Published for the Orphanage 


Presbyterian Committee of Pubucation 

richmond, va. 


to the 

Old Boys and Girls who 
have been in the home. 


Printed in the United States of America 
By Whittet 4 Shepperson, Richmond. Va. 

774— (1) 

^^2.7 3 


Chapter I Introduction 

Chapter II The Founder 

Chapter III The Beginnings 

Chapter IV God's Gift of Friends 

Chapter V Toward Sunset 

Chapter VI The Doctor's Ideals 

Chapter VII Selecting a Successor 

Chapter VIII Seven Years 

Chapter IX Changed Yet Unchanged 

Chapter X Living and Learning 

Chapter XI Known By Its Fruits 

Chapter XII Letters Back Home 

Appendix I Trustees 

Appendix II Pupils 



Rev. Wm. P. Jacobs, D.D., LL. D (Frontispiece) 

Front Campus View of Thornwell Orphan- 
age 8 

Ex.-Gov. Ansel 16 

Mercer S. Bailey 16 

Annie Agnevv Devlin 48 

Walter Entrekin 48 

Ella Entrekin Riddell 48 

JoH N Enoch Agnew 48 

Fannie Agnew Nance 48 

William P. Anderson 48 

Tom C. Scott 56 

Faith Cottage 56 

Home of Peace 56 

McCoRMicK Homes 64 

Mrs. Mary Lesh 72 

A Sample of Thornwell Children 72 

The Late Mrs. Gordon Lee 80 

T. M. Jones Museum 1 12 

Nellie Scott Library 1 12 

M. S. Bailey Laundry 112 

Florida Cottage 112 

McCall High School 112 

Childrens Gift Academy 112 

Rev. L. Ross Lynn. D. D 112 

Georgia Home 144 

The Tech 144 

President's Home 144 

Thornwell Memorial Church 144 

Turner Kitchen-Dining Hall 160 

Lesh Infirmary . 160 

Fairchild Cottage 176 

Illustrations — Continued 


F. Louise Mayes Cottage 176 

CoRNWELL Jennings 192 

Clark Jennings 192 

Darby Fulton, D. D 192 

Sam p. Fulton, D. D 192 

James B. Carpenter 192 

John W. Carpenter 192 

D. W. Brannan, D. D 193 

T. Ellyson Simpson, D. D 193 

Dawson Henry 193 

Clarence Piephoff 193 

Louis C. La Motte 193 

Jack H. Clark 193 

Arthur Taylor 193 

Miss Cassie Oliver 200 

Mrs. a. Patton Anglin 200 

Rev. Sam P. Fulton, D. D 200 

Bruno M. Schlotter 200 

Miss Carrie Kilgore 200 


The Thornwell Orphanage at Clinton, S. C, 
has been rendering its Christlike ministry to 
fatherless children for fifty years. The Semi- 
centennial is to be observed June 12-17, 1925. 

The Board of Trustees felt that the story of 
the founding of the Institution and its develop- 
ment should be put in permanent form and made 
accessible to the public. It is a record of what 
God hath wrought through the instrumentality 
chiefly of one man — Rev. Wm. P. Jacobs. He 
was the founder and President for forty-three 

The author was a trustee for eight years and 
has been President of the Orphanage seven. 
He makes no claims to literary skill, but in re- 
sponse to the request of the Board has ventured 
to tell the story. It is hoped there is thrill and 
romance enough in the simple facts to create 
an interest in the narrative. 

The Author. 

Chapter I. 


ON the highway between Columbia and 
Greenville, S. C, sixty-five miles from the 
former and forty-five from the latter, and at 
the junction of the main line of the Seaboard 
Air Line Railroad from Richmond to Atlanta 
and the Atlantic Coast Line from Charleston 
to Greenville, is to be found the beautiful little 
city of Clinton. 

It has deservedly come to be one of the best 
known towns in the state and is favorably 
known in many quarters beyond. It has a 
population of five thousand quiet, well ordered, 
cultured Christian people. With becoming 
pride a visitor might be shown its substantial 
business houses, its great industrial plants, its 
brick and stone churches, and its magnificent 
educational institutions. 

Entrance into the city from the east over 
Carolina Avenue soon brings one into clear 
view of a substantial and beautiful granite 


Thornwell Orphanage 

structure. Enquiry leads to the information 
that this is the house of worship of the First 
Presbyterian Church, which was organized in 
1855. It now has a membership of 400. This 
granite building, typical of the character of its 
membership, was erected and dedicated to the 
worship of God in 1902. 

Reaching the center of the town, a turn to 
the left brings one into South Broad Street. 
This street is paved with asphalt and is lined 
with stately water oaks and decorated with 
elegant homes. It is easily the most attractive 
street in the city. 

Making a distance of two blocks, attention is 
directed on the right to a line of coping of con- 
crete blocks which surrounds a grove of native 
hickory, oak, and pine. This is really in the 
heart of the city and yet it holds a village all its 
own. Seldom has the axe been laid at the roots 
of any of these trees. With arms outstretched 
toward heaven as if imploring a blessing at the 
hands of the Great Giver of all good, they 
would in turn pass these blessings down to the 
boys and girls, the patter of whose feet and 
whose merry laughter are heard beneath. These 



trees become instruments in the hands of the 
great Benefactor for adding contentment, peace 
and happiness to the throng of children and 
older people who dwell there. 

First, to the right, surrounded by stately 
hickory trees is a neat and inviting frame build- 
ing. This is recognized as a home and is oc- 
cupied by the President and his family. 

Some sixty feet beyond, but farther removed 
from the street line, stands a two-story building 
of concrete blocks. The following inscription 
is seen over the door: 'Thornwell Museum. 
Memorial T. M. Jones.*' Such names are 
observed cut in stone high up near the eaves 
on the outer walls as: Holmes, Elliott and 
Agassiz. On entering the building numerous 
cabinets are seen. They are filled with rare 
specimens, shells from the seashore, rocks from 
the mountain sides, ores from the bowels of the 
earth, reptiles from the waste places, antlers 
from the wild forests, animals from the far 
away jungles, birds of rare and beautiful plum- 
age, curios from the mission fields of non-Chris- 
tian lands, and many other interesting and in- 
structive things. And this is the museum. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Forty feet beyond is a rather small but well 
proportioned building of granite, also two 
stories. Above the arched door way is this 
inscription : 


May 28, 1891 

Founded by a 
Virginia Gentleman." 

"Wisdom is the principal thing, therefore get 

On stepping inside one finds a well lighted 
room which is furnished with chairs and tables. 
The walls are decorated with pictures of the 
two Thornwells, father and son, and Judge 
Phlegar. Upstairs, neat and well arranged 
shelves are filled with ten thousand carefully 
selected books. 

Then forty feet from the Library stands an 
imposing stone structure three stories high. It 
is surrounded on the four sides by a wide 
piazza. This is called the Home of Peace. It 
was the first building on the grounds and was 
opened for the reception of children in 1875. 



Thirty girls now find shelter, care and love in 
it. It is their home. 

Just across the driveway and a few feet to 
the rear is seen a massive structure fifty by one 
hundred and fifty feet. In its tower the big 
clock strikes the hours for the entire commun- 
ity. This two-story building looks as substan- 
tial as the granite that has gone into its walls. 
This Turner Kitchen-Dining hall, named in 
honor of Mrs. Sarah Turner, was completed 
and furnished in October, 1919, at a cost of 
approximately $50,000.00. 

Back to a line with the Home of Peace and 
a few yards from the Turner Building stands 
Faith Cottage. It was the second home on the 
grounds and was erected in 1880. With little 
funds it was started on faith, built week by 
week on faith and by faith twenty girls in it 
are provided for and taught. 

Some hundred and twenty feet beyond and 
quite near the street line stands the largest and 
most imposing church edifice in the city. It is 
constructed of clean bluish-grey granite which 
was furnished by Dr. R. N. Long, of Elberton, 
Georgia. To it the tribes of children go up 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Sabbath after Sabbath. The Corner Stone of 
the Spiritual temple is the Rock of Ages. 

Rather to the rear and only a few feet from 
the church stands an unusual type of building. 
It is constructed of flint rock and faced with 
brick, being very attractive. This is the first of 
the McCormick buildings and provides a home 
for twenty boys. 

The next of the front line is the McCall 
School building, three stories high, constructed 
of brick and stucco and faced with stone. The 
roof is red Spanish tile. 

The last of the line of buildings on the front 
is the F. Louise Mayes Memorial Cottage, 
erected in 1924-1925 for the care of children 
under school age. This building is of granite, 
covered with slate and modern in every par- 

The other buildings, located at suitable inter- 
vals on this thickly wooded campus, are Harriet, 
Edith, Virginia, Anita, Fairchild, Silliman, 
Fowler, Florida, Augustine, Hollingsworth, 
Georgia and Gordon homes for the children; 
Lesh Infirmary, Mary Jacobs School, Chil- 
drens* Gift Academy, The Tech, the M. S. 



Bailey Laundry, Sherrard Cottage, which is the 
home of the Treasurer and Assistant to Presi- 
dent, and the Manson Cottage in which the 
school superintendent lives. 

A contractor could hardly be secured to re- 
place these buildings for $500,000.00. 

The place seems a veritable bee hive of energy 
and industry. Three hundred and seventy-five 
bright and happy children are seen passing to 
and fro. Alert, earnest, cultured Christian men 
and women are in charge. 

The stranger eagerly wishes to know what 
all this is. Well, it is Thornwell Orphanage. 

Just as the limits of the Orphanage Campus 
are passed on the right, diagonally across the 
street on the left, begins another campus. It 
is coming to be one of the most attractive college 
plants in this section of the country. The eye 
of any passerby would be caught by the pros- 
pect. This institution has assets amounting ap- 
proximately to $1,000,000.00. It is giving a 
Christian education to two hundred and fifty 
young men annually. 

And this is the Presbyterian College owned 
and controlled by the Synod of South Carolina. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

The Presbyterian Church, The Thornwell 
Orphanage, The Presbyterian College once 
were not, but now are. They hold an important 
place in the Hfe of the community, the state, 
and the church. Whence came they? 

Since all are related to the Presbyterian 
Church and have to do with the fulfillment of 
Christ's mission to men, we reckon they must 
have had a common origin. They came out of 
the mind and heart of God. They were de- 
veloped by a most signal Providence. But 
Providence usually works through some chosen 
instrument, one willing to be used. That chosen 
instrument, who was so largely used here, was 
the man who was pastor of the First Presby- 
terian Church for forty-seven years and eight 
months, who was founder of the Presbyterian 
College and president of its board for many 
years ; and who established Thornwell Orphan- 
age and was its President and directing head 
for forty-three years and who wrote in his will : 
**I have lived for three great institutions: the 
First Presbyterian Church, the Presbyterian 
College, and the Thornwell Orphanage." — The 
Rev. William Plumer Jacobs. 


I*'x.-G()V. Anshl. Chairman of Board 
Mkrcf.r S. Bailev. Fifty Years a Trustee 


Men of this generation knew him as Dr. 
Jacobs. He was called Dr. for he was both 
D. D. and LL. D. 


Chapter II. 


the Rev. Ferdinand and Mary Eliza- 
beth Redbrook Jacobs, was born in York Coun- 
ty, March IS, 1842. The father was founder 
of the Yorkville Presbyterian Church and 
taught a girls' school. His mother's father and 
mother were both teachers. Mary Elizabeth 
w^as left an orphan and was adopted by Dr. W. 
S. Plumer. This has been given as one of the 
inspirations to Dr. Jacobs for founding the 
Orphanage. Heredity and environment united 
to make a man whose life would be unusual 
and whose influence as great as it came to be, 
had hardly begun when he passed from the 
scenes of his earthly endeavors. "He joined the 
choir invisible of those immortal dead who live 
again in lives made better by their presence." 

His father was a minister of the gospel in 
the Presbyterian Church, but devoted much of 
his time and effort to educational work. He 


The Founder 

conducted schools for girls in Charleston, S. 
C. ; Fairvievv, Ala. ; and Laurensville, S. C. 

William seems to have inherited a refinement 
of nature, a spirit of perseverance, and a serious 

The mother of William died when he was but 
a lad. A step mother entered the home when 
he was sixteen. He used the tenderest and 
most appreciative terms as he wrote of her. 
Her influence over the boy must have been very 
strong and for the best. 

The environment in the midst of which this 
boy stood and grew up was that of a cultured, 
refined minister's home. He was surrounded 
by books, breathed an educational atmosphere, 
imbibed the spirit of "elegant and classical 
Charleston with its high thought and heroic 

The parks, the sea, the museum, the college, 
the library, the Orphan House, all had a part 
in furnishing the background of his life. 

The thoughts which germinated in the lad's 
mind blossomed and fruited in after life as may 
be seen by a tour of inspection of the College 


Thornwell Orphanage 

and Orphanage at Clinton, with their ideals and 
standards, with their libraries and museums. 

Before entering College young Jacobs at- 
tended a boarding school at Kingston, Ga., 
over which the cultured and scholarly Dr. 
Francis R. Goulding, author of Young Maroon- 
ers, presided. It is a matter of more than 
passing interest that grand-children of this 
preceptor later had a place in the Orphanage. 

At the age of sixteen William entered 
Charleston College. He gave himself seriously 
and diligently to his studies. He preferred his 
books and hard work to the levity and frivolity 
of the less serious-minded students. 

The College library, with its splendid array 
of books, made a very strong appeal to this 
young student. He found great delight in the 
museum. The collection of birds was of especial 
interest to him. 

With the passing of the years he is found 
building up a fine library and a splendid mu- 
seum at Thornwell Orphanage. One whose 
official duties took him into many such institu- 
tions said he had not found in this entire section 


The Founder 

of the country such a library or such a museum 
in an Orphanage. 

In addition to his regular College course he 
became a diligent student of shorthand. The 
knowledge thus gained was of real practical 
help to him later as he engaged in the work of 
reporting for the religious and secular press. 

Many of the young people of his day were 
given over to dancing, but this young man re- 
frained from it and expressed the wish that 
nobody had ever heard of dancing. 

His definite decision for Christ was made 
when he was sixteen years old. It was made 
after deliberate and serious consideration. He 
wrote thus of this solemn transaction of uniting 
with the church : **0h, let me always remember 
this night, February 8, 1858. Tonight I ap- 
plied for admission to the church and was re- 
ceived as a member. Thank God, I am enabled 
to receive him to my heart. Oh, that Pressly 
would find the way that I have. Father joined 
just at my age." 

The new birth meant to him a thought of 
others and moved him to a readiness to serve 
others. From that day forth there was a 


Thornwell Orphanage 

clarifying of that conception and the intensify- 
ing of the conviction that the only life worth 
living, the only life worthy the Child of God, 
was the life of unselfish service for others. He 
early gained the viewpoint of the Master 
Teacher, ''I am among you as one that serveth." 
Like most young men of parts, ambitions 
stirred in his breast. There was the thought 
of great things in his career. The vital ques- 
tion was: For whom should these great things 
be sought? For self or for others? Before he 
was out of his teens William P. Jacobs reached 
the great decision. He sacrificed self and chose 
God. For the one who thus decided it meant 
the gospel ministry as a life work. The far 
away mission fields of earth presented them- 
selves as the place where he could most com- 
pletely lose himself for the Master and seek 
great things for Him. Time and an overruling 
Providence altered this resolution. But under 
God, through the instrumentality of the one 
thus surrendered, not one life but five lives have 
been given to the foreign mission service. His 
orphan children speak for him and his Lord 
in China, Japan, Africa and Brazil. 


The Founder 

These were not dull nor uninteresting times 
through which the young College Student was 
passing. The war clouds were gathering fast 
and thick. The smouldering volcano was about 
to send forth fire and smoke and death. The 
most prophetic of her sons could not foresee the 
havoc that would be wrought nor the desolation 
through which the state and the entire south 
would have to pass as a result of the Civil War. 
None knew the baptism wherewith they were to 
be baptised. 

A keen college student would not be asleep to 
such conditions. He would share the common 
interest and be a partaker of the common ex- 
citement. When a Junior in college and only 
eighteen years old he was called to Columbia to 
report the doings of the South Carolina Senate 
for the ''Carolinian." He was paid $50.00 for 
three weeks work. This service at the Senate 
gave him a closer view of the public men and a 
clearer insight into public questions. 

The summer of 1860 was spent on what he 
was pleased to call ''Beloved Edisto." Friend- 
ships were formed there which lasted through 
life. These were an attachment not only for 


Thornwell Orphanage 

William P. Jacobs but for his Orphanage. In 
November, 1922, Mr. Townsend Mikel, a friend 
or the early days, wrote to the Orphanage : "We 
have little money on the Island, but the chil- 
dren must be provided for. Inclosed you will 
find a hundred dollar Liberty Bond." 

During the summer of 1860 the father de- 
cided to move to Alabama. William was greatly 
saddened by this and felt he would be left with- 
out a home. He wrote: ''I must board as a 
stranger in an old familiar place." 'Tather 
goes to Fairview, Ala., today ; parting, oh, part- 
ing is pain. God bless thee, my father. Thou 
hast always loved and aided me." 

This made the young man feel that he wanted 
to make provision for himself and not be longer 
dependent upon his father. He prays: "Oh 
God, give me something to do. Show me where 
I can find work. Answer me for Jesus* sake." 
His faith was put to the test as faith is so often 
tested and then the answer came. He received 
a telegram asking him to go to Columbia on 
November 29th, to report the Legislature. 
Because of an epidemic of smallpox the Legisla- 
ture was transferred to Charleston. It was in 


The Founder 

that city that the Ordinance of Secession was 
passed on December 20th. 

The men who took that action beHeved they 
were acting within their constitutional rights, 
as indeed was the case. 

The enthusiasm and wild excitement which 
prevailed was fully shared by the young re- 
porter. A few months later, on March, 1861, 
William P. Jacobs graduated from Charleston 

The summer which followed was spent at his 
father's home in Alabama. The time was not 
passed in idleness. He gave himself to reading 
and study that added to his general culture and 
better fitted him for his work in the Theological 
studies in Columbia in the fall. 

His father accepted the presidency of the 
Laurensville Female Seminary, and in Septem- 
ber moved to that place, now called Laurens, 
S. C. This was one of the Providences which 
led to the future location of the prospective 
theological student in the county where his great 
life work was done. 

The opening of the Seminary in Columbia 
found him there with determination and ser- 


Thornwell Orphanage 

iousness of purpose to begin his special prepara- 
tion for life. The boy of nineteen sits at the 
feet of some of the great minds and spirits of 
the church, Howe, Leland, Woodrow, Adger, 
Cohen, Thornwell. His fellow students were 
men who, like himself, afterward did a large 
service for the Master. 

He respected and admired all his professors, 
but Dr. Thornwell made the most profound and 
lasting impression upon him and gave to him 
the stronger upward urge. Desiring to do 
honor to the memory of his great and greatly 
beloved teacher, when he came to name his 
Orphanage, he called it Thornwell Orphanage. 
So it has come to pass that this Institution, the 
child of Jacobs*s brain and heart, is that by 
which the name of the illustrious Thornwell 
will be known to many. 

Dr. Adger called upon the young Seminary 
student to report the proceedings of the General 
Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the 
United States which met in Augusta, Ga., De- 
cember 3, 1861. This was the organization of 
the ''Southern Presbyterian Church.*' Great 
leaders were there and they were looking to and 


The Founder 

announcing the foundations upon which the 
church of Christ rests. The time had come 
when men who had convictions had to express 
and defend them. The nineteen-year-old Sem- 
inary student had the rare privilege of feeling 
the heart throbs of this church in the very day 
of its birth. The reasons for the establishment 
of this new branch of the Church of Christ were 
given in the declaration and testimony of which 
Dr. Thornwell was author. Young Jacobs 
wrote: **Dr. Thornwell is broad, deep and 

The close of the year 1861 found this young 
man reviewing and reciting the experiences 
which had come to him during the year. It 
was the most interesting and best year he had 
experienced. He rejoiced most of all that he 
had actually begun his life work preparation. 
During the year he had been received as a can- 
didate for the ministry and had preached his 
first sermon. His experience in his first eflfort 
at preaching was not unlike that of many other 
timid young men. He confessed that it was 
quite a trial. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

After the first year in the Seminary, through 
the influence of his father, he went to preach 
in Bethany Church which is located about ten 
and one-half miles in the country from Laurens. 
He rode a borrowed horse and traveled an un- 
known way, unknown in more senses than one. 
After enquiring the way, he finally reached the 
church. Concerning this his second sermon he 
wrote: "I must confess I trembled a little as I 
ascended the pulpit stairs and that on several 
occasions my wits forsook me and fled. Once 
or twice I felt my courage oozing out of the 
tips of my fingers." He closed his diary entry: 
"May God give me Grace to preach with power 
and the spirit." 

This Bethany service was another link in the 
chain of Providence that bound him to his life 
service in Laurens County. He accepted an 
invitation from Rev. Zelotes Holmes to preach 
in Clinton on July 13, 1862. This was the open- 
ing of the door to a half century of service in 
Clinton, upon which service rested the blessing 
of Almighty God and from which the worker 
himself drew great joy. Of that first sermon 


The Founder 

in Clinton he wrote: "I lost sight of self and 
caught sight of Christ." 

War conditions were pressing. The demands 
for men in the army were becoming more 
urgent. Nearly all his Seminary mates went to 
the front. He faced the prospects of going 
back under these conditions, with great sadness, 
which had doubtless been greatly intensitied by 
the news of the death of Dr. Thornwell in 
Charlotte in August, 1862. 

Now that he was gone his pupil cherished as 
a precious heritage the Doctor's last words to 
him : '*Good-by, Brother Jacobs, may God bless 
and take care of you." 'T will prize these 
words as the blessing of the greatest man that 
I have ever known." He said, '*A more talented 
and yet a more humble man I never heard of." 

On March 15, 1863, our subject reached his 
twenty-first birthday. The entry in his diary 
reveals what manner of young man he was and 
prophesies what kind of an older man he would 
become. *'I will call nothing mine but God's, 
no man master but God, no place home but 
Heaven. Oh God, it is indeed a solemn thing 
to take up the duties of Hfe! Grant, great God, 


Thornwell Orphanage 

that this worm that pleads with Thee may be- 
come great in Thee. Let me know Thee and 
Thee only. Let me not have a single thought 
that is not in accord with Thy will. Open Thy 
word to my mind and heart. Let King Jesus 
rule within me." 

The spring of 1864 found him completing 
his course of study in the Theological Seminary. 
On May 27, he was ordained to the gospel 
ministry and began his pastorate in Clinton, 
serving also Shady Grove and Duncan's Creek. 
The Clinton Church had forty-seven names on 
its roll, but on account of the war the church 
and entire community were in a very disordered 
condition. 'The town had a very unsavory 
name abroad. Liquor asserted its right to rule. 
Human life was not accounted of high value/' 
The new pastor shared the privations and hard- 
ships of his people. He won their love and 
gained their support in his efforts at soul-saving 
and community reforms. 

The boy-preacher of twenty-two felt his in- 
sufficiency for the responsibilities of the past- 
orate. In addition to Divine aid he craved 
human assistance and sympathy. He wooed and 


The Founder 

won Miss Mary Jane Dillard, daughter of Elder 
Dr. J. H. Dillard, of the Bethany congregation 
where his second sermon had been preached. 
At this time he had the pastoral oversight of 
this church. Of the object of his affections he 
writes: "My thoughts are all of Mary. No 
earthly object shall be superior, or is now, in 
my affection to her. It may be that God shall 
allot to us a life of suffering and pain. If her's 
be the lot to suffer, God give me power to be 
kind to her, sympathizing and affectionate. If 
mine, I know the tenderest care will be bestowed 
on me." 

On April 20, 1865, these two were united in 
holy wedlock. The blight of war was upon the 
land. Many homes had been broken up. Nor 
were the tribulations already passed. Those 
awful, awful days of reconstruction were im- 
mediately ahead. But in the midst of these 
broken homes, a new home was established. 
The newly constituted head of that house wrote : 
**I will try in every way to make my family a 
model for Christianity, morality, punctuality, 
industry. Mary is of the same opinion and, of 
course, it depends only on us whether it shall 


Thornwell Orphanage 

be so or not. She is a jewel of a wife. I sit 
here and look at her sweet face and industrious 
fingers and thank God for such a treasure. The 
blessing of Heaven rest on thee, Mary." 

In 1866 a Httle paper called the "True Wit- 
ness'^ was established. This was succeeded by 
the "Farm and Garden/^ and this in turn by 
"Our Monthly/' which exists till the present 
day and carries the message of the fatherless 
children to four thousand homes each month 
The printed page was a powerful ally to this 
preacher in furthering his plans and carrying 
out his most worthy purpose. His great life 
work could not have been accomplished without 

His work in the pastorate, though at times 
very discouraging, prospered. It was but a 
short time until he felt it necessary to concen- 
trate his efforts on his work in Clinton. He 
had the opportunity to enter other fields but felt 
that God could do a great work through a small 
church and he was willing and anxious that He 
should do it. 

Before the close of the first ten years of his 
ministry he felt a great burden resting on his 


The Founder 

heart and a great vision appeared to him. It 
was the burden of needy fatherless children. It 
was a vision of a home, a Christian home where 
large numbers of orphans might be provided 
for. After a time others caught his vision and 
began to share his burden. So it came to pass 
on October 1, 1875, Thornvvell Orphanage was 
opened for the reception of children and eight 
entered the home. 

As we think of the fifty years of its history 
and consider its present splendid proportions we 
exclaim: ''Behold what God hath wrought!" 
But this man of dreams had another dream. 
He dreamed of a school, a college, that would 
minister to the educational needs of the Presby- 
terians and train up leaders for the church. 
And, lo, this dream became a reality. Through 
many trials and vicissitudes the Presbyterian 
College has passed, but the Institution stands 
today the pride and glory of the Synod of South 
Carolina. It is one of the most valuable assets 
of the church. As time has passed other men 
have made large contributions to the develop- 
ment of the college but when the story is finally 
told it will be related that the man who first 


Thornwell Orphanage 

caught the vision and set the work going was 
Rev. William P. Jacobs. 

To the joys and responsibilities of a growing 
church, an enlarging orphanage and a college, 
were added the joys and responsibilities of a 
growing family. There came to gladden and 
bless their home five children: Florence Lee, 
now Mrs. W. J. Bailey ; James Ferdinand, now 
Rev. J. F. Jacobs, William States, now Rev. W. 
States Jacobs, D. D. ; John Dillard, now J. D. 
Jacobs, M. D., and Thornwell, now Rev. Thorn- 
well Jacobs, LL. D. 

Before the Church or the world realized what 
Dr. Jacobs had done and was doing, and before 
they were ready to make acknowledgment and 
bestow the honors which were due and which 
came later; before the church's affections were 
lavished upon him, the companion of his life 
was taken from him. What a joy it would have 
been if she could have seen and shared the honor 
and love which later came to her husband. But 
providence had ordered it otherwise. She was 
called to her Heavenly Home. He was broken 
hearted and lonely. Added to the responsibility 
for his own children was the responsibility for 


The Founder 

the orphans. Mrs. Jacobs was matron and 
mother to them. Bowed down with grief but 
sanctified in the furnace of afflictions, he moved 
on in his work with enlarging plans and in- 
creasing efficiency. 

For forty-seven years and eight months he 
was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church. 
He had seen it grow from forty-seven members 
to three hundred. He left this congregation 
with a magnificent granite house of worship. 
His seasons of greatest joy during all these 
years were when there were times of refreshing 
from the Lord, when souls were born into the 
kingdom. How earnestly he prayed for such 

At the time of his resignation as pastor of the 
First Church he had been president of the Or- 
phanage for thirty-six years. It had grown 
from one home with eight children to fourteen 
homes with three hundred children. His phy- 
sical infirmities made it imperative that he 
should give up the pastorate, as much as the 
people loved him, and give his entire time and 
strength to the Orphanage. The Thornwell 
Memorial Church was organized, very largely 


Thornwell Orphanage 

of the Orphanage workers and children, and 
Dr. Jacobs was installed pastor of it and min- 
istered to it until his death. 

As the story of the Orphanage unfolds much 
additional information concerning this good 
and great man must of necessity be given. But 
let us analyze the character of the man. He 
was small of stature, never robust or rugged, 
always frail. His eyes were weak, often giving 
him trouble and causing him anxiety. His 
hearing became impaired and in his later life 
he was very deaf. He was so deaf he could not 
hear, so blind he could not see, so feeble he had 
to be supported as he walked. This was the 
last few years of his life. Notwithstanding all 
he was not only President but the directing head 
of the Orphanage. 

While it was necessary for him ever to ex- 
ercise care concerning his health he possessed 
marvelous energy and did an enormous amount 
of work as must be seen from the fact that he 
was pastor of a large church, president of a 
great orphanage and gave time and thought to 
the college. He did the work in all of them 
better than many men would have done in one. 


The Founder 

He was thoroughly systematic. He was care- 
ful of his time. Many people waste enough 
time in which a worth while life work might 
be done. After the larger development of the 
Orphanage he gave his mornings to that work, 
but no matron or teacher could expect to see him 
at other times about the work. 

In his work of promoting the Orphanage he 
used, from the human side, the psychology of 
suggestion. He would drop a hint. He would 
relate a story. He would tell how some other 
need had been met. He would suggest a need. 
He would call upon God in prayer and await 
the answer. How often, very often the answer 
came. He was a firm believer in God's direct 
relation to the individual life. He believed that 
God deals directly with men. As Abraham, 
Joseph and Paul lived their lives in the light of 
that fact so did William P. Jacobs. Growing 
out of this conviction and after seeking God's 
way in prayer he was firm in his determinations. 

There is no need to mention the great fact 
of his life, that he was interested in and loved 
children. He said if ever a monument should 
be erected to his memory he wanted but two 


Thornwell Orphanage 

words on it, "The Child." He was a pioneer. 
He thought in advance of his years. He lived 
ahead of his times. 

One of the items in the Progressive Program 
of the church in the recent years has been : "A 
church paper in every home.'' Dr. Jacobs tried 
to accomplish that fifty years ago and he 
recorded the numbers of families who were tak- 
ing the church paper. 

In recent years the General Assembly estab- 
lished the Mission Training School. Dr. 
Jacobs conducted mission training classes as far 
back as the nineties. Today several who studied 
in those classes are giving the gospel message 
in foreign lands. 

The whole church measurably appreciates 
the value of childhood and feels its respon- 
sibility for the needy fatherless children. Al- 
most every Synod has its Orphanage. It took 
Dr. Jacobs to lead the way, quicken the con- 
science of the church in this matter and set a 
standard not hitherto dreamed of. 

His training was received under men who be- 
lieved and taught that it was not the function of 
the church to engage in the work of education. 


The Founder 

That view was held by Dr. Thornwell and 
others. Yet, Dr. Jacobs swung away from that 
conception and was instrumental in founding a 
great church college. 

The outstanding characteristic of the man 
was his belief in prayer. Thornwell Orphan- 
age in its great history and present splendid 
proportions is a monument to Dr. Jacobs belief 
in and practice of prayer. Its record is a record 
of answered prayer. Muller told no one but 
God. Dr. Jacobs wrote of and told his needs 
to men, but that did not lessen his earnestness 
in telling God. He looked to Him to move the 
hearts of men. One illustration must suffice. 
On Monday the impression came to a merchant 
one hundred and fifty miles from Clinton: **I 
should give ten per cent of next Saturday's 
sales to Thornwell Orphanage." It was brushed 
aside. On Tuesday the same impression came 
again. There was a thought of sending some 
old but useful stock from the store. On Wed- 
nesday the impression came with stronger force 
than ever. The man said to himself: "I will do 
it." It was not mentioned to any of his asso- 
ciates. Saturday gave the biggest trade ever 


Thornwell Orphanage 

had. Three hundred and ten dollars were sent 

to Dr. Jacobs. On acknowledging receipt of 
this amount, he said he had been praying for 

three hundred dollars for a special object. 


Chapter III. 


A YOUNG Presbyterian preacher, a ten- 
year-old boy, and God co-operate in 
founding an orphanage. When we know the 
temper of the preacher and the spirit of the 
child and realize that the two were in harmony 
with the will of God, there need be no surprise 
at what actually happened in the course of the 

In the bare record of the life of Rev. William 
P. Jacobs, we found him as a boy in his teens 
living in the city of Charleston. One of the 
institutions for which that city has long been 
noted is 'The Charleston Orphan House." 
Young Jacobs had occasion to pass the place 
frequently. It made a deep impression upon 
his youthful mind, doubtless much deeper and 
more lasting than he himself realized. The 
present day psychologist would no doubt assert 
that his sub-conscious mind took hold of that 
which was presented. In that realm the im- 
pressions were nursed and nourished until at 


Thornwell Orphanage 

length they exerted a powerful influence on his 
conscious thought and found expression in 
words and deeds. Whencesoever it came, a 
deep conviction entered the soul of this young 
man that he must establish a home for the pro- 
tection, care, and religious training of needy 
fatherless children. Upon him this rested as a 
sacred burden. He felt impelled to speak of 
that which was upon his heart whenever he 
could find an interested listener. The ear of 
the widow would always be attentive to such 
message. Her heart would be touched. One 
day the young preacher was in the home of 
Mrs. Sarah (Blakely) Anderson, a widow, of 
the Friendship congregation in the western part 
of Laurens county. He talked of his wish and 
purpose to start the orphanage. Little Willie 
Anderson, a fatherless boy, listened in rapt at- 
tention. After a bit he slipped out of the room, 
but was soon back standing by the knee of the 
speaker. His little hand was clinched tightly 
as if he had something very precious in it. 
"What is it?'' asked the speaker. The little 
hand was opened and there lay a bright silver 
half dollar. The child said: "Take this and 


The Beginnings 

build the home for the orphans." That was 
back in the early seventies, 1871. In June, 
1922, a man who had been elected a member of 
the Board of Trustees of Thornwell Orphanage 
appeared and was enrolled. The chairman of 
the Board, ex. -Gov. M. F. Ansel, introduced 
this man, Mr. William P. Anderson, to the 
members present. Mr. Anderson was requested 
to tell the story of his having given that first 
fifty cents to the orphanage. This he did giving 
the facts as above stated, with the addition that 
it was made pulling fodder. It was his all, 
given out of a generous heart which had been 
touched by the appeal. 

The Orphanage was built, its present material 
equipment and endowment are worth three- 
quarters of a million dollars. Only eternity can 
reveal, when the great book is opened, what has 
been its value in saved and redeemed lives. 
This first gift of the boy reminds one of the 
loaves and fishes given by the lad to the Master, 
which, under his divine touch, were multiplied 
to feed the five thousand. 

The question of the actual establishment of 
the Orphanage was brought before the session 


Thornwell Orphanage 

of the Clinton Presbyterian Church. At a meet- 
ing on September 1st, 1872, the pastor was 
requested to draft a plan which should be pre- 
sented at the next meeting. This report was 
made on October 10, 1872. After being fully 
discussed it was adopted. Let us give Dr. 
Jacobs own statement of the beginnings: 
''Until the 8th of January, 1873, all the work of 
organization was carried out by the session of 
the Clinton Church, but it was deemed best that 
another organization should take its place. On 
January 8th, the Board of Visitors of Thorn- 
well Orphanage was officially organized and 
held its first meeting.'* He continues: ''My 
thoughts go up with sweet gratitude to God for 
the noble band of workers who on that day put 
their hands to the wheel. Foremost among 
them was the enthusiastic Bell, now we trust 
among the glorified saints of God. There were 
the Holmeses, father and son. The older was the 
founder of the Clinton Church. The younger 
was the first principal of our newly organized 
High School. There were with us also the 
energetic Phinney, the sagacious Boozer, the 
quiet, but faithful Bailey, the God-fearing 


The Beginnings 

Copeland, the three Youngs, not of one blood 
according to the flesh, but one in faith and hope 
and good works. McClintock and Foster, earn- 
est and beloved and now glorified, the aged 
Green, the thoughtful West, there was Blakely, 
the beloved. Alas, the grave has closed over 

him. His Sun set at mid-day. There was 
Copeland, the younger, wise in council; Bailey 

and McCrary, on whom the mantle of our 

sainted treasurer fell. And after these came to 

us Lee, the learned, and Owings the true and 

tried, and Watts, who now leads the orphan 

lads to weedy battles. Faithful co-laborers! 

Who could not accomplish projects for the 

Master with such as you to help? Month by 

month, through all these years you met and 

worked and prayed. Rain did not hinder you. 

You came when sick and tired and busy. You 

asked no glory, no reward, but only to stand 

by your pastor, as one man, and like Hur and 

Aaron of old ,to hold up his hands when he was 

ready to faint. 

"I remember as though it were but yesterday 

the assembly of this band of workers in my 

parlor. The plan was presented. The time 

came to vote upon it. It was a solemn moment. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

I told the brethren that if they voted aye, it 
meant that I and they must cast in our lot 
together for life, that we were the least among 
the thousands of Israel, that neither pastor nor 
people were known to the church, that our poor 
little congregation was struggling for very life, 
having just called a pastor for all his time, and 
that we must look forward to years of unre- 
mitting toil. There was this to encourage — the 
cause was one on which we could ask God's 
blessing, and assuredly if we should ask we 
should receive. The vote was taken. Each one 
present answered, "aye.'' And our dear Brother 
Bell said : 'Now, Brethren, forward.' " 

On October 21st, 1872, the session deter- 
mined to undertake the work. The following 
record was made : "Whereas, we believe there 
is no more sacred and pleasing duty than that 
of taking care of God's orphan children and 
that this cause commends itself to every Chris- 
tian denomination. Resolved, That we deter- 
mine to establish a home for fatherless little 
ones on the following plan: to be located in 
Clinton, it shall be under the auspices of the 
Presbyterian denomination, its doors shall be 


The Beginnings 

open to all orphans without respect to the re- 
ligious opinions of the parents; that the titles 
to the property shall for the present be vested 
in the trustees of the Clinton Presbyterian 
Church, until such time as the Synod of South 
Carolina shall see fit to appoint other trustees. 
The institution shall be conducted on the family 
principle, a part of the day shall be spent in 
study and a part in labor. This institution shall 
be known as Thornwell Orphanage in honor of 
that illustrious servant of God, James Henley 
Thornwell, D. D. In order that the institution 
shall be under Presbyterian auspices, the ap- 
pointment of the officers shall be placed in the 
hands of the Synod of South Carolina, or, if 
declined by them, in the hands of the Presbytery 
of South Carolina, or if declined by them in the 
hands of the Clinton Presbyterian Church. 

The following officers were elected pro tem: 
Rev. William P. Jacobs, President; William B. 
Bell, Treasurer; R. S. Phinney, General Agent; 
Rev. William P. Jacobs, S. L. West and J. J. 
Boozer, Corresponding Secretaries. 

An Executive Committee of fifteen composed 
as follows: Rev. William P. Jacobs, Dr. J. J. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Boozer, S. L. West, R. McClintock, R. S. 
Phinney, E. T. Copeland, William R. Bell, R. 
N. S. Young, N. A. Green, M. S. Bailey, R. R. 
Blakely, G. C. Young, G. P. Copeland, J. T. 
Craig, and C. E. Franklin. 

The leader in this movement spoke as fol- 
lows "Brethren such an undertaking will result 
in good and only good to our church. We will 
be among those who will receive the special 
blessing of the God of the fatherless and with 
what joy our hearts will thrill at that great day 
as we hear our Lord say: ^'Inasmuch as ye 
have done it unto one of these little ones, ye 
have done it unto me." A constitution was 
adopted December 1st, 1872. 

The first gift by mail was from Mr. James 
McElroy, of Charleston. The first public ad- 
dress for the Orphanage was made in Columbia 
at the session of Synod. The young preacher 
made an earnest plea for the establishment of 
the Orphanage. Some one said: 'That is a 
splendid ideal and an attractive vision, but 
where are you going to get the money.** Mr. 
Jacobs ran his hand in his pocket and held up 
the fifty cents Willie Anderson had given him 





Of First Eight Children, Above Five Living 

Little Willie Anderson 
WHO (;avk mkst ifity cents 
TO THE Orphanage 

The Beginning's 

and said here is the money. The story of this 
fifty cents was told and Dr. John B. Adger said 
he would give five dollars for it. This was done 
and then Mr. Jacobs had Dr. Adger to give the 
half dollar back to him. 

The Synod took the following action : **Re- 
solved, That the Synod of South Carolina 
heartily approves of the proposition to establish 
Thornwell Orphanage under the care of the 
Presbyterians of the state and commends it to 
the Christian liberality of our people.'* 

So it passed beyond a mere local enterprise. 
It is very interesting to find that among the 
first donors were the names of friends in New 
York, Maryland, Illinois, and the District of 
Columbia. Friendship congregation, to which 
little Willie Anderson belonged, was the first to 
take up a collection for the Orphanage. The 
first month of 1873 greatly encouraged the pro- 
moter of the enterprise. Receipts footed up the 
splendid sum of $160.00. The whole of the 
first year was occupied in raising money with 
which to purchase a tract of land on which to 
build. The selection of the plot of ground was 
given careful consideration. Divine guidance 


Thornwell Orphanage 

seems to have been manifested in securing a 
large body of land — 125 acres. It was near the 
railway station and not far from the church. 
It lies within what is now the corporate limits 
of Clinton. In 1923, 221 acres adjoining were 
purchased of Mr. George W. Young. The 
price paid for the original tract was $1,500.00. 
By August receipts had swelled to $1,200.00. 
On August 8th, the gentleman from whom the 
purchase was to be made offered the deeds on 
condition that the whole amount be paid. He 
had hitherto agreed to wait for a part of the 
purchase price. The Board then borrowed the 
balance needed and offered this with a check on 
the Laurensville Saving Bank. The check was 
refused. The money was demanded. He de- 
clared that the trade would be called off unless 
closed that day. Vexed at what seemed mere 
trifling, there was nothing to do but ride nine 
miles to Laurensville and get the money from 
the bank. But what a signal providence. A 
few days later the bank failed. From this first 
evidence of God's special favor. He has repeat- 
edly manifested his peculiar care over the In- 


The Beginnings 

Dr. Jacobs wrote : *The year closed with the 
report from the Treasurer that he had received 
in the twelve months $1,360.00. A part of this 
had been received as a result of addresses de- 
Hvered at Friendship, Laurensville, Greenwood, 
Newberry, Shady Grove, Charleston, Rocky 
Springs and elsewhere, but the greater portion 
was the result of the warm hearted work of 
many who now enrolled themselves as co- 
workers with us. I read over the list of our 
earlier helpers amid thanksgiving and tears. I 
see loving hands that helped in the toiling now 
crossed forever upon the breast. But there are 
some who still abide. One young lady, Miss 
Lizzie Brearley, of Sumter, appears in the 
record of each year's work. Little by little, she 
has collected more than six hundred dollars. 
As yet we had lived by faith only. The time 
had now come to arise and build. Early in 
1874 a pair of oxen was purchased. Mr. G. C. 
Young's granite quarry, freely tendered, was a 
busy scene of blasting. In the first week of 
the new year, the first load of rock was de- 
livered. Having decided to build of granite, 
we were hard put to find workmen. Workmen 


Thornwell Orphanage 

in stone were not to be had. It was our heart's 
desire to build solidly, yet the prospect was 
against us. It was then that one of those 
singular coincidences occurred that compels us 
to believe that the Lord was caring for us. 
On the 28th of January there arrived a batch 
of forty-eight immigrants, the first that had 
come and the last. Among these two excellent 
stone masons were found. These two were to 
build the Orphanage and disappear as they had 
come, one to parts unknown and the other to the 
silent grave." 

Some thought this whole Orphanage business 
a foolhardy project. One said: "It will ruin 
you." The reply was: "It were well to be 
ruined working for God." The skeptic shrug- 
ged his shoulders and passed on. 

May 28, 1874, marked the tenth anniversary 
of Dr. Jacobs's ordination to the gospel min- 
istry. It seemed that time was passing very 
rapidly. This was selected as the day for the 
laying of the corner stone. With the passing 
of the years and the growth of the Orphanage 
this has come to be known as corner stone day. 

The day was lovely. A great crowd as- 


The Beginnings 

sembled at the Methodist Church. The proces- 
sion was joined by Sunday School children 
bearing banners. As they marched down main 
street the Masons fell in line. "The roads were 
filled with carriages, the side walks with peo- 
ple." It was the day for which Dr. Jacobs had 
been planning. The corner stone was laid at 
noon. Col. B. W. Ball, of Laurensville, pre- 
sided and made the address. A great feast 
was spread by the Ladies' Society of Earnest 
Workers. Best of all, six hundred dollars' came 
into the treasury. This day encouraged the 
worker to go forward. On leaving that after- 
noon Col. Ball gave a bill. Later he said: 'T 
did so to encourage you all, not that I thought 
the Orphanage would ever be built. The year 
1874 closed with receipts amounting to $1,- 
846.00. The Home of Peace had been brought 
to the level of the second floor. There were 
anxieties but no doubts of God on the part of 
the President. The only fear on the part of 
the worker was that he might not please God. 
It was hoped that the Orphanage might be 
opened January 1st, 1875, but the contractors — 
R. N. S. Young and W. B. Bell — were delayed. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

May 28th was then set as the date but there was 
a further delay. Home of Peace was actually 
opened for the reception of children on October 
1st, 1875. 

Having been unable to secure a matron, Mrs. 
Jacobs took the place. This single day increased 
her brood of children from five to thirteen. 
Miss Emma Witherspoon entered the Orphan- 
age as teacher. The following eight children 
gathered in the home the first day : Mattie 
Clark, Flora Pitts, Ella Entrekin, Fannie 
Agnew, Anna Agnew, Walter Entrekin, Alfred 
Agnew and Johnnie Agnew. (At this writing 
the following remain in the flesh) : Ella En- 
trekin, Fannie Agnew, Anna Agnew, Walter 
Entrekin and Johnnie Agnew. 

"Shall I ever forget that first day of October, 
1875? That day, the dream of five years and 
the toil of three, were to meet in a waking 

'There was another great gathering. From 
all about us, and from every house in Clinton, 
came donations for the orphans. Little children 
brought chickens and, eggs. One brought a 
coffee grinder, another a sieve. The older peo- 


The Beginnings 

pie brought barrels of flour, a great tub of lard, 
rolls of yellow butter, a hogshead of syrup, 
clothing, bed-quilts. I see now the beaming 
face of dear "Aunt Sake" (she was Aunt Sake 
to all of us — a very mother in Israel), as she 
busied herself in sorting the great pile of things 
and arranging them for the eye of a curious 
public. Blessed woman! you have passed be- 
yond the stars, and the heavens hold you, but 
earth still cherishes your precious memory. 
You were the Deborah and Dorcas of our 
Israel, and tears rained down, when the clods 
covered you." 

"But from afar came gifts also. How cosy 
our bright little school room looked, with its 
furniture from the pious women of the old 
Second Church of Charleston. There was an- 
other Charleston church (Glebe St.), that had 
fitted up a room for the first group of orphan 
girls. Laurens and Cross Hill had done their 
part. Clinton hands filled the kitchen and larder. 
Aveleigh spread the dining room table. It was 
our joy, too, to welcome Rev. James H. Thorn- 
well, on whom the mantle of his father's heart 


Thornwell Orphanage 

rested. My own dear father was there to give 
his paternal blessing/' 

'The day and the labors of preparation pros- 
trated me ; and I could take no part in the public 
ceremonies. But when night fell, there was a 
little gathering about my sick bed. Nearest sat 
the precious wife, whose love and wise thought- 
fulness had made me what I was that was 
worthy; my own little band of four gave way 
for the time, that a half timid circle of orphans 
might press about her. There was smiling Ella, 
with her round bright face ; Fannie and Mattie, 
our "elder sisters," sat next. Walter stood be- 
hind. Alfred was already tall, and his face 
showed the honor that was in him. There too 
was Johnnie, as full of fun as the days were 
long; Flora, bright, impulsive, earnest; and 
Annie, the sweet little pet of the household — 
these made up the happy group that formed that 
first night's opening audience. Lowry, the 
hopeful, earnest young Christian, who presided 
over our High School (he is a Pastor now), 
and Miss Emma, whom the children loved from 
that very night as teacher seldom is loved, — 


Tom C. Scott 

Faith Cottage, Erected 18S0 
Home of Peace, Opened October 1, 1875 

The Beginnings 

these all knelt together, as I, prostrate in bed, 
bound them together with cords of faith." 

'They have all gone out from the home nest, 
but there is not one of the little company that 
has not been true to God and duty. Married 
people are they. Three of that group are wait- 
ing for us in heaven." 

**We began this work all so new, with heavy 
pressure on us of a debt of $2,000, which all 
our money receipts were pledged to satisfy ; the 
building itself was unfinished and in the woods. 
But the Lord had touched our hearts and made 
us willing to bear and to work. Every shoulder 
was put to the wheel. The little ones that were 
with us caught at once the spirit of the enter- 
prise. They were to be color-bearers." 

A unique character comes upon the scene in 
December, 1875. From that time till February, 
1918, his whole life was given to the Orphanage 
and its interests. For a number of years he 
labored without salary. He made his living by 
carrying on some little side line business. 

He was born in London and was a painter 
by trade. At Thornwell, he developed into a 
builder. Most of the splendid structures on the 


Thornwell Orphanage 

campus were erected under his direction. His 
care and economy saved the Institution thou- 
sands of dollars. He was for years called the 
Steward, and was the all round handy man 
without whom it would have been difficult to 
carry on the work of the Orphanage. When 
provisions ran low he would take the wagon 
and drive over the country for miles around 
and gather up any and all sorts of things such 
as people had a mind to give him. How fre- 
quently people in this section have spoken of 
the visits of this interesting character as he 
would be out for the Orphanage. He greatly 
loved the children and was greatly loved by 
them. He was never married and spent what 
little money he had for others, especially the 
children. It will never be known just how much 
he did for the children in the way of supplying 
things for them that the Orphanage could not 
furnish; such as overshoes, raincoats and um- 
brellas. It was his generosity that put the Or- 
phanage in charge of the tract of land on which 
the Riverside Cottage is located. This has 
proved a great delight to succeeding generations 
of children. He did not tarry long after Dr. 


The Beginnings 

Jacobs went away, just five months. In later 
life he suffered with indigestion. The last day 
the writer ever saw him was during the Christ- 
mas season of 1917. The Board had come to 
Clinton for the second time to try to select a 
President. While walking up town this man 
was met. An attack of indigestion had him. 
He was holding to the picket fence gasping for 
breath. He went home to be with God, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1918. The memory of Mr. Tom C. 
Scott is held sacred by hundreds of boys and 
girls who knew and loved him during his forty- 
two years of connection with the Thornwell 

The first days of the Orphanage were days 
of poverty in the south, but the work grew. 
However, it went slowly and painfully. There 
were those who did not sympathize with the 
enterprise. Some doubted. Still others actively 
opposed it. But Dr. Jacobs had faith and looked 
to God to carry the work. Looking at holes 
that had been drilled in the stone walls of the 
Home of Peace, a man asked for an explana- 
tion. On being told that they were for the 
purpose of fastening on the wooden piazza, the 


Thornwell Orphanage 

man said : "It will never be done." But it was 
done and soon a kitchen was also added. 

By the first of 1879, there were twenty-one 
children. That year brought a great sorrow to 
the home, but especially to Dr. Jacobs. The 
death angel knocked twice at the door of the 
home. Mrs. Jacobs was called from the scenes 
and activities of the home to her eternal home. 
She left her own children motherless. The 
orphan children felt that they had been made 
motherless a second time. Let the one who 
stood in the great shadow speak to us. "I never 
dreamed that when 1879 dawned upon our 
happy household, that the desire of my soul 
and the staff and stay of these many orphans 
should with speaking eyes wave a fond fare- 
well, as she placed her frail hand in God's. 
Blessed Master, the misery of that hour could 
never have been borne, but for the other arm 
wherewith Thou didst bear up the sufferer. It 
was a time of solid darkness that encompassed 
him, with only the little light within the soul, 
where Thou didst dwell, O my God. Pardon 
me, my reader. I have no right to speak of 
these things here, but that I saw the orphans, 


The Beginnings 

orphaned again. She loved them so and had 
g^ven up all for them, but her fair hand would 
never more caress them. God pity the man 
who loses a faithful wife. God pity the children 
that lose a faithful mother. We buried her. 
Then all the beautv in the children's characters 
shone out." It was not long till one of the 
lovely boys, Frank Cripps, who had been born 
in Mexico, followed his second mother into the 
home above. 

There came the thought of enlargement by 
the building of another cottage, but where it 
was to come from no one but the bountiful 
Father knew. Being touched by the story of 
the life and death of little Frank Cripps, Mrs. 
Burt, of Philadelphia, sent a check for $155.43 
as a memorial to Frank. The thought was sug- 
gested that it was time to begin the second cot- 
tage, though this was but a fraction of the 
amount needed. The matter was laid before 
God and his guidance was sought. This thought 
came: "By faith the walls of Jericho fell down 
and by faith shall these walls be built. Faith 
Cottage shall it be called." The Board said: 
"Go forward." The boys were enthusiastic. 


Thornweil Orphanage 

The wagon was put to work. Mr. Courtney 
Wilson, one of the boys, spoke in 1922 of this. 
He said old Baldy, the horse, gave out and the 
boys took his place and pulled the wagon in 
moving material. 

'The year 1880 dawned upon us and found 
us busy. The whole of the previous year had 
placed only $1,763 in the treasury. The annual 
income had been decreasing for two years. 
Times were very hard. Often we needed to go 
to God for strength. We had met with news- 
paper opposition. Friends had grown cold. 
Death had done its sad work in our household. 
But what is faith worth if it cannot see in the 
dark? Lord, thou didst mean to teach us that 
no stone should go into these buildings that 
Thou didst not place there. If this was to be 
God's work why should he not do it in His own 
way? His way might puzzle the workman. 
Let them wait. Were there no hindrances there 
could be no faith." 

Inch by inch Faith Cottage progressed. The 
corner stone was laid in July, 1880. The Board 
met on October 1, 1880, the close of the Or- 
phanage year. Receipts for the general sup- 


The Beginnings 

port amounted to $2,185.58. There had been 
received for Faith Cottage $1,972.84. The en- 
dowment had been increased by $447.59. 

It seems remarkable that in the annual report 
of 1880, it appeared that contributions had been 
received from twenty-five states, the District 
of Columbia and Canada. 

Twenty-four children were under the foster- 
ing care of the Orphanage. So it had its be- 


Chapter IV. 


THE founder of Thorn well Orphanage was 
not a man of means. He was not posses- 
sed of a prominence in the church which would 
guarantee a support. Nor was there a circle 
of rich friends who encouraged him to go ahead. 
Quite the contrary. He could boast of little 
beyond being an obscure young preacher in an 
obscure village. Those who stood nearest to 
him and sympathized most with him were poor 
men. The group of church officers who em- 
barked with him upon this enterprise each 
pledged ten dollars a year for ten years. That 
was a mark of generosity and faith on their 

But throughout the fifty years of its history 
there has been the very evident favor of God 
upon the Orphanage in the gift of friends. 

There have not been many large gifts as 
gifts are counted nowadays. However there 
have been a goodly number who have erected 


McCoRMicK HoMK. Makv Jacobs School 


McCoRMicK Homes — Anita, Edith 


God's Gift of Friends 

buildings on the campus or given four thousand 
dollars or more to the endowment or equipment. 
(These we mention.) Time would fail to tell 
of the multitude of children and older friends 
who have been unfailing in their devotion to 
the Orphanage. Without them the work could 
never have been carried on. Letters which come 
to the office make us feel that the Master is sit- 
ting over against the Treasury looking at some 
poor widow or some dear child who gives the 
last penny for the orphans. 

As the demands upon the Orphanage began 
to increase and the need for enlargement be- 
came apparent these friends of whom we are 
to write began to appear. It seems wonderful. 
Yet it is not remarkable when we rightly take 
into account the God of the fatherless. 

The first cottage, the Home of Peace, was 
occupied in 1875. Faith Cottage was erected 
in 1880. The demand for the admission of chil- 
dren grew. 

Mrs. McCormick, The first of these good 
generous friends was the late Mrs. Nettie 
Fowler McCormick, of Chicago. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

The question has often been asked as to how 
she became interested in this small and strug- 
gling Orphanage in South Carolina. 

The McCormicks had property interests in 
Abbeville County South Carolina in what is 
now McCormick county. Judge J. S. Cothran, 
an elder in the Abbeville Church, was their legal 
and business representative. At one time, when 
making a remittance, he took occasion to write 
of this work. He stated that it was struggling 
and was meeting some opposition, but expressed 
the opinion that it would do a greatly needed 
work for the orphan children of this section. 
The Judge said in substance: ^'Knowing you 
are Presbyterian and since you have property 
interests in our state, it occurred to me that 
you might be interested in helping with this 

Little did this good Christian lawyer realize 
the richness of the reservoir which under God 
he was instrumental in opening. 

During her lifetime this elect lady placed 
$26,500.00 in the endowment fund and erected 
on the campus seven cottage homes and one 
school building. Of the fifteen homes in which 


God's Gift of Friends 

the children live Mrs. McCormick gave seven. 
These are: McCormick erected in 1885, Har- 
riet in 1889, Virginia in 1898, Anita in 1899, 
Edith in 1896, Fowler in 1905, Gordon in 1903 
and the Mary Jacobs school building in 1901. 
Then her will provided $50,000.00 for this ob- 
ject of her affectionate interest. Let the 
message of her love and generosity be carried 
into your mind and heart through the eye gate 
as you look at the pictures of the beautiful and 
enduring buildings which she caused to be 

Judge A. A. Phlcgar. This w^as a great law^- 
yer and a great Christian who lived in Chris- 
tiansburg, Va. But why his interest in Thorn- 
well Orphanage? There were not many such 
homes then. As an Elder and Superintendent 
of the Sunday School a case of needy children 
came to his attention. They were sent to Thorn- 
well Orphanage. Then the Judge said to his 
Sunday School: "The Orphanage is taking 
care of our children, we must help support it." 
A stream of contributions was started in his 
Sunday School which still flows at the rate of 
some $600.00 or more a year. These amounts 


Thornwell Orphanage 

have gone into the endowment. There stands 
to the credit in the endowment from the Chris- 
tiansburg Sunday School $13,917.00. Not till 
after his death was it known that the splendid 
granite library building was the gift of Judge 
Phlegar. The records indicate to his credit in 
the endowment $4,000.00. 

Mr. McHarg. Judge Phlegar prays. He had 
an acquaintanceship and business relations with 
Mr. Henry K. McHarg, of New York City. 
In conversations with this friend the Thorn- 
well Orphanage had often been mentioned. On 
one occasion Judge Phlegar was in the office of 
Mr. McHarg on business and was told of a 
large sum of money which had been realized 
from some big transaction. This Christian law- 
yer said to his business friend : "Now, this is 
the time for you to recognize the favor of God 
and acknowledge his blessing by making a 
worth-while gift to that little Orphanage down 
in South Carolina about which I have been talk- 


That night at his room in the hotel he prayed 
very earnestly that his friend would give him 
$10,000.00 for the Orphanage. The next morn- 


God's Gift of Friends 

ing on going to Mr. McHarg's office he handed 
the Judge a check for $25,000.00. This amount 
stands today as a part of the endowment. 

Mrs. Lees. Many institutions were the re- 
cipients of her favor and support. In addition 
to substantial gifts while living Mrs. S. P. Lees, 
of New York, provided $10,000.00 in her will. 
This was used to add a third story and largely 
to rebuild the Home of Peace. So it stands 
today in its splendid proportions and is pointed 
to with pride as our first and largest home. 

Mr. Harper. There lived in Columbia, S. C., 
a rather unique character. Those who knew 
him best greatly appreciated him. His home 
had not been blessed with children. He longed 
for a child upon whom he might bestow a 
father's interest and love. A boy was adopted, 
but death called the child from him. His heart 
seemed to go out more than ever toward chil- 

Mr. T. J. Harper died in 1912. When his 
will was read it was found that with the ex- 
ception of a few thousand dollars designed to 
meet immediate needs, his whole estate was 
placed in hands of trustees to be administered 


Thornwell Orphanage 

for three named beneficiaries. Upon the death 
of the last surviving one, the estate is to be 
settled and divided equally among three Or- 
phanages. Thornwell, Connie Maxwell (Bap- 
tist) and Ep worth (Methodist). Why these 
three? He had been deeply impressed by the 
work Dr. Jacobs was doing. He had been in 
the army with Dr. Maxwell for whose daughter 
Connie Maxwell Orphanage was named. Ep- 
worth was a local institution. 

This estate is supposed to be worth altogether 
some $500,000.00, though it has not yet been 

Mr. Augustine T. Smythe. The college days 
of the Orphanage founder had been spent in 
Charleston. Among its people were found some 
of the first friends and supporters of the In- 
stitution. They have been constant in their 

A great disappointment and sorrow came to 
the home of Mr. and Mrs. Augustine Smythe 
in the death of their lovely and promising son, 
Augustine Jr. The monument which they 
erected to his memory is the Augustine Home. 
Since 1893, it has been a home for some twenty 


God's Gift of Friends 

little fellows. Many who are now men out in 
life turn in memory to the Augustine Home as 
their first home in the Orphanage. 

Mrs. Fair child. The family had grown to 
such proportions that an Infirmary was greatly 
needed. In 1894, a good friend of the Orphan- 
age was called to her reward. She left $2,- 
000.00 to the Orphanage. Another thousand 
was added to this by friends. As a result of 
this generous interest the Clarissa Fairchild 
Infirmary was built. Here the sick were ten- 
derly cared for until the further growth of the 
Institution demanded a larger hospital. This 
came with the erection of the Lesh Infirmary. 
Since this the Fairchild has been used as one 
of the cottages for girls. 

John R. Silliman. Mr. Silliman lived in 
Palestine, Texas, and died while representing 
our government as Consul to Mexico. 

His father, James Monroe Silliman, M. D., 
was born in York, S. C, in 1827, and died in 
Palestine, Texas, in 1892. Wishing to do 
honor to the memory of his sainted father, John 
R. erected the Silliman Cottage in 1907. Since 
its erection this beautiful granite building has 


Thornwell Orphanage 

furnished a home for some twenty-four of the 
younger girls. 

Mrs. M. A. Hollingsworth. In 1910, the 
Hollingsworth Home was erected by Mrs. M. 
A. Hollingsworth, of Pickens, S. C, as a 
memorial to her sons, John Ivy, Stephen Clay- 
ton, and Columbus Eugene. 

Realizing that every home must be kept up 
her good business judgment suggested an en- 
dowment. One thousand dollars was provided 
for this purpose. 

The dairy boys delight to call Hollingsworth 
"their home." 

Rwcrside. No other part of the Orphanage 
life has given just quite so much enjoyment and 
real fun to the boys and girls, as the years have 
passed, as Riverside eight miles away on 
Enoree River. As stated elsewhere the land 
was given by Mr. Thomas C. Scott. 

The Allison Cottage, the home for the girls, 
was the gift of Rev. J. Y. Allison, D. D., of 

The summer home for the boys is called 
Alumni Cottage and was provided by the old 


Mrs. Mary Lesh, Giver of Lesh Infirmary 

A Sami'I.k oi- Tn()Ki\\vELL Childrkn 

God's Gift of Friends 

pupils of the Institution. How they loved 
Riverside ! 

Mr. McCall. When the Presbyterian College 
decided to enlarge its borders and concentrate 
on its present location, the original college build- 
ing which stood on Orphanage ground was sold. 
Funds for the purchase of the same by the 
Orphanage were provided by the will of C. S. 
McCall, of Bennettsville, S. C. This is the 
present High School building and bears the 
name McCall. 

Mrs. Stacy. In many particulars the most 
interesting place on the campus is the Museum. 
Rare, beautiful and interesting specimens are 
to be found there. 

The building which houses these is a me- 
morial to Mr. T. M. Jones. The funds for it 
were provided by a legacy of Mrs. Emily Stacy, 
of Griffin, Ga. The money became available in 

Mrs. Mary Lesli. A generous hearted woman 
of Massachusetts asked what was some urgent 
need of the Institution. The Fairchild Infirm- 
ary had been outgrown and she was told that 
the greatest need was a hospital. In response 


Thornwell Orphanage 

to that suggestion the splendid Mary Lesh In- 
firmary stands to serve and bless our children. 
This is a well appointed and equipped three- 
story brick building, covered with tile. It will 
accommodate some forty children. Since its 
erection in 1913 Mrs. Lesh has placed in the 
endowment $8,200.00. 

Mrs. Sherard. The home of the Treasurer 
and Assistant to the President is the Maria S. 
Sherard Home. It was erected at a cost of 
$3,500.00 from funds left through the will of 
Mrs. Mary Sherard, of Richmond, Va. 

Mrs. Turner. When the will of Mrs. Sarah 
A. Turner, of Jefferson, Ga., was read it re- 
vealed an interest in orphan children which had 
been exhibited during her life. It was stipulated 
that $10,000.00 should go to the Synod of 
Georgia for the beginning of an orphanage 
near Athens. If, within two years, the Synod 
should decide not to establish such an institu- 
tion the amount named was to come to Thorn- 
well Orphanage. By a vote of the Synod the 
legacy came to Thornwell. This splendid sum 
went into the commodious and substantial 
Turner Building, Kitchen-Dining Hall. 


God's Gift of Friends 

Mr. Cornclson, In reading the annual re- 
ports from the early days it was noted that one 
of the child supporters was Mr. George H. Cor- 
nelson, of Orangeburg, S. C. 

Provision was made for carrying on this 
support by providing in his will for $5,000.00 
to be placed in the Orphanage Treasury. 

Mrs. Kennedy. A legacy of $5,000.00 was 
received from the estate of Mrs. Jane Kennedy. 

Mr. Mandeville. A Georgia friend. Mr. L. 
C. Mandeville, of Carrollton, gave $4,500.00 to 
the endowment. 

Mr. Hugh Wilson. In the early days of the 
Orphanage there were those in some quarters 
who did not sympathize with it. In fact they 
opposed it. One such was the Editor of the 
Press and Banner of Abbeville, S. C. That 
paper voiced that opposition in rather strong 
language. But the mind of this conscientious 
Editor underwent a thorough change and 
through his will the Orphanage received the 
sum of $5,000.00 which went into the endow- 

Mr. Eagan. In his old age it was decided 
to provide a salary and pension fund for Dr. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Jacobs, the President of the Orphanage. For 
this purpose Mr. John J. Eagan, of Atlanta, 
contributed the sum of $5,000.00. 

Mr. Beattie. For several years a good friend 
Mr. W. D. Beattie, of Atlanta, Ga., has been 
putting a thousand dollars a year into the En- 
dowment as a memorial to his mother Mrs. 
Mary L. Beattie. The amount now stands at 

Mrs. Sarah Bowie Terhune. She being dead 
yet speakth. Through the will of this friend 
of Rome, Ga., $7,612.97 was left to the Orphan- 
age. No specificatrons were made as to how it 
should be used. 

After correspondence with members of the 
family it was found it would be pleasing to them 
if it should be placed in the Endowment a'? a 
scholarship memorial to the donor. 

It was agreed also and approved by the boa^d 
that the income might be used in the college 
edvication of the Orphanage girls. 

Mr. M. S. Bailey. He was one of that or- 
iginal little group of church officers who 
pledged $10.00 a year for ten years. He has 
had an enviable record. For fifty years he has 


God's Gift of Friends 

served as a member of the Board of Thornwell 
Orphanage. The charter has been changed 
several times. The Board has been enlarged 
and differently constituted, but the name of M. 
S. Bailey has always been on the list of Trus- 

In 1922 he gave $5,000.00 for the erection 
of the Bailey Laundry Building. 

Mr. George IV. Young. His father was 
one of the contractors of the original orphan- 
age building. 

As a neighbor of the institution for forty- 
eight years Mr. Young had every opportunity 
to know the orphanage and see what it was 
doing. In 1923 he placed $6,000.00 in the en- 
dowment as a memorial to his father. R. N. S. 
Young, who was a devoted friend of the or- 
phanage and among the first board members. 
He and Mr. Bell co-operated with Dr. Jacobs 
in securing the first building. Permission was 
granted to use the income in defraying the 
expenses of select girls in college. 

Mr. G. C. Young. No building on the campus 
hears the name of the long time friend and 
faithful trustee, Mr. Young, yet every granite 


Thornwell Orphanage 

building, except the church, SilHman Cottage 
and Mayes Memorial might well have his name 
attached. From his quarry located about a mile 
from town came most of the granite used with 
the exception above noted. 

Mr. C. E. Graham. In the Million Dollar 
Educational campaign of 1920 the late Mr. C. 
E. Graham gave $100,000.00. 

The trustees of his estate designated $20,- 
000.00 of this for the orphanage and at their 
suggestion the amount was used for drainage, 
sewerage and plumbing improvements and a 
beautiful office building to be erected. These 
improvements added greatly to the health and 
comforts of the campus and homes. 

Mr. Gordon Lee. Much to the surprise of 
many intimate friends and to the surprise of 
Thornwell Orphanage officials the associated 
press despatches in January, 1924, carried the 
report that Congressman Gordon Lee, of Chick- 
amauga, Ga., had established a $75,000.00 trust 
fund to be administered by trustees which he 
appointed for the benefit of three orphanages: 
the Baptist Orphanage at Hapeville, Ga., the 
Methodist Orphanage at Decatur, Ga., and 


God's Gift of Friends 

Thornwcll Orphanage at Clinton, S. C. It was 
ordered that twenty per cent of the income be 
added annually to the principal and that the 
remainder be divided equally among the three 

The $25,000.00 intended for Thornwell Or- 
phanage is to stand as a memorial to the de- 
ceased wife of Mr. Lee, and is to be known as 
the Mrs. Olive Emily Berry Lee Memorial. 

Mrs. Lee was an earnest Christian and a 
devoted member of the Presbyterian Church. 

Miss Blackwood. When death removed from 
the scenes and activities of earth Miss Kate B. 
Blackwood, of New York, it was learned how 
broad and generous were her impulses. She 
remembered in a generous way many Christian 
and philanthropic institutions. Her will pro- 
vided that $5,000.00 should come to Thornwell 
Orphanage and to be known as the Blackwood 
Memorial Fund in honor of her parents. 

The McSzveens. For twenty-five years Mr. 
John McSween, of Timmonsville, S. C, was a 
faithful and efficient trustee of the orphanage. 
During his life he was generous in his support 
of it. He did not leave a will but had indicated 


Thornwell Orphanage 

his purpose to leave $5,000.00 to the Orphan- 
age. His children, Rev. John McSween and 
Mrs. Kate McSween Walker, made a gift of 
$5,000.00 from the estate. This amount went 
into the improvement of the printing shop, 
providing a linotype, press and other equipment. 

Mr. Mebane. In the million dollar educa- 
tional campaign of 1920 Mr. Robert Mebane, 
of Great Falls, S. C, gave $5,000.00, and de- 
signated the amount to be used for the equip- 
ment of the new laundry which was fitted out 
in 1923 and has proved a great blessing to the 
whole family. 

Mrs. Badeau. During her life Mrs. Louise 
E. Badeau was an interested and generous 
friend of Thornwell. Upon her death in 1923 
it was found that her home in Dunedin, Fla., 
had been left to the institution. From this 
legacy the Orphanage received $6,100.00. 

Mrs. M. A. Epps. Mrs. Epps, of Lake City, 
S. C, thought of two Orphanages. Thornwell 
and Connie Maxwell, a Baptist Institution at 
Greenwood, S. C. This estate has not yet been 


The Late Mrs. Gordon Lee 

God's Gift of Friends 

Georgia Friends. The Georgia Home, erect- 
ed in 1905, does not represent the gift of any 
one, but a large number of givers in the state 
of Georgia. Through the efforts of Rev. 
Thornwell Jacobs funds were raised for the 
erection of this splendid tile roof, three-story 
brick building. 

Florida Friends. Rev. J. B. Branch can- 
vassed the state of Florida for funds for the 
erection of a building. Florida Cottage, con- 
structed in 1913, stands as a monument to the 
efforts of Mr. Branch and the generosity of the 
Florida friends. 

The F. Louise Mayes Memorial. While 
President of the Synodical Auxiliary of South 
Carolina, Mrs. F. Louise Mayes entered heart- 
ily and enthusiastically into the. plan for the 
erection of a cottage for the care of young 
children, even babies. Just as the plans were 
being perfected Mrs. Mayes was called to her 
heavenly home. From many quarters came the 
suggestion that the cottage be erected as a 
memorial to the departed leader of the South 
Carolina women. So it was decided, and the 
beautiful building, costing $35,000.00 when 


Thornwell Orphanage 

completed and furnished, was given by the 
women of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. 

These friends and others who thus generous- 
ly aided in this work have made possible the 
enlargements which mark the place. 

The buildings of the campus have increased 
from two to twenty-nine. 

The family has grown from eight to four 
hundred with the filling of the Louise Mayes 

The endowment has grown from nothing to 

The educational system has been expanded 
and perfected. 

And most important of all was the almost 
miraculous way Dr. Jacobs was able to put this 
work upon the hearts of the people. Hosts of 
people dearly love Thornwell Orphanage. 

Its success and its support have been due not 
simply to this long list of larger givers but more 
particularly to this host of friends who out of 
love for Christ and deep concern for the needy 
fatherless child gave of their smaller means. 
Often these gifts have meant real self denial 
and sacrifice. Rut how gladly they gave. Chief 


God's Gift of Friends 

among these givers have been the children of 
the church and our older women — Mothers in 
Israel. Their expressions of interest which 
often come with their gifts, are an inspiration 
and wonderful strengthener of faith to those 
who have to do with leadership in this work. 
As these multiplied friends of smaller gifts 
have been the real back bone of support in the 
past, so it must be for the future. Compara- 
tively speaking not many large gifts will come. 
The work must be carried by the many who, it 
may be, feel that their small gifts must be sup- 
plemented by their prayers. Only as God's 
people sustain the work with their prayers can 
it continue to prosper. 

By touching the succeeding decades you may 
gain some conception of the growth of the insti- 
tution, which indicates an enlarging number of 

Number of children Current support Endowment 

1875 8 $ 1,000.00 $ 500.00 

1885 42 4,110.00 7,158.00 

1895 124 11,722.00 16,660.00 

1905 235 21,460.00 61,451.00 

1915 3(H 34,822.00 164,000.00 

1924 400 100,000.00 314,000.00 


Chapter V. 


THE meridian of life is passed. The jour- 
ney toward the western horizon has be- 
gun. It is not toward gloom but toward glory. 
One afternoon after the clouds had been dark 
and hanging low, the writer walked up from 
town in Palatka, Fla., to the lovely river front, 
really a bay jutting out from the beautiful St. 
Johns. Just as the open expanse of the water 
and the trees skirting the farther shore line 
came into view the clouds lifted. The setting 
sun cast back a golden glow which swept the 
distant shore with a gleam and a glory, the 
like of which he had never seen on land or sea. 
Heaven seemed to come down to kiss the earth 
a fond goodnight. In that kiss there was the 
pledge and guarantee of the return of another 
day to follow the darkness of the approaching 
night. As life's day began to wear away, as the 
sun began to dip toward the west, there seemed 
to gather about Dr. Jacobs an increasing 
splendor, an added glory. 


Toward Sunset 

The Board became more thoughtful of him 
and more tender in its thought. The entire 
church gave more sympathetic place in its heart 
to Dr. Jacobs and his children at Thornwell. 
The workers and children loved him more and 
more. They saw and felt his growing physical 
weakness, but in the richness of his life and 
in the beauty of the relationship at the Orphan- 
age, heaven and earth seemed very near to- 

Dr. Jacobs passed his three score years. 
Having always been frail and suffering from 
increasing deafness and being more troubled 
with his always weak eyes, he felt the need of 
some one who would understand the spirit of 
the Orphanage and who would be ready to share 
its burdens. 

The selection fell upon his youngest son, 
Thornwell. He had literally been reared in the 
Orphanage. He had shared its life with the 
boys and girls. He had attended its schools. 
He had worked in its departments. He knew it. 
For three years from 1902-1905 he gave his 
interest, his enthusiasm, his varied talents to 
the broadening and strengthening of the work. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

During his brief service he raised funds in the 
Synod of Georgia for the erection of the 
Georgia Home. 

Having had the load shared by another the 
Doctor, after the resignation of Rev. Thorn- 
well Jacobs, felt more keenly than ever the 
need of an assistant. It was natural and rea- 
sonable that search should be made among some 
of the noble and worthy sons of the Institution. 
The selection was not made at once, but in 1909 
Rev. J. Bennet Branch returned to the home 
of his childhood and young manhood to take up 
the work as assistant to Dr. Jacobs. He did 
not have to become acquainted with Dr. Jacobs 
or with the Orphanage any more than a son 
would have to become acquainted with his 
father and the rules of the home after a few 
years absence. He was ready for work the day 
he came. For eight years he gave his energy, 
his time, his thought, his heart's devotion to the 
Institution and in loving and loyal service to 
the man who had been a father to him. As Dr. 
Jacobs grew less equal to the tasks Mr. Branch 
became more equal to them and the respon- 
sibilities more and more rested upon him. The 


Toward Sunset 

schools were placed in his charge, the internal 
management including the discipline devolved 
upon him, he had charge of the Sunday School 
as Superintendent. 

Feeling that "Our Monthly" was not a fre- 
quent enough caller, with Dr. Jacobs approval, 
he started the ''Thornwell Messenger," which 
continued for several years as a weekly paper 
bearing the Orphanage message to the church. 

The increasing infirmities of the venerable 
President placed upon Mr. Branch the further 
responsibility of representing the Orphanage 
before the Synods and Presbyteries. 

During his term of service two worth while 
enterprises stand out. He raised a $25,000.00 
endowment for the President. The income of 
this was to go to Dr. Jacobs as long as he might 
live and then it was to remain as a permanent 
endowment of the President's position. The 
campaign for funds for the Florida Cottage 
was successfully conducted in that Synod. This 
home stands as a monument to Mr. Branch. 
His relationship to the Orphanage continued 
till a meeting of the Board of Trustees just 
after the death of Dr. Jacobs, when he resigned. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Several fires have occurred but two may be 
called disastrous. Remarkable to say both came 
in November, 1904. On the fifth the central 
kitchen-dining room was burned and, then, on 
Thanksgiving Day the Seminary, which was 
used for morning chapel services for the schools 
and for Sabbath afternoon preaching services. 
But in the Providence of God the buildings were 
replaced by better ones. 

During these years emphasis was placed upon 
the schools, and the work done was of such a 
standard that in 1911 the public school author- 
ities of South Carolina issued teachers' certi- 
ficates upon the presentation of the diploma 
from the Thornwell College. 

This concession was withdrawn in 1916, but 
restored again in 1918 and continued till the 
suspension of the college in 1920. 

There were two adjuncts to the schools that 
Dr. Jacobs never forgot and in which he never 
lost interest. His annual reports always called 
attention to the Museum and the Library. Ad- 
ditions were noted, a failure to secure specimens 
or books was commented upon. The museum 
has in it 4,800 specimens. The library has in it 
upward of 10,000 volumes. 


Toward Sunset 

A great sorrow and loss came to Dr. Jacobs 
in the death of his adopted daughter, Miss 
Mollie Manson, on July 12, 1915. She had 
lived in the home with him and had bestowed 
upon him every attention that an appreciative 
and loving child could give. 

After her death Miss Cassie Oliver was 
selected to go into the home. She supplemented 
her love by her knowledge and skill as a nurse. 
She was his daily companion. Her tender and 
skillful hands ministered to him. She re- 
sponded to his last call on earth and stood by 
his side as he went down into the valley of the 

Miss Eugenia Calvo was also in the home as 
the secretary to Dr. Jacobs and rendered just as 
faithful and loving service in the home and as 
secretary during the last years of Doctor's life. 

As we come to the close of the career of this 
good and great man we would record some of 
the many just and true statements made in the 
press as the writers endeavored to express their 
appraisal of the character and work of the 
prince and great man who had fallen in Israel. 


Thornwell Orphanage 


Columbia State. — "The Rev. Wm. P. Jacobs, who 
died in Clinton, S. C, September 10th, 1917, was 
endowed with the talents of a 'captain of industry' and 
from his boyhood he devoted them to the service of 
God and his fellow men. Nearly half a century ago 
he founded the Thornwell Orphanage and the first 
subscription to the enterprise was a 50-cent coin. Dr. 
Jacobs, then a young man, saw the deep need for a 
home for orphan children and he founded and built an 
institution, the first orphanage in South Carolina not 
supported by taxation, relying with the illimitable faith 
of a little child on the Father in Heaven whom he 
worshipped. Many handsome buildings scattered over 
broad acres, representing investments of hundreds of 
thousands of dollars, and thousands of men and women 
living useful lives in all parts of this and other coun- 
tries are the fruit of the 'grain of mustard seed' which 
he planted. Yet the buildings and the educational 
facilities, the material equipment of the institution, are 
not its noblest features. What has made the Thorn- 
well Orphanage notable among the thousands of similar 
benevolences has been its non-institutional character. 
To a degree that only those who have been familiar 
with it can understand and believe, the children of this 
Orphanage for generation after generation have looked 
upon the gentle and strong man at its head as a child 


Toward Sunset 

regards a loving parent. That is why so many of them 
have gone out into the world from it to occupy places 
of trust and honor and to contribute to the welfare of 

"During the greater part of his life Dr. Jacobs, 
carrying the immense burden of the Orphanage, con- 
tinued in active pastoral work, the Presbyterian Church 
of Clinton being his charge. Always it was one of the 
most vigorous churches of the denomination in South 
Carolina and its success and unbroken growth would 
have been a complete testimonial to the zeal and ability 
of its pastor if it had been the sole achievement by 
which his life was to be measured. 

"Still ,all has not been said of this good man and 
his great works . If we forget for the moment his 
career as builder and pastor, its doing his memory no 
more than simple justice to say that in all the years he 
was in secular concerns a foremost citizen of Clinton. 
That an obscure village that 60 years ago was no better 
in morals or aspiration than it should have been, just 
a little station on a little railroad in the country, not 
unlike dozens of others in South Carolina, has ex- 
panded into one of the most flourishing commercial 
and manufacturing small cities in the State is due to 
his fostering care, to his constructive vision and to his 
unceasing stimulation and encouragement of its p)eople. 
The monthly magazine of the Orphanage, which he 
edited, was the unflagging prompter of the people of 
Clinton to public and private business endeavor long 


Thornwell Orphanage 

before the town had a newspaper. Scarcely an im- 
portant institution in Clinton, including the Presby- 
terian College of South Carolina, and various manu- 
facturing and financial concerns, was begun without 
initial suggestion and spur from this able and scholarly 
gentleman who found time and energy to devote in 
marvelous outpouring to secular affairs with the great 
consecration of his heart and genius to the work of his 
Maker and care of little children." 

Presbyterian Standard. — "This greatly venerated 
and eminently useful servant of God passed to his 
eternal rest early on Monday morning, September 10. 

"Not his sole monument but his greatest is the 
Thornwell Orphanage. He began laying the founda- 
tion of this institution in 1873 and from that day till 
his death, his labors in its behalf were unintermittent. 
He projected the institution on somewhat novel but 
wise lines. He proposed to care for orphans after the 
manner that children are cared for in the family. He 
organized them in groups, and placed these groups in 
separate houses, and each group under the care of a 
matron. Thus there were a number of good women to 
show a maternal interest in the children while Dr. 
Jacobs fatherized them all. He lived to see his family 
grow to more than three hundred, but it never grew too 
large for him to feel a paternal interest in each child. 
If ever any one discovered God's plan for his life, we 
are inclined to think Dr. Jacobs did. He was predes- 
tined to the work of caring for orphans. He was richly 


Toward Sunset 

dowered with gifts both of mind and heart for this 
task. He had the administrative gifts, the inexhaus- 
tible patience, the never-flagging interest, and the rare 
art of opening up, and keeping open, the fountain of 
Christian HberaHty. Through all the years his children 
in their happy, healthy appearance and the character of 
their dress would compare favorably with the children 
of thrifty, well-to-do parents. But his care did not 
end with providing food and clothing. He provided 
facilities for their schooling from the primary grade 
to the collegiate degree of A. B. Furthermore, he was 
their religious guide, and by his preaching and faithful 
pastoral care led them into the fold of the Good Shep- 
herd, with the result that hundreds of them have served 
the Church as elders and deacons, and a dozen have 
given themselves to the Gospel ministry, not a few to 
missionary service in heathen lands. Through all the 
coming years, the Thornwell Orphanage will keep alive 
his memory, and will reflect a fadeless glory on his 

"Apart from this, his most distinctive life work and 
the work that will ever be most intimately associated 
with his name, he did other notable things. He was 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, of Clinton, 
for forty-seven years, and saw it grow from a handful 
to a membership of over three hundred. The Presby- 
terian College of South Carolina owes its existence to 
his initiative. He helped to nurture its tender infancy, 


Thornwell Orphanage 

and had much to do in shaping its history until its 
permanency was well assured. 

"Dr, Jacobs without noise or bluster was eminently 
a man of affairs and his energy and enterprising spirit 
were a valuable asset for the whole community. Clin- 
ton owes much to him in every department of its 
manifold hfe. 

"He had gone only a little way into his seventy- 
sixth year, having been born in Yorkville, S. C, on 
March 15, 1842. He was educated in Charleston 
College and in Columbia Theological Seminary, grad- 
uating from the latter institution in 1864. All of his 
life was spent in his native State; but the beneficence 
of his life, as it found expression in the Thornwell 
Orphanage, was shared by many states. 

"The church, of which he was so long pastor, has 
passed to other capable hands. The college, over whose 
tender years he watched with such assiduous care is 
ably manned. These institutions have reached the stage 
where his helpful ministry is no longer essential. They 
will doubtless continue to grow and prosper. How 
about the Orphanage? He had able and competent 
helpers. Can any one fill his place in such a manner as 
that his going will not constitute an irreparable loss? 
Possibly so, but the many devoted friends of this great 
institution will feel some apprehension until the fact is 

Charity and Children. — "On Monday morning Sep- 
tember 10th, Rev. William Plummer Jacobs, D. D., of 


Toward Sunset 

Clinton, S. C, suddenly answered the summons to come 
home. He had labored long and well, having rounded 
out seventy-five years rich in high and holy service for 
his Lord and his fellow man. It was time that he 
entered into rest. 

**Dr. Jacobs was abundant in labors. For forty 
years he was pastor of a church in Clinton, S. C, 
which he organized when a young preacher. For more 
than forty years he directed the affairs of the Thorn- 
well Orphanage which he organized, and which has 
grown into one of the great institutions of the South. 

"He was to South Carolina what John H. Mills 
was to this state. They loved each other and had much 
in common. Both were men of excellent scholarship. 
Each was deeply consecrated, and in each of these 
spiritual noblemen every helpless child had a defender 
and a friend. 

"Three great men in the South devoted themselves 
to the redemption of childhood — John H. Mills, Wil- 
liam P. Jacobs and R. C. Buckner. North Carolina, 
South Carolina and Texas were highly favored in 
giving these men to the world. Mills and Jacobs have 
gone to their reward, Buckner still lingers, but is ready 
for the call. 

"In addition to the labors of Dr. Jacobs he managed 
to find time to edit Our Monthly, perhaps the finest 
Orphanage journal in the United States. The last issue 
of the magazine bore the impress of his great mind and 


Thornwell Orphanage 

heart, for he was gathered to his fathers in the midst 
of his labors. - 

"We have suffered a real loss in the death of this 
great man. His mental strength was only equalled by 
the goodness of his heart. Saintly in his bearing, he 
was a happy Christian with a strain of radiant humor 
as refined and exquisite as it was keen and bright. We 
have had many a tilt with him, but without a sting. 

"Personally we sorrow with his children. He was a 
friend whose friendship never failed. With conviction 
of truth and duty as unyielding as the rock of Gibraltar, 
he was broadly Catholic in his views and loved every 
one who loved the Lord. 

"Thousands of children are bereaved today — chil- 
dren he loved and nourished as though they were his 
very Own and we pray that Heaven will be richer and 
sweeter to them because he has gone to live there." 

The Clinton Chronicle. — "Dr. Jacobs is dead. What 
a shock. What a loss. How he will be missed. How 
hard it will be to fill his place. In his passing, thou- 
sands of hearts are grief-striken and our sorrow will 
not soon be dimmed. His end came Monday morning 
as a thunderbolt, unexpected, but it was calm and sweet 
and peaceful, and he quietly slipped away to God and to 
join other loved ones who had gone on before. * 'Tis 
a pity, 'tis true.' The place that has known him shall 
know him no more." 

"It is a sorrowful privilege to pen this tribute to 
him. It's a task we are not equal to. The heart that 


Toward Sunset 

prompts the making is very sad, sad with a personal 
sorrow as shared by hundreds of others and a keen 
sense of gratitude for his kind and never failing interest 
in us. When yet a lad at the age of twelve, we entered 
'his institution' and for ten years we were under his 
guidance. Like all Thornwell boys and girls we learned 
to love him for he was good to us and cared for us as 
kindly as could an earthly father. Those who have 
been reared under his care know how to appreciate his 
best and we can never forget him, though he has been 
taken from us. All up and down the land 'his boys and 
girls* are heart-broken in the announcement of his 
death. At the Orphanage the young folks feel as 
though their father had been taken from them. 

"In speaking of a man like Dr. Jacobs, it is difficult 
to confine ourselves to the language of reserve and 
restraint. We find rising on our lips warm language of 
commendation of his life. For as we recall the man, 
his attainments, his high standards, his lofty character, 
his faithfulness as a minister, his love for little children, 
how true he was to civic duty, how pleasant and happy 
in social life, how simple and open-hearted, how modest 
and yet how firm for principle, how free from parade 
and ostentaition, from envy and all uncharitableness — 
when we apply to him the standard of a 'good man' 
and see how he measured up to it, we would not sup- 
press our testimony of unreserved admiration for him. 

"Dr. Jacobs loved Clinton and rejoiced in all her 
progress. In return, Clinton loved him and everybody 


Thornwell Orphanage 

was his friend. For fifty years he untiringly labored 
in this community and throughout all this long period 
of years he has always exemplified those characteristics 
that go to make a godly man and to win and hold the 
confidence and love of his fellowmen. His life has 
been one of usefulness to humanity, filled with kind 
deeds and sympathy. As the father and provider for 
300 boys and girls, he held their love and devotion and 
the progress of this institution and its work under 
his supervision is a story that needs not to be related. 
He has often expressed the hope that he would be per- 
mitted to keep up his Orphanage and pastoral work 
until the end of his life and his wish was realized. 
Though partially blind and feeble in his last days, he 
was always cheerful and happy even to the end. We 
shall greatly miss him personally, so shall his many 
friends, our town, our Orphanage, our State, our 
Church; but we know that he has gone on to that still 
better world and that all is well with his soul. The 
love and respect of the community has always been 
his and for all time will remain thus, and the memory 
of his life will always be cherished in our hearts. He 
has left behind for us all a rich legacy and his memory 
will not fade from the recollection of those who knew 
and loved him." 

Greenville Daily News. — "One of the grand old 
men of South Carolina, the Rev. Dr. William Plumer 
Jacobs, is no more. The *good gray head which all 
men knew' they shall not see again. The hearts of 


Toward Sunset 

thousands in this and other States are bowed down in 
sorrow at the death of one whose whole hfe was so 
effectively dedicated to the uplift of humanity and to 
the glory of God. The vast company of the fatherless 
and motherless for whose welfare he labored so splen- 
didly will mourn him as a father. Tested by the values 
that are eternal, Dr. Jacobs was one of the really very 
great South Carolinians of his time. He will be a 
gentle and blessed memory when the fame of many 
of his contemporaries has faded utterly. 

"Here was one indeed who lived in his house by 
the side of the road and was a friend to man. Genera- 
tions unborn will exalt his goodness and mercy. The 
two institutions which he founded, the Thornwell Or- 
phanage and the Presbyterian College of South Caro- 
lina, are enduring monuments to the great heart of this 
noble man. No other man in all the annals of South 
Carolina has more genuinely served humanity than he 
did . With courage and with far vision, he builded for 
the betterment of the world. When others were down- 
cast and of little faith, he forged onward, resolute, 
dauntless, of good hope. He is known as The Father 
of Clinton,' having had a potent influence in its ma- 
terial and moral growth. Nowhere was his nobility 
better displayed than in the Thornwell Orphanage, 
where he laid down the Golden Rule as the policy of 
the institution, regarding it as a home, not as a reform- 
ator)' or a cold, cheerless, forbidding domicile of the 


Thornwell Orphanage 

"The constructive deeds of Dr. Jacobs stamp him as 
one of the *choice and master spirits of this age.' He 
has gone, full of years, full of honor, full of tender 
love of his fellowmen. It has been fitly said that an 
institution is the lengthened shadow of one man. In 
the two institutions that he founded the spirit of Dr. 
Jacobs lives on. From generation to generation he will 
endure in the lives of men and women made better by 
the good he brought to pass. *The light he leaves 
behind him lies upon the paths of men.' " 


Chapter VI. 


IT is not over difficult to follow in the beaten 
track. It is comparatively easy to do things 
as others have done them. If your enterprise 
calls for sympathy and co-operation from large 
numbers of people, they vi^ill usually respond 
more readily if the thing is done as they have 
been accustomed to see it done. 

For a long time orphan children had been 
cared for, and cared for after well known plans. 
It was the old, as distinguished from the present 
day method. The old plan stood for an idea, a 
conception. The new method likewise repre- 
sents a conception of child nature and child 
need. The very name given in former times 
does not now commend itself. It was an 
"Orphan Asylum," "The Orphan House,*' or 
the "Rescue Home" for Orphan children. The 
children were looked upon very much as if they 
were delinquents, or worse still, as crim.inals. 
They were dressed as if they were not expected 
to have much self respect. They were fed after 


Thornwell Orphanage 

the meanest fashion. Being the wards of the 
institution they were often bound out without 
due regard to the educational and moral setting 
of the homes into which they were sent. 

A new man enters the field of orphanage ser- 
vice. He is more or less familiar with the 
method and spirit of the past and the then 
present. These serve to guide him, but to guide 
him away from the prevailing methods. That 
which seems strange is that some one had not 
thought of and put into practice some of these 
ideas long before. They seem so natural, so 
sane, so psychologically sound, so scripturally 
correct. Some of these conceptions have been 
well nigh universally accepted by social work- 
ers. The marked success of Thornwell Orphan- 
age for the fifty years of its service might in- 
dicate that some other views introduced by Dr. 
Jacobs may not be so very far wrong. 

In a little book entitled "Prayer and Work," 
Dr. Jacobs read the story of Immanuel Wichern 
of Germany and was greatly influenced by it. 
In "The Lord's Care" Doctor wrote : "In 1832 
a noble hearted German, Immanuel Wichern, 
established a home for destitute orphan children 


The Doctor's Ideals 

on a plan of his own. He was opposed to 
gathering together a great crowd of children 
into one institution, but was of the opinion that 
twenty-four were as many as ought to be col- 
lected in one building. He was also of the 
opinion that the children should be required to 
labor on the farm, in the shop and offices con- 
nected with the institution." Wichern refused 
to assume legal control of the children com- 
mitted to his care. In thirty years of Connie 
Maxwell History Rev. A. T. Jamison, an in- 
timate friend of Dr. Jacobs, writes thus: ''It 
was the life of Wichern that gave Dr. W. P. 
Jacobs the inspiration to found Thornwell Or- 
phanage. For more than forty years this great 
and good man presided over the destinies of 
Thornwell Orphanage and directed its activ- 
ities. He found many friends for the institu- 
tion, raised great sums of money, built many 
houses, and lived to see about three hundred 
boys and girls under its guardian care. He had 
some views upon the care of orphan children 
that some persons called radical, a few called 
crazy, and many called sane and Christian. 
From the first year that he began this important 


Thornwell Orphanage 

work he announced certain principles from 
which he never was known to swerve during 
a period of more than forty years of service." 
Dr. Jacobs wrote thus: '1 felt I wanted to 
swing clear away from the traditional orphan- 
age institution, and found a Home School that 
would have nothing of the employment bureau 
about it. I never could see why orphans should 
be treated like criminals, or made to feel that 
they were the objects of charity. Throw up 
your hands in holy horror at that iconoclastic 
error! But I stand to it. You shall not treat 
my children as though they deserve nothing but 
pity. They shall hold up their heads. They 
shall feel that they are men." We quote Dr. 
Jamison again: ''He insisted that an orphan 
child was as good as any child. He argued that 
a child a week after the death of the father and 
mother was the same child that he was the week 
before their death. He felt this precious child 
was loved by his parents and that if the child 
looked to them for guidance and direction and 
confided in them with a loving heart while they 
were with him, that this same affection and 
trust should be exercised by the child after their 


The Doctor's Ideals 

death and that somebody should love him in 
their stead. He refused to allow anyone to 
speak of his orphan children as waifs or un- 
fortunates. He announced that they were his 
adopted children (not technically), and that he 
proposed to give them as good care and training 
as their parents would have been glad to do, and 
that failure to provide for them would come 
only because of his inability to carry out his 
purpose for them.'* As he seeks to realize this 
ideal, it manifests itself in certain specific 

1. He adopted the cottage plan of housing 
the children . This was a pull away from the 
congregate plan. The cottage idea is now well 
nigh universally recognized as the proper 
method in caring for children. It has decided 
advantages over the old method. The Wash- 
ington Conference of Social Workers, some 
few years ago, placed its seal of approval upon 
the cottage plan. One suggested that Dr. 
Jacobs reached that conclusion fifty years ago. 

With the small cottage group there is a closer 
and more intimate personal relation between the 
matron and children and between the children 


Thornwell Orphanage 

themselves. The matron can know better and 
enter more fully into the life of her family. 
She is enabled to understand the nature, charac- 
teristics, and needs of the individual child. 
Under such conditions the real home spirit can 
be developed and maintained. This has always 
been one of the finest things about Thornwell 
Orphanage. The development of the home idea 
is suggested in the very construction of the 
cottage homes, especially the interior arrange- 
ments. The plan gives the study hall, parlor, 
guest room, and play room for small children 
on the first floor. The bed rooms are designed 
for only two or four children. They are fur- 
nished much as bed rooms in an ordinary home. 
The children have their own room, are inter- 
ested in their own furniture, and find pleasure 
in their own decorations and personal belong- 

2. Dr. Jacobs was opposed to having children 
legally bound to the institution. The present 
by-laws of Thornwell Orphanage forbid any 
officers or trustees being guardian of the person 
or property of any child who is an inmate of the 
institution. Doctor said each child must come 


The Doctor's Ideals 

voluntarily, not because the law had decreed 
that he should come. He should stay only so 
long as he is willing to remain. In this par- 
ticular Thornwell Orphanage differs from 
many others. Two apparent objections may be 
raised against this plan of non-legal relation. 
First, will not those who retain legal control 
over the children giv^e trouble and possibly re- 
move the children as soon as they are old enough 
to be of service to them. The answer is based 
on an experience of six years and the testimony 
of others who have had a much longer relation 
to the Orphanage. The interference with chil- 
dren by the legal guardians has been negligible. 
There has not been enough of that sort of thing 
to remember. The benefits and blessings of the 
Home seem to be too much appreciated. But 
if such interference should manifest itself, it is 
an easy matter to say: 'The child is yours, we 
are doing the best we can, but if you are not 
satisfied you are at liberty to remove him. That 
is the right of the guardian, but it seldom is 
done. Second, it may be thought that the child 
would need to know that he legally belongs to 
the Orphanage. Fifty years has not revealed 


Thornwell Orphanage 

such a necessity. The children soon come to 
look upon Thornwell as their home. They love 
it and seldom want to leave it. There may be 
an occasional pupil who does not like school and 
is under a fever to get out and make his own 
way. We try to help such an one into a suit- 
able position and send him out with the benedic- 
tions of the Home, just as father whose son 
gets into a like state of mind. The tie that 
binds is the tie of love. Henry Drumond says 
it is the greatest thing in the world. It is the 
strongest thing too. 

It is wondered if there is not in the above the 
revelation of a keen insight into the nature of 
young people, especially boys of the teen age. 
These boys are passing through that period in 
life which constitutes a crisis. They are rest- 
less. They chafe under restraint. They some- 
times think they are being imposed upon, do not 
get a square deal. If such boys felt they were 
bound by law to the Orphanage till they were 
eighteen, they would grow restless and fret. 
They would become unhappy. They would 
work themselves into such a state that they 
could hardly endure it. It would be a source 


The Doctor's Ideals 

of regret to feel that the boys and girls were 
here because they are bound by law. It is a sad 
state when a son in a home remains under the 
parental roof because the law says he may be 
kept till he is twenty-one. The authorities say 
to the restless boy: ''The church has provided 
this home for such as you that you may be pre- 
pared for life. It will be a source of deep 
regret if you do not take advantage of the 
opportunity, but if you do not want what is 
offered in love, if you are unhappy, if you can 
do better, very well, you are at liberty to go 
when you gain the consent of your guardian." 
They do not often avail themselves of the oppor- 

3. Dr. Jacobs was opposed to placing out 
children. "Bind them out !" he exclaims. "Nay, 
verily, not if I live to prevent it! I am writing 
this of my own flesh and blood and am not 
saying this of my orphans. And why not of my 
orphans? They are God's children and shall 
not God's children be treated as well as mine? 
The church, the dear old Presbyterian Church 
(God bless her), was to adopt these orphans, 
they were to be her own, she was to put her 


Thornwell Orphanage 

spirit into them, to give them a true home to 
educate them well and do the best for them in 
that line that could be done, and having so fitted 
them for life's work, training hand and head 
and heart to bid them God-speed as they entered 
into the battle of life. 

"But there was to be no reformatory dis- 
cipline, no law or ordinance that my own chil- 
dren could not endure." It is related that when 
people would write asking if they might adopt 
the orphans, Doctor w^ould reply by saying that 
he had none that he could give out but his own 
five. But, said he: "I do not feel that I can 
give them up.'' More than one worker in home 
placing societies has admitted the great difficulty 
of adjusting children to homes if they are six 
or eight years old or older. Up to the present 
Thornwell Orphanage has not handled children 
under school age. The statement that the Or- 
phanage is not a natural relation is freely ad- 
mitted. Adoption is not a natural relation 
either. Where the child is eight years old or 
more he is very keen to recognize the fact. 
There are children who should be adopted. 
Many agencies are doing a greatly appreciated 


The Doctor's Ideals 

work along this line, but Thornwell Orphanage 
has never done this kind of work. 

4. One rule that was rigidly enforced by Dr. 
Jacobs was that the child should be well born. 
What, not accept the opposite class ! They are 
not responsible for their presence in the world. 
Do they not present a great need, and do they 
not make a strong appeal ? Was there no sym- 
pathy in the heart of the Father of Thornwell 
Orphanage for such as these? Yes, he rec- 
ognized the need. He felt deep compassion for 
them, but he looked upon them as a special and 
peculiar class, a class for whom provision must 
be made. However, that was not the field of 
service that he had entered. That was not the 
class for whom he had founded Thornwell Or- 
phanage. He believed, and time has proved the 
correctness of his belief, that he would never 
be able to meet the demand that would be made 
on his orphanage, even with its restrictions. 
Dr. Jacobs said something like this : ^Thornwell 
Orphanage is to be a home made up of matron- 
mother and brothers and sisters. The spirit of 
such a home is a most subtile and very sensitive 
thing. That spirit is quite easily disturbed. If 


Thornwell Orphanage 

one girl who did not know her father should 
be introduced into a home of twenty girls, the 
whole spirit would be upset and largely de- 
stroyed." Some one will say such should not 
be the case. Quite true, but such is the fact. 
It is true in the ladies society in church. It is 
true in the neighborhood. Thornwell Orphan- 
age has always been fortunate in the social 
standing of the pupils. Such would not be the 
case if the rule above referred to were not en- 
forced. Our boys would not be received into 
the choice homes of the community. Young 
men from town and college would not make 
friends of our girls, if this rule did not exist. 
They would not ask our girls to become their 
wives. But for this rule, many would be handi- 
capped for the sake of the few. The class 
referred to is being provided for by certain in- 
stitutions and organizations. These are the 
children that may with profit be adopted es- 
pecially if they can be gotten while young. 

5. Doctor did not exploit his children. They 
were not sent out to give entertainments with 
a view to taking collections for their support. 
He was powerful with his pen. He presented 


T. M. Jones Miselm 
Nellie Scott Library 

M. S. Lainiiky 
Florida Cottagk 


AucvsTi>^ Home 

McCam. High Sciiook 
Cmilhrkn's Gift Academy 

Rev. L. Ross Lynn, D. D., President 

The Doctor's Ideals 

as strongly as possible the case of the fatherless 
child who had been entrusted to the care of the 
church, but he did not send the child out to make 
the appeal. The child is in the making. His 
character is in process of formation and de- 
velopment. This is a very delicate matter. In- 
fluences adverse to the proper development of 
the child might result in harm or even in disas- 
ter. This thing of putting up the child to arouse 
the sympathies of the people with a view to 
passing around the hat did not commend itself 
to Dr. Jacobs. Was he correct or not ? 

6. Dr. Jacobs established a college for the 
education of the orphans. He contended that 
they should be as well prepared for life as other 
young people. He encouraged and stimulated 
his boys and girls in this line. He recognized 
the value of this higher education. It was es- 
pecially necessary for the orphans. A child 
in the home with the sympathy of father and 
mother might meet life from the ninth or tenth 
grade, but it would be more difficult for an or- 
phan boy or girl to step out and stand alone 
and succeed. Doctor felt that the work would 
be only half done, or less, without an education 


Thornwell Orphanage 

that would fit for teaching, for nursing, for 
taking up a profession. What is the explana- 
tion of the fact that Thornwell Orphanage has 
given to the world such a fine list of trained 
men and women ? It is because they were given 
an education that fitted them for life or put 
them within reach of such fitting. 

Most of these ideas and ideals are more or 
less familiar now, but when they took shape in 
the mind of the young preacher who was be- 
ginning an orphanage back in 1875 they were 
new, if not indeed radical. 


Chapter VII. 


(Written by Prof. A. E. Spencer, LL. D.) 

WHEN in the fall of 1917 God called to 
His heavenly home Dr. Wm. P. Jacobs, 
the founder and father of the Thornwell Or- 
phanage, the first thought that came to the 
minds of the friends of that institution, after 
the immediate feeling of their own personal 
loss in the death of such a man was, ''Who will 
succeed him as President of the Orphanage?" 

Many a time Dr. Jacobs had been asked by 
his friends and by the children under his care, 
"What will become of the Orphanage at your 
death? Who will be able to take your place?" 
He used to answer that he had no fear for 
the future of the institution which under his 
management had received so many proofs of 
God's care. He did not for an instant believe 
that God W'Ould allow the Orphanage to suffer 
after his death. He was confident that the 
Heavenly Father of the orphaned children 
would raise up as his successor one who would 


Thornwell Orphanage 

be given strength to carry on the work to which 
he had devoted his own Hfe, and that that work 
would continue to prosper; for he knew that it 
was God's work. 

However, while it became the duty of the 
Board of Trustees to select a successor to Dr. 
Jacobs, it was not their idea to find someone 
who could *^take his place." They knew too 
well that his place could not be filled, that he 
had brought to a glorious conclusion the labor 
which his Heavenly Father had assigned to 
him, that he had gone to his reward, and that 
his place in the hearts of the thousands who had 
been blessed by his life ought never to be filled. 
They were to find someone who would carry 
on the work and fulfill so far as possible the 
ideals of the founder of the institution. 

Immediately after Dr. Jacobs' death, the 
management of the Orphanage was temporarily 
assumed by the Local Board, the chairman of 
which was Mr. J. F. Jacobs, Sr., Dr. Jacobs' 
oldest son. As soon as possible, a meeting of 
the Trustees was held, and at this meeting Rev. 
Wm. States Jacobs, D. D., of Houston, Texas, 
was chosen as his father's successor. The call 


Selecting a Successor 

was sent to him at once, and along with this 
call went an appeal from the elders and deacons 
of the First Presbyterian Church, of Clinton, 
which his father had served as pastor for forty- 
seven years, asking that he accept the position, 
and pledging him their cordial support. To the 
disappointment of the Trustees, Dr. States 
Jacobs declined to accept the call to take up his 
father's work, and pending the regular annual 
meeting of the Board of Trustees in June, 1918, 
the control and management of the Orphanage 
continued in the hands of the Local Board. 
These men who had been the staunch supporters 
of Dr. Jacobs through the important years 
which saw the founding and the gradual de- 
velopment of the institution now willingly did 
what they could to carry on the work until it 
could be placed in the hands of some man who 
could devote his whole time to it. The feeling 
grew, however, as the months went by, that this 
work required the full time of some earnest, 
consecrated man, and while some progress was 
made (among other things, the contract for the 
Turner Dining Hall was let and work begun on 
this central dining plant), still they felt that 


Thornwell Orphanage 

for the good of the institution some strong hand 
should be at the helm. 

On June 11, 1918, the regular annual meet- 
ing of the Board of Trustees of Thornwell 
Orphanage was held in the Nellie Scott Library, 
its usual place of meeting. This was the first 
regular meeting of the Board from which its 
founder had been absent, and a spirit of sadness 
came over the members as they thought of the 
one who was gone; and a spirit of solemnity 
was also felt as they realized the importance of 
the duty before them — the selection of his suc- 

Reports were heard as to what had been done 
by the Local Board since they had been in 
charge; other routine work was taken up and 
gotten out of the way, and then came the most 
important task, possibly, which the Board had 
ever faced. 

It is not necessary here to give in detail all 
that took place between the hours of 3 P. M., 
June 11, and 2 A. M., June 12, when the election 
was finally completed. Some of the time was 
spent in prayer, and the hearts of all present 
were praying that God would give his guidance. 


Selecting a Successor 

Three men were placed in nomination, Rev. 
D. W. Brannen, D. D., of Milledgeville, Ga., 
himself a son of the Orphanage; Rev. J. F. 
Jacobs, who had been acting as President of the 
Orphanage since the death of his father, as 
Chairman of the Local Board, and Rev. L. Ross 
Lynn, D. D., pastor of the Springfield Presby- 
terian Church of Jacksonville, Fla. Ballot after 
ballot was taken without election, until finally, 
at some time after midnight the last named. Dr. 
Lynn, was elected. He himself elsewhere in this 
volume gives us some idea of how he felt when 
this responsibility was laid upon him. Those 
who elected him left the meeting at that latt 
hour with confidence that God had answered 
their prayers and had chosen one who would be 
a worthy successor to the great founder of the 

Dr. Lynn was already familiar with the in- 
side life of the Orphanage. For several years 
he had been a representative of the Synod of 
Florida on the Board of Trustees, and he had 
been regular in attendance upon the meetings 
of the Board, and faithful in his support of the 
institution. That his election met with the ap- 


Thornwell Orphanage 

proval of hundreds of the friends of the Or- 
phanage and leaders in the work of the South- 
ern Presbyterian Church is proven by the great 
number of telegrams and letters of congratula- 
tion which were received by him as soon as the 
news of his appointment became public. An 
especially fine tribute was paid to Dr. Lynn by 
his friend and fellow-worker, Dr. Jos. G. Ven- 
able, of Jacksonville, Fla., in an article which 
was published in the "Christian Observer" of 
August 14, 1918, in which he gives to those 
who did not know Dr. Lynn a description of the 
kind of man who had just been placed in charge 
of one of the most important works in the 
bounds of our Church. We quote from this 
letter as follows : "But that which has attracted 
all who know Dr. Lynn, not only in his own 
church and denomination and city, but in other 
churches and other denominations and other 
cities, has not been any of these traits pre- 
eminently ; not his integrity, though that is un- 
questioned; not his executive ability, though 
that is rare; not his leadership, though that is 
marked; not his preaching, though that is ex- 
cellent; but the unvarying sweetness of his 


Selecting a Successor 

spirit. It would be very difficult to have any 
trouble with Dr. Lynn. He has the strongest 
convictions and will not trim them. He is not 
easily imposed upon, but he has a way about 
him that makes you know that he is square. 
You know, if you know him, that he only wants 
to do the right thing. He would do hurt to 
himself before he would willingly hurt anybody 
else. He would never do anyone an injustice 
in thought or word or deed. This is the estimate 
his brethren of the Presbytery have of him. 
This is the estimate the city of Jacksonville has 
of him. It isn't any wonder then that we smile 
to ourselves when someone wonders if he will 
make good at Thornwell. We know he will 
make good. We have no fears for the future 
of the institution under his administration. We 
loved it before — we love it better now." 

Strong commendation this, and worthy of 
belief as coming from one who knew him in- 

Perhaps it might be well here to give for the 
benefit of those who in future generations may 
read this book some short account of the man 
thus chosen to a place of so great responsibility. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

L. Ross Lynn was born on a farm in Tipton 
Co., Tennessee, 30 miles North of Memphis, on 
March 7, 1875. In other words, he is just about 
as old as the Orphanage itself. His parents, 
John Wilson Lynn and Margaret Ellen McCain 
Lynn, were descendants of Scotch-Irish and 
Scotch who settled first in Chester Co., S. C, 
and Waxhaw, N. C. The grandparents on 
both sides were among the earlier members of 
what came to be a large and influential Asso- 
ciate Reformed Presbyterian Church by the 
name of Salem, near Atoka, Tenn. 

The parents were of the ^'catechism type," 
the father being an elder in the Presbyterian 

Until Dr. Lynn was sixteen years of age most 
of his schooling was gotten during the summer 
and winter months, as he had to help with the 
farm work when needed. From sixteen to eigh- 
teen, full time was spent at the Robison High 
School conducted in the country under the 
eaves of the Salem Church. There many young 
men received their preparation for college, and 
most of them attended Erskine College, Due 
West, S. C. 


Selecting a Successor 

In 1893 he entered the Sophomore Class 
at South Western Presbyterian University, 
Clarkesville, Tenn., from which institution he 
was graduated with the degree of A. B. in 
1896, and with the degree of B. D. from the 
Seminary there in 1898. He worked hard both 
in college and in seminary, and w^as chosen 
Faculty Speaker upon his graduation. In the 
seminary he was trained by such men as Webb, 
Price, Alexander and Fogartie. In 1915, he 
was honored with the degree of D. D. from 
his Alma Mater. 

He was ordained to the ministry in the First 
Church of Savannah, Ga., in November, 1898, 
and installed as pastor of the church at Darien, 
Ga., in December of that year. After a pleasant 
pastorate of three years he took charge of a 
Home Mission group in Suwannee Presbytery, 
Fla., composed of High Springs and Mikesville. 

On November 14, 1901, he was married to 
Miss Edith Dewese, of Brighton, Tenn. To 
him and his wife have been born six children, 
five of whom are now living; the eldest, a 
daughter, having died when only three months 


Thornwell Orphanage 

old. Mrs. Lynn has been a true helper in the 
Churches and in the Orphanage. 

From 1903 until 1909, he was pastor of the 
church at Palatka, Fla., going from there to the 
Springfield Church of Jacksonville, only two 
months after its organization. This was his 
most important pastorate, and he held it for 
nine years until he gave up this work to assume 
the Presidency of the Orphanage. In these 
nine years the church, under his care, grew 
from 90 to 350 resident members and he himself 
was developed in leadership and in vision and 
interest in the whole work of the Kingdom. 

For fifteen years he was Clerk of his Presby- 
tery in Florida. He served his Synod as 
Moderator. He was a member of the General 
Assembly's Systematic Beneficence Committee 
from his Synod for four years, attending every 
meeting and giving much time and thought to 
the broader interests of the Southern Church. 
In addition to these labors and honors he had 
at the time of his election, as has already been 
said, served on the Board of Trustees of Thorn 
well Orphanage for eight years. 


Selecting a Successor 

Those who have watched for the past six 
years the growth and development of Thorn- 
well have become daily more and more con- 
vinced that the choice made in that momentous 
meeting in June, 1918, was made under divine 

So far as material development is concerned, 
the friends of Dr. Lynn and the Orphanage 
have seen much accomplished which will be 
fully described elsewhere in this volume. They 
have also been astonished at the progress which 
the institution has made along other lines. 
Every day they are more and more impressed 
with the fact that, under God's providence. 
Thornwell has been placed under the control of 
a man of God, who through trials and troubles 
which cannot be here recorded is carrying for- 
ward this great work in a manner altogether 
worthy of his great predecessor, who is main- 
taining and fulfilling the ideals on which the 
foundations of the Orphanage were laid; and 
who has proven in times of stress and difficulty 
that he places his trust in his Heavenly Father. 



Chapter VIII. 


FORTY-THREE YEARS as President of 
Thornwell Orphanage was the enviable 
record of Rev. William P. Jacobs, D. D. He 
was the only man to hold this position until the 
writer was elected by the Board in June, 1918. 
In Doctor^s own thought, in the thought of the 
workers and children alike, his relation to them 
was more like a father than a mere President. 
His strong personality and decided convictions 
as to the why and how of the institution had 
been very deeply stamped upon it. 

Some men applied for the position made 
vacant by the death of the Forty-three year 
President. But it was not in the mind of the 
writer to think of the position nor was it in his 
heart to desire it. The first suggestions as to 
the relationship were brushed aside as impos- 
sible. In all sincerity let it be written, this was 
considered impossible. A service of eight years 
on the Board of Trustees had given no intimate 
knowledge of the intricate problems and tre- 

[ 126 ] 

Seven Years 

mendous responsibilities of the position. Twenty 
years in the pastorate had furnished some ex- 
perience in dealing with people, both older and 
younger. The pastoral relation had always 
been pleasant and the service demanded had 
been performed with real joy. But this did not 
seem to afford any special training for the 
leadership and management of so great and so 
unique a thing as Thornwell Orphanage. 

Yet the Board called this man with all his 
inexperience and limitations to this position of 
responsibility and honor. It is one of the most 
honorable in the church. What considerations 
led to the decision to accept this call? First, 
the Board had been unable for eight months to 
center upon a man. All the while many earnest 
prayers had been going up to the God of the 
fatherless for his suggestion and guidance. 
Second, there was a very remarkable manifes- 
tation of providence in the meeting of the Board 
itself. Third, the opportunity for service 
seemed wonderful. One of the Church secre- 
taries wrote, "There is not a finer field of ser- 
vice in the whole church." A congregation of 
devoted, loyal, loving people in a great growing 


Thornwell Orphanage 

city were set over against the Orphanage church 
and family. The two were about the same in 
number, but it was realized that the relationship 
at the Orphanage as President and pastor of 
the Thornwell Memorial Church would come 
to be closer and more potential for good than 
the pastorate. So it came to pass that, away 
past midnight, acceptance was announced be- 
fore the Board adjourned. 

Never, never, shall words be found with 
which to express the innermost feelings of soul 
as the realization of what had been done 
dawned. Entertainment as a member of the 
Board had been provided at the Lesh Infirmary. 
Not ten minutes of sleep came that night. Re- 
peated prayers went out to God for grace and 
wisdom for the great undertaking. 

The treasury was empty. The trying months 
of summer were ahead. Every prospect in- 
dicated that receipts would not be sufficient to 
meet running expenses. The Board made pro- 
vision for borrowing $5,000, if it should be 
needed to tide over the summer months. The 
one repeated prayer during that first summer 
was, "Lord, set the seal of thine approval upon 


Seven Years 

this election by enabling us to pass the summer 
without a deficit in the current support ac- 
count." The Lord answered that prayer. How 
that strengthened courage and faith! 

The Lynn family consisting of husband, wife 
and five children, drove into the Orphanage by 
automobile from Jacksonville, Fla., on July 4th, 
1918, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon. On reach- 
ing the campus the first sight that greeted our 
eves was the blackened and charred condition 
of the Home of Peace. On the day before, it 
had been damaged by fire to the extent of $1,- 
800.00. The campus seemed rather like a de- 
serted village. Most of the children had gone 
for a picnic at Riverside. 

On the morning of July 5th Rev. J. F. Jacobs, 
who had been representing the Local Board re- 
linquished the management into the hands of 
the new President. 

Of course there was a first letter. It had to 
come from someone. It was a comfort and 
inspiration and it shall never be forgotten. It 
came from a South Carolina preacher who was 
not personally known. It contained a warm- 
hearted word of welcome to the Synod and to 


Thornwell Orphanage 

this new position. It gave assurance of hearty 
co-operation and prayers. The letter closed by 
stating that a friend of his was going to send 
$1,000.00 in War Saving Stamps for the En- 
dowment within a few days. And this was 
done. Who would not have been touched and 
strengthened by such a letter ? 

Taking hold was all new. It was all strange. 
It was all mystifying. But there was carried 
over from the former administration a number 
of workers and some of them had been reared 
in the Orphanage. They were thoroughly 
familiar with the life and work of the Institu- 
tion. They were sympathetic and ready to help. 
Mr. George Flanagan was assistant to the Pres- 
ident. He was reared in the Home. He had 
been foreman in the printing shop and had been 
advanced to this more responsible position. Mr. 
Flanagan was considerate, tireless in his eflf orts, 
loyal to the new administration and was a great 
help during these first few months. Miss Cas- 
sie Oliver was a daughter of the Orphanage, 
had been in charge of the Lesh Infirmary, was 
nurse and companion to Dr. Jacobs during his 
last feeble months. After his death she became 


Seven Years 

office Secretary and Treasurer. She was in this 
position at the coming of the new President. 
She was unselfish, gentle, most agreeable to 
work with. She loved the Orphanage better 
than she loved her own life. Her familiarity 
with the organization and office routine made it 
easier for the new President to take hold. 

Plant and equipment — The Home of Peace, 
which had been damaged by fire, had to be re- 
paired and refurnished in time for the opening 
of school in September. For the most part the 
other buildings on the grounds were in good 
condition. However, all the homes needed addi- 
tional bathroom facilities. There were no fire 
escapes, yet the children slept on the third floor 
in most of the homes. Many of the homes 
needed refurnishing very badly. Especially 
were beds and mattresses needed, as indicated 
by the report of the Inspection Committee under 
date of October, 1919. 

Rev. J. F. Jacobs as chairman made the fol- 
lowing report, "In the Anita Home we find the 
beds in a rather bad condition, due to misfit of 
springs which seem to be rather too large for 
the beds. The children are sleeping at varying 

[ 131 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

angles, few being level. Something should be 
done to have the springs adjusted to the beds. 
The mattresses are, in some cases, in bad con- 
dition and should be replaced/' Had this in- 
spection been extended to some of the other 
homes equally bad conditions would have been 
found. These statements are no reflection on 
Dr. Jacobs. For several years before his death 
he was feeble, deaf, and almost blind. He was 
not able to keep up with these details as he once 
did. It was rather the policy of his devoted 
workers to shield him from anything that would 
cause him worry or anxiety. 

Shortly after the death of Dr. Jacobs, the 
acting President, Rev. J. F. Jacobs, became con- 
vinced that the method of preparing the meals 
at a central kitchen and sending them out to the 
various homes was not and could not be satis- 
factory. With the approval of the Local Board 
the central kitchen-dining room was started 
with $10,000 in hand whereas the building com- 
pleted and furnished was to cost upward of 
$30,000. When turned over to the new ad- 
ministration the foundation walls were about 
even with the top of the ground and consider- 


Seven Years 

able material was on hand. The European war 
was on and building costs went skyward. When 
completed and furnished the building cost about 
$45,000. With the old assembly hall section to 
which it was added it made a $50,000 building 
and equipment. This contract was let on the 
cost plus 10 per cent, basis. The responsibility 
for financing this enterprise fell to the lot of the 
new Orphanage head. In this the Board read- 
ily co-operated. 

We w^ould record our appreciation of the 
fact that Mr. Jacobs began this building. While 
waiting for its completion it came to be felt that 
the old plan of meal preparation and service was 
intolerable. Yet w^ith war conditions prevail- 
ing the new head would not have had the cour- 
age to launch so great an undertaking as the 
Turner building. 

Among Orphanage workers there is a differ- 
ence of opinion as to whether there should be a 
central dining hall. The weight of opinion 
seems to be in favor of the cottage as the com- 
plete unit with meals prepared and served in 
the individual cottages. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

The central dining hall has some decided ad- 
vantages. Through its use the unity of the big 
family is better preserved. The meeting of all 
three times a day gives this sense of oneness 
to the family. It puts the head of the institu- 
tion in daily touch with the entire family. At 
the close of breakfast chapel services are held. 
He and they face each other and all look up to 
the great Father asking his forgiveness and 
favor. This is a privilege the Thornwell Pres- 
ident would not want to forego. 

While cooking in large quantities is difficult, 
it IS easier to secure one or two efficient work- 
ers in this line than to find sixteen matrons who 
can or will do this work in the homes. It is well 
known that with the same supplies furnished 
the individual cottages, because of the efficiency 
of the matron in this respect, some live much 
better than others. Several years ago a number 
of cases of pellagra developed in one of the Or- 
phanages. It was very noticeable that not a 
single case developed in a certain cottage. The 
central kitchen-dining room can maintain a 
standard for the whole number of children. 


Seven Years 

Epidemics — While in this state of newness 
the Orphanage passed through two trying epi- 
demics. During the first fall the Influenza 
swept over the country. The big family did not 
escape. On every hand workers and children 
fell a prey to this dreaded disease. It came in 
like a tidal wave. The school was suspended. 
The Infirmary was full to capacity, every home 
on the grounds became a hospital. The trained 
nurse became ill and it was impossible to secure 
another. All regular lines of endeavor were 
suspended. The well gave themselves to the 
care of the sick. Dr. John Young, the Physi- 
cian, gave most of his time to the care of the 
family. One of the older Infirmary girls 
visited all the homes daily, took temperatures 
and gained other information and reported the 
cases of need to the Doctor. The order was 
that with the first indication of "flu" the patient 
should go to bed and stay there until dismissed 
by the physician. As nearly as could be counted 
there were two hundred and twenty cases. So 
rapidly did it work that only seven days were 
lost from school. In answer to many prayers 


Thornwell Orphanage 

^ the Father was very gracious. There was not 
a single death among the children or workers. 

Later in the winter smallpox stalked in. A 
local physician was called to see a patient in 
town who proved to be a mother of a girl in 
the Orphanage. The patient was not very ill, 
but the case was diagnosed as smallpox. She 
replied, ''No Doctor, I aint got no smallpox; I 
done had smallpox four years ago. No sir, I 
done had smallpox." The patient was urged to 
stay in her room until a second visit could be 
made by the physician. The first call was made 
on Friday. On Sabbath when the second call 
was made it was discovered that the patient had 
gone on Saturday to visit her daughter at the 
Orphanage and in a home where there were 
twenty-two other children. The case was re- 
ported, but the damage was done. The germs 
had been spread. A wholesale vaccination was 
resorted to but few ''took" and we wound up 
the business after having sixteen cases. The 
Gordon Cottage was made the "pest house." 
All the children known to have been exposed 
were isolated at the Infirmary. Panic reigned 
for a time. 


Seven Years 

Too much praise cannot be given to Mrs. 
Lybrand, matron of the Gordon Cottage, who 
remained at her post ; and to Miss Laura Lynch, 
a teacher, and to Opal Chamblee, an older girl. 
The latter two had had smallpox and volun- 
teered to go in and see the business through. 
Right faithfully and loyally did they stand by 
the job. 

These tw^o experiences created within us a 
spirit of utter helplessness and compelled a feel- 
ing of dependence upon God. 

During these seven years the general health 
of the children has been good. There have been 
a few broken arms, two brokn legs, and a num- 
ber of operations of various sorts performed by 
the best surgeons in this section of the state, 
who have freely given their service. 

The death angel has knocked at our door six 
times since June, 1918. Gordon Corley, a high 
school boy, who was looking forward to the 
Gospel ministry, died of blood poison. Nell 
Fleidner, a girl of twelve, was burned to death. 
Just before the fatal accident she received a 
Bible for the perfect recitation of the Shorter 
Catechism. She loved her Bible and her Savior. 

[ 137 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

Phillip Jamieson, a boy of seventeen, died of an 
internal hemmorrhage. He had been a model 
boy in the Institution and was an earnest Chris- 
tian. Then three earnest and faithful workers 
were called to their reward. Mrs. Cameron 
Ewart, after a few months' service at the In- 
firmary, Mrs. Bessie Hackney Barnwell, after 
eight years as matron, and Mr. W. R. Temple- 
ton, after twenty years as foreman of the Shoe 
shop. "We sorrow not as those who have no 
hope for we do believe that Jesus died and rose 
again and that them that sleep in Jesus will God 
bring with him." 

It should be known that the sorrow and grief 
experienced at the passing away of a member 
of "our family" is very like that of those who 
lose their very own flesh and blood. The family 
tie and spirit are very strong and very beautiful. 

School — The two regnant ideas with Dr. 
Jacobs were that this should be a home and 
school. The educational side was always em- 
phasized. These children were to have a chance 
for life preparation as good as the best. They 
were not to be handicapped by anything less. 
The Presbyterian Church had taken the place 


Seven Years 

of the parents and it wanted the children equip- 
ped for life. 

There was maintained in the Orphanage a 
college above the high school which granted the 
A. B. degree. Dr. Jacobs stood strongly for 
the college. 

But it was recognized that high school and 
college standards were being raised. With the 
teaching force which could be commanded at 
the salaries paid and with the inadequate equip- 
ment, it was realized that we would soon find 
ourselves doing work for which credit could not 
be secured. After completing the Orphanage 
college course it required two years to complete 
the A. B. course at Presbyterian College. 

And further, the same church which owns 
and controls the Orphanage owns the Presby- 
terian College just across the street. To this 
the boys could go and as a matter of fact did 
go even before graduating at the Orphanage 
college. For ten years before suspending the 
College not a single boy completed the pre- 
scribed Orphanage course. Financially it was 
a heavy expense. All the girls who are pre- 
pared for and should go to college, could be 


Thornwell Orphanage 

directly financed from the Orphanage funds at 
less expense. As a matter of fact such girls as 
have gone to college have been almost wholly 
provided for by churches and individuals v/ho 
are especially interested, and an endowment is 
being built up for this purpose. 

The girls in college elsewhere get into a new 
environment, form new associates, as well as 
gain a better education than the Thornwell 
College could give. 

It became the decided opinion that it would be 
wise to suspend the college. By order of the 
Board this was done June, 1920. The best 
possible efforts were to be put into making the 
High School measure up to the standard. A 
capable and experienced man was secured as 
Superintendent for the school. Trained and 
experienced assistants were secured. The 
Thornwell Orphanage school has gained the 
recognition sought. It has been put on the list 
of accredited High Schools by the State. 

It is a well defined conviction that a better 
fitting for life can be given here than in the 
average public school. The teachers are the 
equal of the public school teachers. 


Seven Years 

Through the farm, dairy, poultry yard, shop, 
laundry and printing shop for the boys, and the 
sewing room, laundry, kitchen, dining room, 
infirmary, and office for the girls there is an 
opportunity for vocational training that the 
public school can hardly give. On the other 
hand the Bible and Catechisms of the church 
have a place in the course of study. The Word 
of God is the basis of character and character 
is the supreme need of the church aird state 
today. Men like Babson are putting great em- 
phasis on this in recent years. 

The large number of Orphanage boys and 
girls who attend college carry the work in a 
manner that is satisfactory to the Institutions 
and gratifying to the Orphanage authorities. 

To be successful any enterprise must have 
someone who can be looked to and held respon- 
sible for shaping policies and working out 
plans. This conception had always prevailed at 
Thornwell as show^n by the Constitution and in 
the practical management of the Institution. 

The new President was elected under the 
charter and constitution which had been granted 
in 1909. It was clear in its grant of authority 


Thornwell Orphanage 

to the President, especially concerning matters 
of discipline. 

Practically all the children had petitioned the 
Board to elect another man President. At the 
first they resented the coming of one not of 
their choosing. They had come to believe that 
the President had little or no authority in mat- 
ters of discipline. 

It became necessary for the Local Board to 
assert itself clearly on the matter. The Presi- 
dent was sustained by the Local Board in his 
interpretation of the Constitution and By-Laws. 

But now over against a resentful and rebel- 
lious spirit of the first two years has come a 
spirit of co-operation, sympathy and love. It 
is a joy to note and bear testimony to the 
changed attitude and spirit. A walk across the 
campus furnishes all the evidence needed. 

What has been accomplished? What has 
been done to indicate that the Orphanage has 
been maintained or enlarged? 

As to the physical equipment, some notice- 
able and greatly needed improvements have 
been made. Practically all the homes have been 
furnished with beds and mattresses. We are 


Seven Years 

trying to use standard single beds. Two good 
trustees in Florida started the work by raising 
funds for fifty beds and mattresses. 

Fire escapes have been placed on all homes 
where children sleep on third floors. 

In 1918 no home for either boys or girls had 
a private bath for the matron. Since that time 
every home has been so provided and with ad- 
ditional bath room facilities for the children; 
some $5,000.00 having been expended for these 

The Fowler Cottage, which was formerly 
used as a kitchen, has been transformed and 
fitted up for a boys* cottage. 

The magnificent Turner Kitchen-Dining 
room, which was begun in the spring of 1918, 
was carried to completion and paid for and has 
been in use since October, 1919. This is the 
most important addition made in many years. 
The sewerage and campus drainage have been 
improved at a cost of $8,000. New printing 
equipment has been provided at a cost of $6,000. 
The $5,000 M. S. Bailey Laundry was erected 
in 1922, and new laundry equipment costing 
$9,000 has been installed. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

The Louise Mayes Memorial Cottage for 
babies and small children has been erected and 
equipped at a cost of over $35,000.00. 

Two hundred acres of farm lands adjoining 
the Orphanage have been secured on very 
advantageous terms from Mr. Geo. W. Young. 
In this transaction a gift of $6,000 was made 
by Mr. Young. This gives the Institution three 
hundred acres in one tract. 

Within these seven years approximately 
$100,000.00 have been added to the endowment 
fund which now amounts to upward of $300,- 
000.00. The salaries of matrons were increased 
from $20.00 to $40.00 and of teachers from 
$25.00 and $30.00 to $60.00 and $70.00. 

Since June, 1918, about three hundred new 
children have had a place in the Institution. It 
has been our blessed privilege to help provide 
them a home, and schooling and bestow upon 
them a father's affectionate interest and love. 
One has graduated from the Theological Semi- 
nary and is now preaching the unsearchable 
riches of Christ. Two others will complete pre- 
paration for this high and holy calling in May, 


Georgia Home 
The Tech 

President's Home 
Thorn'well Memorial Ciurch 

Seven Years 

Responding to the teachings and example of 
the Godly matrons and teachers and being led, 
as we believe, by the Holy Spirit, some two hun- 
dred have made a profession of faith in Christ 
and have united with the church. 

In our thought of our own institution there 
has been a desire to try to further the interest 
of Orphanage work throughout the whole 
church. It has been our pleasure to co-operate 
with others in the way indicated in the follow^- 
ing letter. 

Louisville, Ky., October 30, 1922. 
Rev. L. Ross Lynn, D. D., 
Thornwell Orphanage, 
Clinton, S. C. 
My Dear Dr. Lynn : 

We want to thank you most cordially for your 
statesmanlike suggestion of an Orphanage Number for 
the Missionary Survey for November. It has been a 
great pleasure to co-operate with you in making this a 
success. The material which you liave secured is read- 
able and inspiring. I am confident it will be read and 
that it will be used of God in arousing a deeper interest 
in the future orphan children of the Presbyterian 

You have been a pioneer in another line which has 


Thornwell Orphanage 

resulted in quickening the interest of thousands of 
people in the orphanage work. While we had been 
considering the work for the orphans at our conference 
at Montreat not until you requested did we set aside a 
whole amount during the general conference on Chris- 
tian Education and Ministerial Relief for this work. 
The pageants, the addresses, and the conferences that 
you have thus inspired will continue to produce results 
throughout the coming years. 

We are all delighted that in addition to the broad 
work which the Synods have placed upon you as Presi- 
dent of Thornwell Orphanage you have found time to 
make these large contributions to this important work 
in every Synod of the General Assembly. 

That God may continue his rich blessings upon your 
life and labors and give you strength sufficient for 
your large task is the earnest prayer of, 

Your sincere friend, 

Henry H. Sweets. 

Possibly the most important thing accom- 
plished has been the shattering of all spirit of 
self -sufficiency and the forcing more and more 
of the feeling of absolute dependence on God. 
Just as on that first night there was a crying 
out unto Him, so again and again and still 
again we have been driven into His presence 


Seven Years 

seeking wisdom to know the right and the 
strength to do it. 

God has been asked to direct us to the work- 
ers as they have been needed from time to time. 
He has been pleaded with to feed and clothe the 
fatherless children. Their Salvation from sin 
has been sought at His hands. 

What a wonderful Father He is to the father- 
less children. What a wonderful helper He is 
to those who would seek to help them ! 

If anything worthwhile has been accom- 
plished it has been due to the blessings of God 
and the loyal support of capable and consecrated 
workers. It would be a pleasure to mention all 
of them. We can mention but four. 

In May, 1919, Mr. C. A. Flemming, an 
Erskine College graduate and a teacher of ex- 
perience, succeeded Mr. Flanagan as assistant 
to the President. Later he was given the addi- 
tional responsibilities of Treasurer. He has 
been most faithful and efficient. He has taken 
much of the details, and acts for the President 
as he has to be away from the campus. 

Prof. S. B. Hayes, a teacher of experience 
and marked success, came as Superintendent of 


Thornwell Orphanage 

the School work in 1921 and has greatly 
strengthened this department. 

Mrs. A. M. Copeland was transferred from 
the school to the position of Head Matron. The 
lock room from which supplies for the homes 
and clothes for the children are issued is under 
her charge. She is also the intermediary be- 
tween supporting people and individual children. 

The establishment of this position and the 
work done by the incumbent has added to the 
efficiency and economy of the Institution. 

Miss Caroline Dugan is a daughter of the 
Orphanage, a graduate of the College Depart- 
ment, and has been the efficient bookkeeper since 
June, 1920. She has handled both the support 
and the endowment funds. Her books have 
always been models for neatness and accuracy. 
She is patient ever. She knows how to keep her 

With the President these constitute a sort of 
conference committee on the internal affairs 
of the Orphanage. 


Chapter IX. 


WHEN the new President assumed charge 
of the Orphanage in 1918, there was a 
question in the minds of many as to whether he 
would change the policy and spirit of the institu- 
tion from that of Dr. Jacobs. That question 
was in the minds of the alumni and many 
friends. Rightly they had the highest possible 
regard for the Home as they knew it. The 
alumni wanted to think of and love it as they 
left it. 

Yes, changes were introduced. It could not 
be otherwise. Yet that which is the Institution, 
its spirit, its atmosphere, its ideal, its purpose, 
its religion, has not been changed. 

An institution is a living thing as truly as a 
plant, an animal, or a person. In the natural 
processess of growth and development it puts 
off that which has been outgrown and served 
its purpose. It takes on that which becomes 
necessary for its life and growth. But it re- 
mains the same institution with the same life 


Thornwell Orphanage 

and fulfilling the same God appointed mission. 
William P. Anderson, the husband, the father, 
the business man, the ruling elder in the Presby- 
terian Church, the member of the Board of 
Trustees of Thornwell Orphanage, is the same 
person, who as little Willie, gave the first fifty 
cents for the Orphanage back in the early seven- 
ties. Through all these years his identity has 
remained, yes, and his spirit too. Of course 
Anderson has changed, but he is still the same. 
Just so it may be with an institution that has 
had a continuous existence for fifty years. Just 
so it has been with Thornwell Orphanage. 

Attention is directed to the fact that Dr. 
Jacobs himself introduced important changes 
as the years passed. They were called for by 
the growth of the Institution and the changed 
conditions through which they were passing. 
In its very beginning the session of the Clinton 
Presbyterian Church planned and inaugurated 
the Orphanage. Then a Board of Visitors was 
constituted. This Board conducted the Or- 
phanage for some years, but the property was 
held by the trustees of the Presbyterian Church. 


Changed Yet Unchanged 

By an act of the General Assembly of South 
Carolina the Board of Visitors became an in- 
corporated body in 1895 and the Clinton Church 
transferred the property to the said Board. 
But this did not in any wise interrupt the life 
or change the spirit of the Institution. The 
charter was changed again in 1909. The Board 
of Visitors was supplanted by a Board of Trus- 
tees which was differently constituted from the 
former Board. The Synods of South Carolina, 
Georgia, and Florida were to select seven, five, 
and three trustees respectively. 

Coming together these were to select twelve 
local men, ministers, elders or deacons. These 
twenty-seven were privileged under the charter 
to select one trustee from each of the remaining 
synods of the Southern Presbyterian Church. 
This was done. This far-reaching change did 
not touch the fundamental life at the Institutioa 
The same great President directed its destinies. 
The same ideals were held up. The same spirit 
prevailed. The same devoted people, in grow- 
ing numbers, loved and supported it. 

The great change of necessity came when Dr. 
Jacobs was transferred from the heart of this 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Home to his heavenly home. There could be 
found no other man like him. There was no 
other like him. It would have been passing 
strange if any one had thought that there was 
to be found another Dr. Jacobs. It is very 
likely that any one who might have felt him- 
self like him would have been most unlike him. 
Least of all did the new President feel that he 
was or could be like the Doctor, or could do the 
work as he did it. The best that he could hope 
was to put himself in the hands of the God of 
Dr. Jacobs and be used by Him as might be 

The charter was changed in 1920. But action 
was taken by the Synod of South Carolina at 
its session in 1917, eight months before the 
present President was elected, looking toward a 
change of charter. It was changed because Dr. 
Jacobs was gone, and it was felt to be necessary 
to preserve the Institution to the high ideals and 
noble purposes as entertained by its illustrious 
founder. There was no thought of changing 

With the constitution of the Board of Trus- 
tees as above set forth, it was felt by good 


Changed Yet Unchanged 

attorneys who were at the same time true 
friends of the Orphanage, that the ownership 
and control was not in the Synods, but in the 
hands of a self-perpetuating board. That was 
their well defined fear. The way of Union 
Seminary in New York and the more recent 
drift of Vanderbilt University away from the 
Southern Methodist Church caused thoughtful 
and conscientious men to seek those changes 
that would forever safeguard this Institution so 
dear to the heart of the Presbyterian Church. 

It is safe to assert that Dr. Jacobs always 
intended that the Orphanage should belong to 
the Presbyterian Church. On September 1, 
1872, the session of the Clinton Presbyterian 
Church had before it the question of co-operat- 
ing in maintaining the Palmetto Orphan 
House. The following record was made : ''Dur- 
ing the discussion which ensued the formation 
of an Orphan's Home under Presbyterian con- 
trol, to be located in Clinton, was suggested. 
The Synod of South Carolina approved the 
proposition to establish Thornwell Orphanage 
under the care of the Presbyterians of the 
state." Under date of October 22, 1872. Dr. 

[ 153 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

Jacobs, S. L. West, and J. J. Boozer wrote in 
the Southern Presbyterian: "We propose that 
this Orphanage shall be a Presbyterian Orphan- 
age. On October 21, 1872, the session adopted 
a series of resolutions of which the following 
is one: 'In order that the institution may be 
under Presbyterian auspices, the appointment 
of the above officers shall be placed in the hands 
of the Synod of South Carolina, or if declined 
by them in the hands of the Clinton Presby- 
terian Church/' It is morally certain that the 
Synods in accepting the trust under the charters 
of 1895 and 1909 felt that the Orphanage was 
to be owned and controlled by them. It is rea- 
sonably certain that this was the understanding 
of Dr. Jacobs himself. While acting Presi- 
dent, Rev. J. F. Jacobs prepared copy for an 
Orphanage folder. Under the head : "A Church 
Institution," he said: "The Thornwell Or- 
phanage was founded by Rev. W. P. Jacobs, 
D. D. It later became the property of the joint 
Synods of South Carolina, Georgia, and 

Understanding the dangers that might arise 
from technicalities in the law and fearing the 


Changed Yet Unchanged 

contingencies of a changing future, steps were 
taken which resulted in putting the Institution 
absolutely in the hands of the three Synods for 
ownership and control. Under the new charter 
all the trustees are elected directly by the Synods 
and are responsible to them. They are elected 
for a term of five years. 

In order to guarantee the titles to the Or- 
phanage as the true and legal successor of them 
under the former charter, a special act of the 
legislature was passed and approved February 
24, 1921. 

Section 1. "That the charter granted and 
issued by the Secretary of State to Thornwell 
Orphanage bearing the date of the 8th day of 
June, 1920, and all proceedings and acts incident 
to the granting and issuance thereof, are here- 
by approved, ratified, and confirmed." 

Section 2. "That the corporation named and 
described as Thornwell Orphanage in said 
charter granted and issued by the Secretary of 
State shall be held, deemed, and considered the 
same corporation named and described as the 
Board of Trustees of Thornwell Orphanage in 
an act of the General Assembly — approved 

[ 155 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

February 23, 1909, and that the said charter 
granted and issued by the Secretary of State 
shall be held and construed as an amendment of 
said charter — and all gifts, grants, devises, 
legacies and bequests thereto are made or in- 
tended for the objects and purposes for which 
the said corporation was created, shall take 
effect in all respects just as if said charter 
granted by the General Assembly had not been 
amended as aforesaid and the name of the 
corporation changed." 

Another change which seemed decisive was 
made by the Board in June, 1920, when the col- 
lege department of the school was suspended. 
Why was this done and what did it signify? 
The entire course for high school and college 
covered fourteen years — ten for the high school 
and four for the college. With the raising of 
educational standards we found ourselves un- 
able to secure recognition for ours as a standard 
high school for the ten years work. With col- 
lege standards raised, we found that we were 
unable to do standard work with our inadequate 
equipment, limited teaching force, and pitifully 
small salaries paid the teachers. Conditions in 


Changed Yet Unchanged 

the sphere of education had changed. The 
simple question was: Should the Orphanage 
change to meet the new conditions or remain as 
it was and thereby handicap her children by 
offering a high school that could not reach the 
standard and a college course far short of what 
is now recognized as requisite for an A. B. 
degree. In this action suspending the college 
the Board was guided by Dr. Jacobs' ideal and 
moved by his spirit, namely, to offer to the 
orphan children a life preparation as good as 
others have. So in making the change only 
two grades were taken off the school. The high 
school course was carried through the twelfth 
grade. This enables the school to do a grade 
of work for which the state authorities now 
give recognition and credit. It is now a stand- 
ard fifteen unit high school. The boys who are 
prepared for and want to attend college may 
attend the Presbyterian College just across the 
street. As a matter of fact, the most of them 
did that even before the Orphanage college was 

The Board made provision for sending the 
prepared and ambitious girls to college, by in- 


Thornwell Orphanage 

teresting friends and churches and by securing 
the co-operation of the colleges themselves. 
They have been very helpful. There was also 
in mind an endowment for this purpose and this 
effort has been quite successful. It now amounts 
to $15,000.00. We are led to believe there will 
be further additions to the fund. Since the new 
plan has been put into operation, every girl who 
has been prepared and wanted to go to college 
has been able to do so. These girls express 
their great delight and appreciation of this 
added opportunity which has been made pos- 
sible by the Orphanage through the abolition 
of the college. It is indeed interesting to report 
that some ten boys and ten girls are now in 

The real fact is that the standard has not 
been lowered but raised. But the fundamental 
thing in an institution is its spirit, its atmos- 
phere, the morale of the students, their attitude 
towards the institution, their outlook on life. 

The children of today love the Orphanage as 
of old. They respect, honor and love the of- 
ficers. They have due regard for the rules of 
the home. A teacher of experience said: "I 

[ 158 ] 

Changed Yet Unchanged 

have never seen greater loyalty to the admin- 
istration any where." The bounding of the 
children toward the President as he passes and 
the scramble for his fingers speaks volumes. 
This is very like former days. 

The religious spirit has not been changed. 
The same high type of devoted Christian work- 
ers are in the Orphanage. The same high ideals 
and standards are held before the children. 

All this has been and is yielding fruit. Dur- 
ing the past six years two hundred children 
have been moved to give their hearts to Christ 
and have united with the church. One young 
man has completed his Seminary course and is 
now preaching the gospel. Two others will 
finish their preparation May, 1925, and enter 
upon the preaching of the gospel as their life 
work. Other young men of college and high 
school declare it as their purpose to give them- 
selves to the work of the ministry. 

Love for God and a sincere love of children 
are the dominant things in Thornwell Orphan 
age. These meet a ready response on the part 
of the children. It is changed, yet it is un- 


Chapter X. 


DR. RUDOLPH R. REEDER, for many 
years Superintendent of the New York 
Orphan Asylum, made that Institution famous 
through his book entitled, "How Two Hundred 
Children Live and Learn." The reading of that 
book suggested the above chapter heading. 

At Thornwell Orphanage it is the living and 
learning of 375 children. 

It is the design of this chapter to give a pen 
picture of the daily life of the children and try 
to show how they learn in and through this life. 

It is realized that no adequate impression can 
be given. In order to get and hold a mental 
picture of the place it must be seen. How fre- 
quently visitors exclaim : "I had no idea it was 
like this !" Many of them have been long time 
friends and constant readers of the literature 
going out from the office. 

It is remarkable how many people seem still 
to think that the entire Orphanage family lives 


Turner Kitchen-Dining Hall 
Lesh Infirmary 

A CoRNKw OF Poultry Yard 
Thk Dairy Hkrd 

Living and Learning 

in one big dormitory or at most two, one for the 
girls and one for the boys. 

From the first Dr. Jacobs put the emphasis on 
the small family group. This more nearly ap- 
proximates the normal family and is more near- 
ly the ideal for the orphan children. Over and 
over again he wrote of this. Over and over 
again he wrote of the cottages by name. In 
almost every annual report he gave the pictures 
of the cottages with some such designations as 
the following: ''A home for little girls," "A 
boys' cottage," ''Where the big girls live." 

The founder of Thornwell Orphanage was a 
pioneer in leading away from the congregate 
plan of housing orphan children. No, there are 
not two great big houses in which the children 
live but sixteen. Not over thirty children are 
found in any home. The buildings are as 
nearly like the average family home in interior 
arrangements as it has been possible to make 

There are the living room and study hall, the 
parlor, the guest room, the play room for small 
children and the sleeping rooms. There is not 
one big sleeping room with rows of beds, but 


Thornwell Orphanage 

no other furnishings. The sleeping rooms are 
only large enough to care comfortably for two 
or four children. 

In addition to the beds, mostly single, there 
is a dresser with a mirrow, a wash-stand, and 
chairs. This is "their room'' just as the room 
occupied by the daughter is "her room.'' They 
keep their personal belongings and decorate 
their rooms according to taste. 

Over each home a matron presides. She is 
selected because of her qualifications to perform 
the part of a mother to the children. She must 
be a woman of intelligence, refinement, strength 
of character with a love of God and children in 
her heart. It is touching to observe the warm 
attachment and deep affection existing between 
the matron-mother and "her children." That 
between parent and child seldom surpasses this 
in its manifestation. There is the same freedom 
and ease that the average child feels in his own 

How the children live and learn may be shown 
by presenting "a day at the Orphanage." 

There is no confusion, no panic or pandemon- 
ium. Quiet, order, and system mark the place. 


Living and Learning 

There is a place for everyone and everyone is 
in that place, except when a cog slips as some- 
times happens with the best machinery. 

The important principle of division of labor 
and its necessary consequent co-operation, finds 
a beautiful expression. 

The officials select twelve of the older and 
more responsible girls as monitors. They are 
called Junior Officers. They are so selected that 
six work in the mornings and six in the after- 
noons. Each monitor stands at the head of 
seven assistants who are called her "set." The 
names of all girls available for morning and 
afternoon work are placed upon a blackboard 
and the monitors in turn select their own help- 
ers. This is done just before the opening of 
school in September. To the girls this selection 
of sets is most interesting and important. The 
twelve sets are distributed for work in the fol- 
lowing departments: Kitchen, dining room, 
dishwashing, laundry, sewing room and homes. 
Six sets do the work in the morning and the 
others in the afternoon. These groups hold 
their respective places for one month. On the 
twentieth of each month a shift is made. Each 

[ 163 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

group has worked in all the departments in six 
months or two months in each within a year. 

In addition eight girls work regularly at the 
Infirmary and four girls in the office. The latter 
study shorthand and carry the general corres- 
pondence of the office. Since the installation of 
the linotype in the printing office some of the 
girls may be given this training. This work is 
opening up more and more to young women. 

The boys from about twelve years and over 
are distributed according to the needs of the 
departments and the age and aptitude of the 
boys as far as possible. The boys are assigned 
to the farm, dairy, poultry yard, general shop, 
printing shop and yard. 

The daily work period for the children is 
three and one-half hours. The school period 
is the same. 

The younger children, both boys and girls, 
are the home keepers except in the homes where 
the set girls live. The little boys are called 
**house cats'' by their fellows. It is the am- 
bition of every "house cat'' to get large enough 
to be placed in the departments. 


Living and Learning 

The first sign of life about the Orphanage is 
the stirring of a fourteen-year-old boy in re- 
sponse to his alarm clock. He leaves his home 
at that early hour and makes his way to the 
Turner Kitchen to start the fires in the range 
and furnace. The fires being started he calls 
the monitor and her first three assistants who 
room with the kitchen matron in the building. 
They appear at five and the four girls really 
prepare the breakfast for the big family and 
the bell rings at 6:45. Shortly after the fire- 
man moves, the dairy boys, who live in another 
cottage, bestir themselves at the call of the fore- 
man and by 6 :45 some fifty gallons of milk have 
been delivered to the kitchen ready for break- 

At 6 :20 two sets of serving girls report at the 
kitchen in order to serve the meal. With re- 
markable regularity the bell rings at 6 :45, sum- 
mer and winter. In mid-winter it is not yet 

Early though it is within a few minutes after 
the tap of the bell the children may be seen 
pouring out of the homes and in line they march 
to the dining room. Within ten minutes all the 

[ 165 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

family groups have taken their places around 
clean, sanitary, white glass top tables, each seat- 
ing eight persons. A call bell taps softly, silence 
soon pervades the entire hall. The lady in 
charge calls upon almost any boy above twelve 
years of age to ask the blessing of the Father 
upon the meal his bounty has provided. Seldom 
indeed has a boy ever failed to respond when 
called upon. With ease and reverence they say 
grace. All are seated. Without confusion the 
meal proceeds. There seems to be considerable 
noise, but not over — much in view of the fact 
there are near four hundred people present. 

The question was once asked, "Do you allow 
the children to talk during meals ?'' That seems 
a strange question. The one asking must have 
known of some place where the children were 
not allowed to speak except to ask quietly that 
food be passed. There are still left a few 
families with seven or eight children. Would 
it ever occur to ask the parent in such a home 
if the children were allowed to speak during 
meals. Is this not the time they should be en- 
couraged to engage in pleasant conversation? 
This table talk gives them development in the 


Living and Learning 

art of expression. This is a vital element in the 
education of the child. Repression at this point 
would be detrimental, deadening. Yes, the chil- 
dren are allowed to talk during meals. If they 
could not speak after a successful football game 
a violent explosion might take place. This 
should be the brightest and happiest time of the 
day. Under the direction of a trained dietition 
the children are furnished simple, but well pre- 
pared and nourishing meals. 

Breakfast being concluded, the President, or 
in his absence an older boy, mounts the platform 
followed by the pianist and choir. At this 
signal all chairs face the platform. The leader 
of this service follows the prayer calendar of 
the church. Through it the names of the mis- 
sionaries and their work are brought before the 
minds of the children. They are remembered 
in the prayers. It has been interesting to note 
how many names appear of those who have 
been reared in the Orphanage or have visited 
the Institution. It has furnished an excellent 
opportunity to present the great causes of the 
church and plead for a consecration of life to 
some great and worthy task. A passage of 

[ 167 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

scripture such as the ten commandments, the 
first Psalm, The Beatitudes is recited in con- 
cert; the scripture having been memorized in 
the cottage homes. A song is sung. What a 
fine thing to begin the day with a song in the 
heart. Then all stand and look up in faith 
through prayer to the Father of the fatherless, 
confessing our sins, acknowledging all his 
mercies, asking for a blessing upon all the dear 
friends throughout the church and pleading for 
the sending out of the gospel truth to the utter- 
most parts of the earth. 

A most frequent remark of visitors is that 
the early morning chapel service is the most im- 
pressive and most touching thing about the 
whole Orphanage. It cannot be described. It 
has to be seen. It has to be felt. At the close 
of the prayer there is a moment's pause, a 
gentle tap of the bell and all file out. A new 
and untried day has been entered upon. It has 
been begun with God. Back to the homes the 
families go. At 7:55 the work bell rings. By 
8:00 o'clock all workers are expected in their 
places for the duties of the day. At 8:20 the 
school bell rings and at 8:30 school opens. 


Living and Learning 

The dishwashers are an exception. Imme- 
diately after breakfast they clear the tables, 
wash the dishes with the aid of an electric dish 
washer, and reset the tables for another meal. 
If it should take your daughter twenty minutes 
to perform this same service for a family of 
five, how long would it take her at the same rate 
to do it for the Orphanage family? The an- 
swer is about twenty-five hours without stop- 
ping to eat or sleep. 

The cooks, another set than the ones who 
prepared breakfast, begin early the preparation 
of dinner. If they should be shelling English 
peas they would shell about eight bushels as 
they came from the garden. If they should be 
planning to have sweet potatoes the monitor 
would say, ''six bushels." If the standard of 
one quart of milk per day should be provided it 
would require about ninety-five gallons. If all 
biscuit are used it requires about one barrel of 
flour a day. It will require an active, vivid 
imagination in order to visualize this work of 
meal preparation. 

Other sets do the laundry work for the whole 
family. In the days of the old laundry the 


Thornwell Orphanage 

matron was found weeping. She said: "We 
simply cannot get this work done." The query 
was put: ''How many pieces in this week.'' 
An addition of the Hsts revealed eighteen hun- 
dred and sixty pieces. But with the new, 
modern and adequate equipment the work is 
more easily done. Other sets work in the sew- 
ing room where sheets, pillow cases, under 
clothes for boys and girls, dresses, waists, 
trousers and other garments are made. 

Other sets keep the homes out of which the 
other older girls have gone to work. Still others 
work under the graduate nurse at the infirmary 
ministering to the sick, assisting with opera- 
tions and tenderly caring for the suffering. 

And still other girls are in the office making 
the typewriters fairly talk in acknowledging the 
many contributions that have come and in an- 
swering the many love letters that have been 
received from the many friends throughout the 

The boys do the general work of the dairy, 
the farm, orchard, and garden. They are busy 
in the printing shop, in the general shop looking 
after lights, plumbing and machinery. They 


Living and Learning 

work with the poultry and keep the yard in 
order and haul our express. They fire the 
boilers and run the laundry. While half the 
older pupils work during the mornings, the 
other half are in school, and vice versa. 

The small children are provided with swings 
at their homes, seesaws, joggling boards and 
sometimes with croquet. Beyond these they 
are left largely to their own ingenuity and re- 
sourcefullness to provide forms of play and 
amusement. It is interesting to note their own 
devisings. For example, a most interesting 
form of play is rolling an old automobile tire. 
Then when they get tired of running after it, 
they can double up in it and roll down the grade. 
We have been so impressed with the excellence 
of this that there has been talk of asking our 
board to establish a factory for making rim-cut, 
tread worn and exploded auto tires for orphan 
boys and girls the country over to play with. 

There was a time when there was a real de- 
sire for a trained play ground director, but after 
several years of observation and experience the 
conclusion has been reached that it is not needed 
in a place like Thornwell Orphanage. The 

[ 171 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

children are under rules in the homes, in the 
school, in the departments. They need a time 
when they are not supervised. They need to be 
left to their own devisings. In groups they 
work out their own programs and have the 
decided feeling that it is their own affair. This 
is not saying that a play leader is not needed 
on community play grounds where children con- 
gregate from many homes. 

At 5 : 50 the supper bell rings. From the con- 
clusion of the evening meal until the ringing of 
the study bell at 7 :00, there is freedom for the 
children on their own cottage grounds and about 
the homes. 

Under the supervision of the matron the 
study period of two hours for all older pupils 
is held. Family prayers are had at the opening 
of study hour. As they stood at the threshold 
of the new day and turned their hearts up 
toward God as one united family, so at the close 
of the day the smaller family groups listen to 
the reading of the blessed book and bow around 
the family altar asking that they be blessed and 
kept through the silent watches of the night. 
By 10 :00 o'clock all lights are to be out. 


Living and Learning 

The school is of high grade covering twelve 
years of work. It is a standard fifteen unit 
school and recognized for college entrance. In 
addition to the usual grammar and high school 
courses there is unusual opportunity for voca- 
tional training and a thorough course in the 
catechisms and Bible is taught. In these re- 
spects the school is superior to most public 
schools in giving a life preparation. 

Active literary societies are carried on in the 
school with satisfactory results. 

Learning. — Living, that is being housed, 
clothed, fed and simply putting time behind, is 
one thing; learning is another thing. In deal- 
ing with children the great desire and purpose 
is that they should learn those things which will 
enter into the making of real men and women. 

The most important factor in child training 
is the personal element. It is the matron, 
teacher, department head, the Superintendent. 
Dr. Reeder has well said : "If the institution is 
so managed that the children come into intimate 
relation with adult characters who are strong, 
sympathetic, intellectually alert, and socially, 
morally, and spiritually uplifting, it ceases to be 


Thornwell Orphanage 

a mere abiding place where the creature com- 
forts only are provided, and becomes a school 
home from which the children go forth better 
prepared to make their own way in the world 
than are most of those set adrift from their 
parental homes at the same age." It is em- 
phasized that the child's well rounded develop- 
ment must be the first consideration in the 
minds of the workers. The sewing room 
matron is to make clothes, but above that she is 
to make girls while doing that. The farmer is 
to cultivate the soil, but more than that he is to 
cultivate the souls of his boys. The laundry 
matron is to wash the clothes, but more than 
that she is to seek to cleanse the ideals and 
characters of the children who do this work. 
The teachers are to instruct the heads and seek 
to cultivate the hearts of the children. The 
endeavor is to gain a proper reaction upon the 
life and character from everything that is done. 
The children move by bells. They learn the 
vitally important lesson of promptness. How 
much time of other people is wasted by those 
who are late. A dentist remarked that the Or- 


Living and Learning 

phanage matrons always met their engagements 

Some hundred and fifty children were invited 
to the country club. The President of the club 
commented on the fact that at the word the 
children came out of the lake with such prompt- 

A college football coach stated that it was a 
pleasure to work with the Orphanage boys, be- 
cause they readily did what they were told to do. 

The Orphanage cultivates the habit of attend- 
ing the Sabbath School and Church. All stay 
for church services. Occasionally some person, 
reared in or out of the Orphanage, will say he 
was required to go when a child and had enough 
of it. But the fact remains that most people 
who attend church when they are thirty, forty, 
and fifty were required to go when children. 

We shudder as we think of the force of bad 
habits. Good habits are to be appreciated and 
cultivated. An Orphanage pupil wrote back: 
"I still go to church and hope never to get out 
of the habit of going. I do not see how any 
boy or girl who has stayed at Thornwell can go 
out into the world and fail to go." 

[ 175 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

One said : ''The thing that impressed me most 
is the fact that the children know so much 
Scripture." Can any better thing be put into the 
minds of boys and girls than the Holy Scrip- 
tures. The great text-book on morals is the 
Bible. The children had better be left in ignor- 
ance than not to be given an education that 
rests on a moral foundation. 

It is not a bad thing to teach children in the 
days of their youth that man's chief end is to 
glorify God and that the rule to direct him how 
this can best be done is the Word of God. It 
is a good thing to fill the minds with the state- 
ments of great truths and doctrines as contained 
in the Shorter Catechism. With these things 
woven into the very warp and woof of mind 
and heart there is a basis of character upon 
which a safe and practical life may be built. 
Christian character is the need of the hour. 

In all the industrial departments of the Or- 
phanage there is an effort at training the hand, 
head and heart. Work that is well done and 
serves a useful purpose is developing into a 
better boy or girl the one who has done such 
work. The dairy boys, who by faithful and 

[ 176 ] 

Fairchilp Cottage 
SiLLiMAX Cottage 

— M^ 











Living and Learning 

hard work, keep the milk supply up for the big 
family know that they are an important factor 
in the life of the Institution. They are better 
boys for knowing it. 

The girls who prepare the meals or do the 
sewing know they make a contribution to the 
life and welfare of the family and are better 
for realizing this. 

Some important lessons are learned on the 
athletic field. The most important lesson for 
one boy was self-control. He had so little of it 
that he had to be taken off the team for the 
season. He learned his lesson. 

The children are allowed to visit relatives as 
there is the desire to keep the tie of kinship 
alive. These visits are made during the sum- 

More liberties and social privileges are al- 
lowed the children at Thornwell Orphanage 
than in most other institutions of like nature. 
There is freedom between the boys and girls as 
they pass to and fro, though the girls are not 
allowed on the boys side of the campus without 
special permission. The older girls are allowed 


Thornwell Orphanage 

to go to town without chaperones. We are only 
three blocks from the square. 

There is open house on Saturdays and the 
young men from town or the college are allowed 
to call. An occasional social is given by the 
young people. The girls are permitted to attend 
social gatherings in town and at the college at 
intervals and to accompany the young men to 
such, just as the daughters from our homes do. 

It is the effort to make the life of the boys 
and girls as nearly normal as possible. 

The young people of Thornwell are exceed- 
ingly fortunate in that they are received into 
our very best social circles. This constitutes an 
important element in their education. It gives 
them a poise and ease of manner that mean 
much to them in after life. The fact that the 
Presbyterian College for men is located in Clin- 
ton and that so many of the Orphanage boys 
have made such fine records there has greatly 
stimulated them to a desire for a college educa- 

Initiative, — That is a problem. But, can- 
didly, reader, is it not a problem with you if you 
have a girl or boy to educate ? Does the public 


Living and Learning 

school have much better chance or succeed much 
better in developing initiative than the Orphan- 
age school, especially the larger institution ? Do 
our busy successful business and professional 
men do over much to develop initiative in their 
children? What does the average middle class 
family do in this respect? What do the hard 
working factory people and farmers do in this 
respect for their children? It is easy to say 
an Orphanage does not develop initiative. It 
probable does not as it should. But where is it 
properly developed? The round of a place like 
Thornwell gives a child a fair opportunity to 
discover self and develop along the line of a 
God-given talent. 

Not Ideal — This is not an ideal place. It is 
not made up of ideal people. Our grown people 
have just about such character limitations as 
may be found in the better grade of church 
officers and auxiliary leaders. They occasional- 
ly exhibit little jealousies, critize one another 
and feel that the administration does not give 
them a square deal. How human like! Most 
new workers talk of how badly the predecessor 
failed. Why, you would think you were talking 

[ 179 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

to some preacher who had just taken hold of a 
''fine church," "but it is all run down with a 
lot of dead material on the roll and needing to 
be reorganized from top to bottom.'' On the 
whole they are a lot of cultured, refined Chris- 
tian people who take their work seriously and 
are in their places to serve. 

As to the children they are by rule of adrais- 
sion ''well-born." But according to the orth- 
odox Presbyterian view a child may be that and 
still afflicted with total depravity. It is that 
thing which manifests itself in going astray as 
soon as one is born. Many Methodist children 
are among our number and there is no differ- 
ence. All come short. 

The children manifest the same dispositions 
and are guilty of the same delinquencies that 
characterize other children in their natural 
homes. There is an atmosphere, a spirit about 
a home or the whole institution that has a great 
influence on new children. The momentum 
often soon carries a pupil into line. He cannot 
withstand it. But what of the discipline ? The 
average person means by that, what about the 
punishment ? 


Living and Learning 

The most important and effective discipline 
is not of the nature of punishment at all. The 
child is being disciplined when he is kept in- 
terestedly busy at play or work that reacts upon 
him helpfully, physically, mentally or morally. 
But measures must be resorted to to correct chil- 
dren who need it. But what is now to be said 
will be regarded as rank heresy by some who 
style themselves as experts in child study and 
development. There is one teacher whose in- 
structions are highly prized. That teacher is 
experience. Not experience in dealing with 
other children, but the experience of having 
been dealt with. The rod was used with dis- 
crimination in the family of eight boys. It did 
good, not harm. The writer does not believe 
we have outgrown the wisdom and teaching of 
Solomon on this point. However in view of the 
large number of children there is very little 
corporal punishment. 

Another method is to require the children to 
pay in part for broken or abused articles about 
the homes or plant. This can be taken out of 
the fifteen or twenty-five cents allowance each 
month. This teaches them the sense of value. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Saturday afternoons are for rest and recrea- 
tion. A demerit given means a half hour's 
work on Saturday afternoon. 

Six demerits takes one day off the summer 
vacation. On being asked when he was going 
home a fifteen-year-old boy replied: ''I am due 
to go tomorrow but because of my high crimes 
and misdemeanors I will not go for three days.'' 

A child may be kept in the house or room or 
some special privilege may be taken from him. 
If an older girl violates the rules regulating the 
social life, she may have the social privileges 
taken from her for a time. 

It is not any easier to know what to do with 
three hundred children than it is for parents to 
know what to do with nine children or one. The 
teachers are trained. The department heads 
and matrons are intelligent. All are Christian. 
While there is a court of appeal the effort is to 
have each in his or her sphere handle the dis- 

That which impresses visitors is the hap- 
piness of the children. This was expressed by 
a twelve-year-old who said in speaking of 
Christmas *'Well, if any boy at Fowler Cottage 

[ 182 ] 

Living and Learning 

did not have a good time today he needs an 

Good as many may think Thornwell Orphan- 
age is, it is not an ideal place. There is but one 
such place. It is the golden city. But it is the 
effort and prayer of those connected with the 
Institution to make it a house of God and a 
gateway to heaven. 


Chapter XI. 


THE Great Preacher laid down an infallible 
standard of judgment when he said : ''By 
their fruits ye shall know them." This rule is 
just as applicable to institutions as to indivi- 

The garden plant proves itself by its fruit 
within a few weeks or months. It may take a 
few years before a proper judgment can be 
formed concerning an orchard. 

An institution may require many years to re- 
veal its proper fruitage, especially an institution 
which has to do with the care and training of 
children. They do not reach maturity over 
night. Years are needed for the development of 
lives and for the proper appraisal of these lives. 
The distant future, even eternity, will be needed 
to reveal the full fruitage of Thornwell Orphan- 
age. But the fifty years which lie behind are 
sufficiently long to furnish us a fair basis of 


Known By Its Fruits 

Do the facts in the case justify the Hfe of the 
Institution ? In the light of the fruitage is there 
justification of the money, time, thought, eflfort, 
and prayer which have gone into it. If the re- 
suUs have not warranted its existence, then it is 
unfortunate that it ever came into being. 

If fifty years have not produced a worthwhile 
fruitage, little hope can be entertained for the 

Thornwell Orphanage seeks out her sons and 
daughters. They are looked upon with the feel- 
ing of pride and satisfaction that come to a 
parent whose children are filling worthy places 
in life. 

These sons and daughters are scattered far 
and wide in our own country and even in South 
America, Asia and Africa. They are found in 
many and varied lines of endeavor. They are 
mechanics, linotype operators, printers, art en- 
gravers, electricians , department heads with the 
Telegraph and Telephone Company, merchants, 
bankers, stenographers, secretaries, trained 
nurses, doctors, teachers, salesmen, ministers of 
the gospel, home and foreign missionaries. 
They are superintendents and teachers in the 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Sunday Schools. They are elders and deacons 
of our churches. There are those who are still 
pupils in our colleges, obtaining a further life 
preparation and who are giving promise of suc- 

Many Christian homes have at their head 
those who gained their conception of the Chris- 
tian home at Thornwell Orphanage. Some have 
said they are trying to rear their children by 
the Orphanage pattern. 

Her sons have risen up to serve the Institu- 
tion on the Board of Trustees and as assistants 
to the President and heads of the Printing De- 
partment. Her daughters have come back to 
act as matrons in the homes and as teachers in 
her schools, as bookkeeper and treasurer. 

These pupils, many of them, have not been 
just ordinary people, but extraordinary. They 
have been men and women of real force and 
strength of character. They have been trusted 
and honored. 

The late Dr. Thomas H. Law stated that 
when he learned that the nurse in attendance 
upon his son in a critical illness was a Thorn- 


Known By Its Fruits 

well Orphanage girl he felt greatly relieved and 

A school superintendent stated that he re- 
garded his primary teacher as one of the very 
best in the state. She was a Thornwell Orphan- 
age daughter. A banker told the circumstances 
of their having selected an orphanage boy and 
stated that the boy "has gone beyond any of us 
who employed him." 

A business man stated that he owed his suc- 
cess in business largely to the fidelity and busi- 
ness efficiency of the Thornwell Orphanage girl 
who had been in his office for many years. 

A Thornwell daughter was superintendent of 
nurses in one of our great city hospitals for 
several years. Another occupied a like position 
in one of the great church hospitals. One of 
the boys is teacher in a great printing trade 
school and editor of its magazine. 

Dr. Herbert Brooks occupied a chair in the 
medical department of Vanderbilt university 
and is now a busy successful diagnostician. His 
brother, Dr. Sydney Brooks, is a successful 

[ 187 ] 

Thornwell Orphanage 

Miss Marion Griffin was the first woman ad- 
mitted to practice law in Tennessee and repre- 
sented Memphis and Shelby county in the Ten- 
nessee legislature in 1923. 

The superintendent of the John De la Howe 
Industrial School for dependent children is a 
Thornwell son. Rev. J. B. Branch, *'A prophet 
is not without honor save in his own country 
and among his own people," yet Wilson Harris 
was raised in the Orphanage. After leaving 
college, he entered the newspaper business in 
Clinton. The county elected him as represen- 
tative in the legislature. He served as Presi- 
dent of the Clinton Commercial Club, is a mem- 
ber of the Orphanage Board of Trustees, is an 
Elder in the church and a representative citizen 
of the community. 

Thornwell is proud of her line of ministers 
and missionaries. Early in the life of the in- 
stitution her sons began to respond to the call 
of the Spirit and give themselves to the service 
of the Master in the pulpit and on the mission 

It would be interesting to petition the General 
Assembly for the organization of a Presbytery 


Known By Its Fruits 

to be composed entirely of Orphanage sons and 
to be known as Thornwell Presbytery. Should 
such be ordered it is likely that the oldest man 
present should call the meeting to order. 

Rev. Sam P. Fulton, D. D., for some thirty- 
five years a missionary to Japan, would preside. 
Dr. Fulton has been an honored and successful 
missionary. For a number of years he has 
been the President of the Presbyterian Theol- 
ogical Seminary at Kobe, Japan. He is, thus, 
in a position of large usefulness and large 
influence and is privileged to teach and train 
the young native ministers who are to be the 
Christian leaders in Japan. 

The stated Clerk of Thornwell Presbytery 
might well be Rev. Darby M. Fulton, D. D., 
whose only pastorate has been in Darlington, 
S. C. Many opportunities have come to him 
to enter other fields, but the love and loyalty of 
his people and his devotion to them have kept 
him with this his only pastorate which has 
covered a period of more than thirty years. 

Call the roll. 

Rev. T. Ellyson Simpson, D. D., has held two 
pastorates. Society Hill, S. C. and Henderson- 


Thornwell Orphanage 

ville, N. C. In both congregations he was ap- 
preciated, respected, honored and loved. He 
resigned his pastorate in Hendersonville in or- 
der to enter the Red Cross work during the 
world war. The Committee on Christian Edu- 
cation engaged him for work in the Educational 
Campaigns in South Carolina and in the south- 
western, Memphis campaign. His association 
with Dr. M. E. Melvin in this work led to a 
further relation with him as assistant secretary 
of the Assembly's Stewardship Committee. On 
account of a break in health he was forced to 
resign his position after a very successful term 
of service. 

Rev. James B. Carpenter would answer the 
roll call of the Presbytery. His most important 
pastorate has been with the Evergreen Presby- 
terian Church, Memphis, Tenn. The records of 
the growth of this church during his pastorate 
furnish ample proof of the strength, fidelity, 
and effectiveness of this son of the Orphan- 

Rev. John W. Carpenter, of Williamson, W. 
Va., would appear on the list. Information in- 


Known By Its Fruits 

dicates that he is one of the best known and 
best loved ministers of his city and section. 
This information was taken from a letter that 
recently fell into the writer's hands and is a 
fine testimonial. 

Rev. J. H. Clark, of Forsythe, Ga., has de- 
voted his time and energies largely to newspaper 
work and has rendered a valuable service 
through his paper. In connection with this 
work he has been able to do a supply work 
for small churches which otherwise might have 
been denied gospel privileges. 

Rev. J. B. Branch, after finishing his studies 
in Princeton Seminary, accepted a pastorate in 
Statesville, N. C. He was invited by Dr. Jacobs 
to become his assistant in the conduct of the 
Orphanage. For eight years he rendered a 
devoted service to Dr. Jacobs and the Orphan- 
age. Upon the taking over of the John De la 
Howe Industrial School by the State, Mr. 
Branch was elected Superintendent and has 
been doing an increasingly large work there for 
the past five years. 

Rev. Arthur T. Taylor is one of the present 
generation, having graduated from the Colum- 


Thornwell Orphanage 

bia Theological Seminary in 1923. With a fine 
record in college and seminary he entered upon 
his work at Atmore, Ala. with enthusiasm, and 
every indication points to a successful ministry. 

Just as this book comes from the press two 
other sons, Louis C. Lamotte and Clarence E. 
Piephoif will be finishing their Theological 
courses and will be ready to join the ranks of 
their older brothers as soldiers of the cross. The 
Presbytery might with propriety record the 
names of two others, Rev. Darby Fulton, D. 
D., son of Rev. Sam P. Fulton, and Rev. 
Hewett, son of Rev. D. M. Fulton. 

This Presbytery might enroll many Elders, 
but the following come readily to mind : Court- 
ney Wilson, Upper Long Cane Church, S. C. ; 
Walter Chamblee, Alabama Street, Atlanta ; W. 
W. Harris and Marion Stutts, Thornwell Me- 
morial Church. 

The Committee on Memorials would be called 
to report to this Presbytery the death of four 
members. After college and seminary Rev. 
Dawson Henry began his ministry in Charles- 
ton, W. Va. He had not only the requisite 
scholastic preparation but his heart, his soul 



5AM P. ru LTCN D.D. 

JAMES B*^fflS 

Thorn WELLS Prlacukk Sons 


Thoknwkll's Prkachkk Sons 

Known By Its Fruits 

seemed enriched. He put himself whole heart- 
edly into his work. He won a warm place in the 
affection of his people. But the dread hand of 
disease was laid upon him. After a few brief 
years of service for the Master he was called to 
his rew^ard and higher service. 

Rev. Dent Brannen, D. D., was privileged to 
give some thirty years of service to the church 
as one of her faithful and efficient ministers. 
His first pastorate at Milledgeville, Ga., con- 
tinued for more than twenty years. It was pre- 
eminently a success in the real sense of the term. 
His second pastorate was at Moultrie, Ga. He 
was permitted to give but a brief service to that 
congregation. But it was long enough to make 
a profound and lasting impression upon the 
church and city. The people felt that he was 
indeed a man of God. 

Rev. Clark A. B. Jennings was born in 1868. 
After finishing school in the Orphanage he 
graduated in the Clinton College. Having com- 
pleted his Seminary course he served churches 
in Enoree Presbytery in South Carolina. He 
was leading an eminently useful life and was 
one of the splendid men of his Presbytery. In 


Thornwell Orphanage 

1908 he met a tragic death by drowning. He 
was buried in Clinton. He had evidenced his 
love for Thornwell Orphanage and confidence 
in it by saying while yet apparently far from 
death that in the event of his death it was his 
wish that his children be sent to the Orphanage. 
Three of them did find a home in the Institution. 

Rev. F. Cornwell Jennings graduated at the 
college in Clinton and attended Princeton Sem- 
inary. After graduation he served churches in 
the north and became a very popular and much 
sought after preacher. After just a few years 
of successful work the "white plague" laid its 
hand upon him and cut him down when only 
twenty-eight years of age. His remains were 
brought back to Clinton where they await the 
resurrection summons. 

Foreign Missions. — As the great cause of 
Foreign Missions would be presented the inter- 
esting and inspiring fact would be noted that 
this Thornwell Presbytery is represented in 
Japan by Rev. Sam P. Fulton, D. D., in China 
by Mrs. Ava Patton Anglin and Miss Cassie 
Oliver; in Africa by Mr. Bruno Schlotter and 
in Brazil by Miss Carrie Kilgore. 


Known By Its Fruits 

Our prayer is that others may soon follow 
in their train. 

Who won the war? It may be said that it 
was one or another who was much in the public 
eye and whose name became a household word. 
But w^hatever else may be said, we know that 
the world war could not have been won without 
the private in the ranks. So the work of the 
world is largely done and the burden of the 
world is largely borne by the privates in the 
ranks of life. 

Much of the best fruitage of Thornwell Or- 
phanage is to be found in the lives of those who 
were given new conceptions and filled with new 
determinations to make their lives worth while 
and worthy, though they might not become con- 
spicuous for notable service. The general level 
of life has been raised where these sons and 
daughters of Thornwell have served because of 
the touch and inspiration of the institution upon 

The effort and prayer of those directly con- 
nected with the Orphanage is that the future 
may reveal a larger fruitage for the state, for 
the church, and for Christ than the past. 


Chapter XII. 


MENTION has been made of the fact that 
the children of Thornwell are happy in 
their life. After they leave the Home and take 
their places in life they look back with affec- 
tionate interest to their childhood home. 

The letters that come to the ofHce from the 
sons and daughters who have been away f 'jr a 
few months or thirty years tell very effectively 
the story of their devotion to the Home and do 
it more strikingly than any other could tell it. 
They speak out of the experience and as they 
write precious memories are aroused. 

We give in this chapter a selection of letters, 
taken almost at random. 

Dear Dr. Lynn : 

Enclosed please find my check for $ for 

the Orphanage. I just wish it were for much more. 
I do hope the Thanksgiving collections were good. 

Well, just to think twenty years ago today my sister 
and I were admitted into Thornwell Orphanage. I 


Letters Back Home 

realize more fully the longer I live that it was the best 
thing that ever happened to us. 

Wish you could have heard Dr. Sam Fulton's 
youngest son, Darby, last Sabbath. He spoke on Japan 
at both morning and evening services and he was just 

I hope you will have a splendid Christmas. Also 
that every one will keep well. 

With kind regards to all, I am, 

Yours truly, 

My Dear Dr. Lynn: 

Wonder what you will think of your Winthrop girl 
when she tells you that she has passed on all her ex- 
aminations and term work ? I am so happy I can hardly 
contain myself. Of course the marks may not be bril- 
liant and loaded with honors but I think I have made 
a respectable pass. 

This past week has been a terror to us all. I have 
never studied so hard before. Exams began the day 
after Thanksgiving and you can imagine how all of us 
spent that day. My room-mate and I both are happy 
tonight. She has just finished writing to her mother, 
telling her the good news. But there are others who 
are rather sad. You have never seen so many tear- 
stained faces. Some failed one, some two and others 
have to leave. I am certainly thankful I am not of 
that number. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Hope everyone is well and that Santa Claus is com- 
ing in fast. 

With love to all, 

Dear Dr. Lynn : 

At this time of the year my thoughts go back to my 
old home — the place where I spent the happiest days 
of my life. 

I am sending the Orphanage $ Wish I 

could send more. I assure you I hope some day to do 

I am getting along fine. Have a good job. If it 
had not been for Thornwell Orphanage I might not be 
able to say that. 

Hope the boys and girls there will all make good in 
their future life. My love and best wishes to them all. 
I hope the next year will be the best the Orphanage ever 

Yours truly. 

Dear Dr. Lynn: 

I am enclosing check for $ Will you 

please pay back dues on Our Monthly which I have 
been receiving off and on for three or four years and 
balance spend on boys and girls for Christmas. 

It has been about thirty years since I was one of 
them. I look back on those days as the happiest of my 
boyhood life. 

I wish I was there to light those cones about 3 
or 4 o'clock on the morning of Christmas. Guess you 


Letters Back Home 

say you are glad I am not tliere to light them tliat 

I have a family of my own now, four boys and one 
girl. I know my wife and family will join me in best 
wishes for a very happy Giristmas and the New Year 
for you and your large family. 

With love for each one, I am yours respectfully. 

Dearest Father: 

Pardon the familiarity but being with Elizabeth and 
hearing "Father this and that" has caused me to form 
the habit of calling you Father over here. Course if 
you'd rather not claim me I'll call you "that Dr. Lynn." 
Just teasing. It is a lot of fun calling you Father over 
here. Been trA'ing to persuade Elizabeth that "Father" 
meant the bare headed smiling picture for me. But 
she insists on keeping both. At any rate I'm sharing 
them all with her. 

Yes, thanks. Dr. Lynn, I'm quite well and per- 
fectly happy. No girl in the world has ever been so 
blessed as I've been in my few years of living and its 
difficult to know my immense gratitude. I think every- 
one I've ever known has either directly or indirectly 
been the cause of some happiness for me. 

We're going through Exams now. Elizabeth has 
had three and her next doesn't come until next Thurs- 
day and she has a holiday until Wednesday when I 
suppose she will study for the Thursday Exam. Eliza- 
beth is such a good student, I dare say she won't have 


Thornwell Orphanage 

much "boreing" to do. I've had three. Got rid of my 
worst, chemistry, on the first day. Have three next 
week but none tomorrow and that's the reason I'm giv- 
ing myself the pleasure of writing you a letter for it 
is a real pleasure I assure you. 

I've made Elizabeth talk T. O. news until she's 
about exhausted. I've even asked her multitudes of 
things she forgot to observe while in Clinton. Fancy 
not seeing and hearing about everything. 

Haven't forgotten you're rushed at this time so I 
will not drag this further. I hope you'll soon catch up. 

My best regards to everyone. 


Rev. L. Ross Lynn, D. D. : 

Your letter of August 25th was duly received. 
Please excuse my delay in answering. 

I had some hints of the semi-centennial of the Or- 
phanage. It would give me the greatest pleasure to be 
present at that time. I do have my furlough partly in 
that year. That is, I go home next year, and my fur- 
lough continues until the next year. But I cannot yet 
say whether I will be in America until the summer of 
1925. It may be that for the good of the work out 
here I shall have to return before that time. So I think 
it would be better not to depend on me for that sermon. 
If it happens that I can be there I would consider it a 
great pleasure to help in any way that I can. Still now 
it looks as if I must return to Japan before that time. 


twss cassie: aiVER. 





Thornwpxl's Foreign Missionaries 

Letters Back Home 

Please let me say that I appreciate from the bottom 
of my heart this kind thought of the committee on 
program to ask me to preach that sermon. I am sure 
that the committee has no knowledge of how dull we 
missionaries are when we speak in English. Now if I 
could preach in Japanese it would be comparatively 

I know you will be glad to know that we received 
no injury from the terrible earthquake. We are back 
at our work here, and everything is moving along as 

I am sending you a small gift for the Orphanage. 
The Orphanage and its work are often in my mind and 

With best wishes for you and your work. 

Yours sincerely. 

My Dear Dr. Lynn: 

We received your letter last Monday morning when 
it was too late. It must have undoubtedly come Satur- 
day evening, but as luck would have it, neither Fred, 
Pug nor myself were there at the time of mail call. We 
appreciate your invitation all the same, if we did receive 
it too late. Guess it was better for somebody's pocket- 
book that we weren't there to help masticate the de- 
licacies, l)ecause you have no idea how much we can 
really eat. Pug and Fred average about ten biscuits 
at a meal and as for myself, I'm ashamed to state my 
average, but I can assure you it would make Babe 


Thornvvell Orphanage 

Ruth's batting average look mighty slim. That's a 
little inside dope I got from Fred and Pug — they would 
deny the charge if questioned. Doubt if we could have 
held our record Sunday with so much competition in 
Mr. Harris and Mr. Fleming. Anyway we were cer- 
tainly sorry we couldn't have dined with you at the 
Piedmont, but it was all our fault by not being at the 
mail call. 

Hope your trip here to Atlanta was a very success- 
ful one, which Fm certain it was, and that everybody 
seemed much enthused over the wonderful work accom- 
plished at old T. O. 

In reminiscing I often wander back to Thornwell 
and have the joy of playing again under the old oaks, 
the many games of a boy's delight, such as playing 
marbles, spinning tops and shooting "flips" on the sly. 
You know they were happy old days. We would roll 
hoops all day without the slightest tinge of fatigue, 
but when night came we were too tired even to wash 
our feet — we alv/ays had to wash them, though, in a 
rather timid manner, or at least duck them under the 

I can realize now the happiest moments of my life 
were spent at T. O., when as a boy, because there were 
no problems, no deep disappointments, no struggle for 
existence; life came to me without my even having to 
bat an eye or to move a finger. The most wonderful 
thing about T. O. in my estimation, is that Christian 
atmosphere singing through the lives of the boys and 


Letters Back Home 

girls. They seem to be unconscious of its prevailing 
and dominating power until the rough and sometimes 
cruel world has dropped the gate of time upon their 
youth and home. The most beautiful thing in life is 
the fight, not the victory; as can be compared in a 
small scale to a football game. It is not the victory but 
the game, the fight put into the game so as to deserve 
victory, which is the thing that makes us live and enjoy 
life the more. Although time has dropped the gate 
upon youth which has been a wonderful and pleasant 
game, but not serious; the game ahead, played in the 
stadium of world affairs, I believe will prove to be the 
best game, though the hardest, the roughest and the 
more serious. 

Glad that I have T. O. as my foundation, my start- 
ing point, and may I always be worthy of her clean and 
noble ideals by keeping God as my constant Ruler and 

Dr. Lynn, I would write more, but its imperative 
that I cram my head in a text-book a little before 
retiring. Give "Olley-gash" my best regards, and your 
whole famliy my sincere wish for happiness and health. 

Yours sincerely. 

Rev. Dr. Lynn: 

I was at dear old Thornwell twenty years ago as an 
inmate, and though I have never had the pleasure of 
going back again since my graduation in 1903, I shall 
never forget the old home with its sacred memories, 


Thornwell Orphanage 

though Fve never been able to do much for it, and I've 
had a poor way to show my appreciation of all the 
blessings I received while there. I appreciate, more 
than you can ever know, your sending me the Monthly 
complimentary for such a long time. Ah, that little 
messenger from home, how can I do without it? As I 
wrote Dr. Jacobs years ago, "I hope some day to pay 
for the Monthly with interest," and if you will keep on 
sending it, I will certainly pay for it sometime. I 
missed getting the March and April numbers and if it 
pleases you to send it on, will you please send those 
back issues too? 

It has been an uphill struggle for us for many 
years, for my husband went blind in just a few years 
after we were married and the four children were very 
small, so I just have not been able to pay for the 
Monthly, though I certainly would like to have done so 
long ago. Things are getting brighter now, however. 
My eldest son finishes high school this year at Cheraw. 
We live in the country eight miles from Cheraw, and 
he goes from home every day. Then he will stay at 
home and work the farm so the other boys can go to 
school at Cheraw. Then he wants to take a Business 
Course. In the meantime would you like for me to get 
some subscribers or renewals for the Monthly at 
Cheraw or McFarlan and help pay for it that way? 
Also would like to sell for you "The Lord's Care," that 
thrilling little book by our dear Dr. Jacobs. 


Letters Back Home 

Another personal matter I wish to call your atten- 
tion to and one which I have thought about for several 
years is this : On several occasions while I was there 
I got something to eat between meals without permis- 
sion and it did not occur to me at that time that it was 
the same as stealing, but did like I was at home. (That 
was one of my weaknesses, wanting to eat between 
meals), but I have been waiting until I could pay the 
Orphanage back for it, but the matter about the Month- 
ly, constrained me to tell you now and will pay as soon 
as possible, and in looking over a book after I left a 
girl had given me, I found a little paper song book 
which we used to use in chapel before the old Seminary 
was burned. Would like to keep that as a souvenir 
unless you have no other copy of it, in which case I will 
send it to you. I refer you to Mrs. A. M. Copeland as 
to my character while there. 

O, that I had a million dollars to give to the Or- 
phanage ! I am so sorry I ever did this, and I am glad 
the Lord reminded me of it, and "He is faithful and 
just to forgive our sins and cleanse us from all un- 
righteousness." Now Dr. Lynn, this is a long letter 
and uninteresting to you, perhaps, but just wanted 
to make this confession, and ask you to forgive me. 
I know your's is a busy life so will not ask you to 
write a letter, but just send the Monthly again and I 
will know you forgive me. 

Wishing you much success in your Holy work. 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Dear Dr. and Mrs. Lynn: 

We received the Christmas card and greatly appre- 
ciate the remembrance. I sent the message on to 
Bertha. Her present address is, 23 B. Society Street, 
Charleston, and mine is now, Clio, S. C, Route 2. 

We had a very delightful Christmas. Santa Claus 
was wonderfully good to us. Edwin's mother had a 
family reunion, so we spent the day there and thor- 
oughly enjoyed it, for that is just our second home, 
and we can't go too often to enjoy it. Edwin is the 
baby of the family and hasn't yet been weaned away 
from "home." However, we have a lovely little home 
of our own and we are devoted to it, as well as to each 
other. It isn't so beautiful materially but is beautiful 
spiritually. And after all that's what makes home a 
"Little Heaven." It is a real home full of love and 

On October 14 God gave us a little girl and we are 
very, very proud of her. Her cheerful smiles and 
our dear little boy's gay laughter and jabbering keep 
us bubbling over with happiness. He is beginning to 
talk quite plainly and says some very amusing things 
sometimes. Is exceedingly fond of going to "Dundy 
Kul" even though he isn't far enough advanced to learn 
the lessons. 

Our new preacher gave us his first sermon yester- 
day and it was grand. I feel sure "Carolina" is going 
to progress by leaps and bounds. We are all very proud 


Letters Back Home 

of our church, and everyone seems interested in Thorn- 

I'm enclosing a dollar for my subscription to "Our 
Monthly." Please don't forget to have my address 

Had a letter from Bertha recently and she seems to 
be in booming good health. Said Santa was grand to 

I enjoy reading every work of the Monthly. And 
we are very proud of the football team. Had been 
keeping up with the games in the state and were plum 
delighted when Thornwell lead Columbia over the top. 

I hope this year will bring great happiness and un- 
usual health to our large family at Thornwell. 


Dear Caroline: 

I received your card at Christmas and have been 
intending writing you ever since. I certainly do ap- 
preciate your remembering me with Xmas greetings. 
I think of you all so much and wish that I could only 
see you all. You might send me some pictures once in 
a while. I looked very hard at the pictures in the 
Monthly of the football team but couldn't make out 
very many, the cuts were dark. I made out John Allan 
on both. I guess they're rather proud of their record 
as well they deserve to be. They certainly did fine. I 
see where Robert is back in Clinton too. I guess your 
mother was glad. How is she getting along now? I 


Thornwell Orphanage 

will never forget how good she was to me when I was 
there with her. If I ever make a trip East she will 
be one of the main ones I want to see. 

We have had some very cold weather this winter, 
for a week in January we had 20 below zero weather. 
We haven't very much snow now as we have had pretty 
good weather for the last few days, though it still 
freezes every night. 

I suppose Bessie is a great big girl now? Isn't 
she? I don't think I would know all the faces, the 
years would make such a change. I have two nice little 
youngsters, Jesse Allen will be five years in May and 
Adele will be three years old. She is the best little 
girl you ever saw, and fat as a pig. She has long curls ; 
Jesse Allen wore curls until after he was three and a 
half years old. 

I would like to see Jesse get into a bunch of boys 
there, telling hunting stories; the big and little would 
enjoy it so much. 

There has been lots of measles and chickenpox and 
now there's a case of Scarlet Fever here. But we 
haven't had much sickness this winter at all. 

Give my love to all who remember me and I would 
love ever so much to hear from you and your mother. 

With much love. 

Dear Stutts: 

Enclosed please find check for $3.00 which I think 
pays my subscription to "Our Monthly" up to Septem- 


Letters Back Home 

ber, 1925. I should have sent this in long ago but have 
just kept neglecting it. I enjoy reading the Monthly 
very much. I notice where Arthur Taylor was there 
a few days ago. Everytime I see anything about him 
I think of how we used to call him "Thad" and he 
would run after us and hit us with his left hand. We 
would call him left handed "Thad" just to get him to 
run after us. I would like to see him and all the other 
fellows I used to know at Thornwell. I am looking 
forward to coming to the Grand Rally in 1925. 

Stutts, please change my address from 132 E. Stone 
Ave., to East N. St. Extension, Route 2. I have 
swapped my place on Stone Avenue for one farther 
out with a big lot where I can raise chickens and keep 
a cow. Remember me to any of the folks there that 
I know. 

Wishing you and yours much happiness and success. 

Yours truly. 

Dear Friends: 

Mr. Stutts asked me to write a letter for the Alumni 
Column but am afraid the readers will be disappointed 
in his selection, as I am not a brilliant writer, but no 
one loves and remembers Thornwell any better than I 
do, though it has been more than twenty years since 1 
was there. 

Not long ago a lady remarked to me that she thought 
it wonderful how attached the children became to 
Thornwell Orphanage. Ah, the secret of it is: Happy 


Thornwell Orphanage 

hearts in happy homes. A week, or even a day spent 
there, will convince the most skeptical that it is the 
best and safest place a child could be who has lost its 
parents. Everybody who has any love for home at 
all always puts a halo, as it were, around days of child- 
hood, ever remembering joyful days before care began; 
so we, who have spent our childhood and youth at 
Thornwell, will do the same, for we would be very 
ungrateful indeed to forget such pure, noble and un- 
selfish lives as Dr. Jacobs, Mrs. Bulard, Miss Nina 
Nickell, Miss Kitty Crockett, Miss Emily Watson, Miss 
Ella Bell, Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Towles, Miss Louise Bald- 
win, Miss Annie Blake, Mrs. Brissenden, Mrs. Branch, 
Mrs. Simonton, Mrs. Garrison, Mrs. A. M. Copeland, 
Miss Cleo Patton, Miss Mollie Manson, Miss Carrie 
Hipp and many, many others who gave the best of their 
lives in this holy work at child-training. 

I remember the first day I was there and was struck 
with the good fellowship and afifectionate interest for 
each other. Then came night — well, all of you who 
have ever been away from home know what the first 
night away from home is like. I did a very silly thing 
(you remember I was always doing silly stunts), in- 
stead of going in the study room with the girls I 
wandered off alone and sat down on the bottom step 
of the third story stairway to have a good home-sick 
"cry." I did not indulge in tears very long, however, 
for pretty soon Mrs. Towles, matron of the kitchen, 
came along going to her room and lovingly persuaded 


Letters Back Home 

me to go with her which I did, and I shall always be 
glad that I happened to be on those steps at that par- 
ticular time for I got an insight into the character of 
one of the most lovable of women, who could dry the 
tears of orphan children and make them forget they 
were among strangers. 

It was my good fortune the first year to be under 
the loving care of Miss Nina Nickell at the Edith Home 
and in Dora Patton's "set." Dear Dora was such a 
good girl and we all loved her. She has gone to live 
with Jesus now. 

I shall never forget those Edith Home days and I 
should like to hear from those who lived there when 
I was there, also my Home of Peace and Fairchild 
Infirmary mates. I wonder if Katie remembers our 
house top experience while we lived at the Infirmary? 
O, those were good old days ! 

I get such interesting letters from Mary Dill, Miss 
Kitty Crockett and Miss Watson. Saw Miss Nina 
al)out ten years ago. She is Mrs. De Vane now and it 
was a great pleasure to have her visit in our home 
twice, some sixteen or seventeen years ago. 

For the next three years dear Mrs. Bullard was my 
matron at the Home of Peace. How I wish I could 
see her again and hear her talk so interestingly. We 
used to love for Dr. Jacobs to come and talk over his 
plans with us for the future welfare of the Orphanage 
— that was a subject always on his heart. 

I remember one evening specially while we were 


Thornwell Orphanage 

gathered in the parlor, Miss Carrie played and sang that 
sad, sweet song: 

"Where is now the merry party, 
I remember long ago. 
They have all dispersed and wandered, 
Far away, far away." etc. 

As well as I remember, Dr. liked that song among 
those not sacred, but his favorite songs were those 
beautiful old hymns we used to sing so often in our 
simple chapel services. It seems ages since that par- 
ticular "Merry Party." 

The last year I was there. Miss Louise Baldwin, 
then Miss Annie Blake were my matrons at the In- 
firmary, and I shall always remember with affection, 
these and all mv other matrons and substitutes. Am 
always so glad to get that little messenger from home, 
"Our Monthly" — would miss it very much if it did not 
come. Have been enjoying the alumni column so much. 

Guess I had better bring these scattering remarks to 
a close, hoping to be at the "Grand Rally" and wishing 
Dr. Lynn the best of success in his holy work. Wish- 
ing all of you many useful, happy years to come. 





IT is with great pleasure that we present the 
names of the Board of Visitors and Trustees 
as they came to be known. However this does 
not inckide the names of the Advisory Members 
who Hved outside the controlling Synods. 

These names suggest faith, faithfulness, 
loyalty and love. 

Local Board 

Rev. Wm. Plumer Jacobs 

S. L. West 

Wm. B. Bell 

Prof. Wm. States Lee 

Dr. Job. J. Boozer 

Elbert T. Copeland 

Nathaniel A. Green 

R. N. S. Young 

Rev. J. Y. Fair 

Rev. Z. L. Holmes 

S. D. Glenn 

J. W. Adair 

J. M. Little 

Mercer S. Bailey 

Geo. C. Young 

Wm. D. Watts 

R. R. Blakely 
Adolphus M. Copeland 
Samuel R. Todd 
Rev. N. J. Holmes 
Jonathan H. Owincs 
Rev. T. B. Craig 
Rev. D. a. Todd 
J. A. Bailey 
Richard H. McCary 
Dr. John W. Young 
Root. C. Davts 
Rev. R. p. Smith 
Rev. R. W. Milner 
Rev. E. O. Frierson 
Rev. a. M. Hassell 
W. Edgar Owens 


Thornwell Orphanage 

W. A. Shans, m. d. 
Prof. J. W. Kennedy 
Wm. J. Bailey 
W. Halley Young, M. D. 
Prof. A. E. Spencer 
Geo. p. Copeland 
PuTSEY S. Bailey 
J. Calvin Copeland 
R. L. Prather 
J. E. Pearson 

W. J. Henry 

Wm. B. Owens 

Geo. a. Copeland 

Rev. Thornwell Jacobs 

Rev. J. F. Jacobs 

Rev. F. D. Jones, D. D. 

C. M. Bailey 

J. T. Copeland 

W. H. Shands 

Wm. Plumer Jacobs 

Synod of South Carolina 

J. L. Harris 

Rev. John G. Law 

Rev. Saml. M. Smith, D. D. 

Rev. W. T. Matthews 

Rev. J. T. Thornwell, D. D. 

Capt. a. White 

Augustine Smythe 


Rev. J. E. Forgartie 

W. A. Nicholson 

Ex. -Gov. M. P. Ansel 

A. B. Morse 

John McSween, Sr. 

Rev. Alexander Sprunt, D.D. 

Rev. F. W. Gregg, D. D. 



Robt. E. Cooper 

Rev. H. a. Knox 

Rev. S. J. Cartledge 

Rev. Jos. T. Dendy 

Henry Buck 

Albert C. Todd 

Wilson Harris 

Chaney Stone 

W. P. Anderson 

Rev. W. H. Boggs 

John McSween, Jr. 

Synod of Georgia 

Rev. J. T. Plunkett, D. D. J. W. Wallace, Esq. 
Rev. E. H. Barnett, D. D. D. A. Beattie 
Rev. W. B. Jennings Rev. H. F. Hoyt 



Rev. M. C Britt 

Rev. L. S. Norris, D. D. 

T. VV. CosKERY, Esq. 

Judge Howell Cobb 


E. S. Wilson 

Rev. H. L. Harrel 

Rev. F. D. Thomas 

Rev. R. E. Telford 

John J. McKay 


John J, Eagan 

Jas. L. Fleming 

Rev. Richd. Orme Funn,D.D. 

Hon. Robert McMillan 

Rev. R. E. Douglas 

Rev. a. R. Holderby, D. D. 

Rev. R. a. Brown 

Rev. D. W. Brannen, D. D. 

Rev. J. G. Patton, D. D. 

Rev. J. W. Caldwell, D. D. 

Rev. B. R. Lacy, D. D. 

Rev. J. W. Stokes 

J. M. Hodges 

J. M. Patterson 

Synod of Florida 

Rev. B. L. Baker 

Rev. T. E. Smith 

Rev. L. H. Wilson 

Rev. W. W. Elwang 


Henry A. Blackburn 

Rev. Thos. P. Hay, D. D. 


Rev. C M. Gordon 

Rev. W. B. Y. Wilkie, D. D. 
Rev. Paul F. Brown 
Hon. T. M. Puleston 
Rev. L. Ross Lynn, D. D. 
Rev. Lynn R. Walker 
Rev. E. W. Way 
Mr. W.m. p. Chambers 
Rev. D. J. Blackwell 
Mr. S. E. Ives 




DR. JACOBS did not want the Orphanage 
to be simply a clearing house or a tem- 
porary place for children. He preferred to 
train and equip for life a few rather than simply 
touch many. So Thornwell has kept her sons 
and daughters, if they would remain, till High 
School was finished and many have even been 
put through College. 

Two annual reports have been lost from the 
files, but the count which we have been able to 

make shows 1,577. 

They may be found scattered in four con- 

Pupils in Thornwell Orphanage 

Flora Pitts Letha A. McCants 

Daniel T. Boozer Lula Darnall 

Ella Entrikcn R. C. Wilson 

Alfred Agnew Julia M, Fripp 

Fannie Agnew E. Nora Fripp 

Johnnie Agnew Mary Smith 

Annie Agnew Cleora Patton 



Minnie McKitrick 
Minnie Pitts 
Thomas J. Clatworthy 
Mary Clatworthy 
Sam P. Fulton 
Darby M. Fulton 
J. Frank Cripps 
Carrie H. Freer 
Laura E. Whaley 
Lucy A, Whaley 
Robert S. Craig 
Mallie Darnal 
Clelia R. Freer 
Ben H. Adams 
Alle H. Quarles 
Lizzie Witherspoon 
Hattie Williams 
Sula Sprucl 
Bcrdie S. Tygert 
John H. Brown 
Ellerbe Wallace 
Fannie Smith 
Alonzo McGee 
Chester Witherspoon 
Bessie Long 
Irene Wallace 
Mary Ellen Bowcn 
Allah Pollard 
John K. Witherspoon 
Willie T. Jennings 
F. Cornell Jennings 
Dent Brannen 
David Huntington 
Minnie Lee Huntington 

Qark Jennings 
Daisey Whaley 
Olando F. Ropp 
Wm. Roundtrce 
Alice Harris 
Bathsheba Harris 
John M. Harris 
Janie S. Cannon 
Annie B. Fields 
Effie Matthews 
Elmira J. Roundtrce 
Wm. A. King 
Maggie J. Crawford 
Wm. Henry Quigley 
Herbert Murphy 
Jennie Russell Hurley 
James G. MoflFctt 
Nattie N. Harris 
Sertilla Glenn 
Carrie Ursula Manson 
Swinton King 
Charlie Broughton 
Willie Hackett 
M. Gertrude Griffin 
Thomas E. Dean 
Fred Happoldt 
Hattie Foy 
Linna F. Glenn 
William Carpenter 
James Carpenter 
R. Hester Cannon 
Rosa Estelle Horn 
Tallula Lee 
Hattie A. Bishop 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Carrie E. Moore 
Lily Moore 
Carrie L. Hipp 
Henry L. Griffin 
Lizzie A. Blackburn 
Carl Q. Guderson 
Albert Elmore Taylor 
Mary N. Hellams 
Hervey D. Rantin 
Ona May Austin 
Mollie J. Manson 
Laura T. Philips 
Genetta Guest 
Minnie L. Guest 
Aimee B. Rantin 
Louise Baldwin 
Earnest M. Miller 
Georgia A. Malone 
J. Mc. Jennings 
A. Franklin Page 
Roberta M. Page 
William Page 
Jennie May Jane 
Jessie S. Todd 
Bessie M. Gibson 
Rosa Estelle Hipp 
Mary Dillard Shelton 
Wm. A. Caldwell 
John Wesley Carpenter 
Bessie Hackney 
Lalla D. Neal 
Anna Shute 
Edward A. Groves 
E. Lizzie McGaha 

Fannie C Perry 
Andrew Blume Milam 
Mamie Norris 
Pearl Norris 
Lizzie S. Norris 
John L. Mallard 
Mary Watkins 
Ida Bishop 
Jennie Bishop 
Maggie McGee 
Mattie Daisey Hipp 
Murdock Henry 
James Harvin 
Sara Harvin 
Martha W. Hellams 
Lidie Ferguson 
Addie Ferguson 
Berta Ferguson 
John Ferguson 
Oscar Caldwell Philips 
Henry Russell 
Herbert Russell 
Charles L. Milam 
Dawson Henery 
James Chalmers Perry 
Sally Dickey 
Benj. C. Glenn 
Nannie Cora Loven 
Fuller C. King 
Mary Carl McGowen 
Bettie Strain McGowen 
Lida Simmons 
Wallace Hudson 
Annie Harmon 



Eudora Evelyn Patton 
Ava Parnell Patton 
Bessie Fccbeck 
Aoline Price 
Maggie S. Holland 
Alice M. Cole 
Katie Cole 
John R. Todd 
Ebenczer Laurens Patton 
Alfred L. Miller 
Natt S. Corry 
Joseph J. Bailey 
Mark Groves 
Joseph Leonidas Curl 
James E. Loven 
Robert B. Loven 
Joseph B. Witherspoon 
Charlotte Dunn 
Maude Judson 
Kate Maury 
Mary Feebcck 
Elvira Dunn 
Ellison Simpson 
Arthur H. Davis 
Henry S. Aubinoe 
Carl H. Robie 
Sidney Johnson Kilgore 
Robert Lee Kilgore 
Clara Maury 
Harry O'Brien 
Bemice Simpson 
Ella Shelton 
Eleanor Chamblee 
Birdie Cason 

Maggie Watt 

Ida Wood 

Julia Wittman 

Lula Wittman 

Walter Chamblee 

Lucius Gartcll 

Kemble Bailey 

Ben. F. Norris 

Herbert Russell 

John Young 

Ra>'mond McGuire 

William Arthur Erskine 

Thomas Geo. Ashley O'Brien 

James Bennett Branch 

Marcus Albert Smith 

Virginia Ophelia Bailey 

Lena Rachel Kaiser 

Hugh Samuel Smith 

Celia Conn 

Mora Malley Conn 

Annie Peak Neece 

Mary Emma Glcen 

Jack William Holland 

Alice Kate Mattox 

Alice Maud Dunn 

Joseph A. Chandler 

Alma Lottie Bouknight 

Caroline Falconer Hart 

Lovick Pierce Kilgore 

Denham B. Hart 

Carrie Kilgore 

David Gregg Adams 

Ettsell Laurens Adams 

Lena Louise Moore 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Dora Wallace 
Sarah Cordelia Loughridge 
Elizabeth McLeod Reamy 
Alison Montray Fincher 
Pearl Helen Todd 
Myrtle Ellen Bowen 
Corrinne Rebecca Wathen 
Leonard Clyde Wood 
Charlie Goulding Leonardi 
Martin Luther Moore 
Agnes Ella Loughridge 
William Pierce Hipp 
Thomas Lee Adams 
Nanna Leonardi 
William Sinkler Moore 
Andrew Hasell 
Elizabeth May Wathan 
Harley Wathan 
Luther Frierson 
Sidney Brooks 
Wm. Thomas McCallum 
Charles Henry Allgood 
Edward Lovelace 
Lorabess Gurley Lovelace 
Janie Gertrude Satterwhite 
Gussie Varina Harper 
Mary Elizabeth Harper 
Nellie Benson 
Ida Gerdine Streckfuss 
Lucy Cecil Feebeck 
Harold Ames Thackston 
Earnest McGowen Galloway 
Harry John Brissenden 
Lillian Nelson 

Thomas Edgar Dunwoody 
Bascom Brissenden 
Jettie Gertrude Roberts 
Walter Ponder 
Warner Ponder 
Andrew Hazel 
James Thomas Wilson 
Ruth Harwell Pennington 
Lillian Ophelia Brissenden 
Charles Everett Dunwoody 
Eloise Linson 
Julia Linson 
Carrie Llliam Chapman 
Marjie Elizabeth Chapman 
Sallie Frank Clark 
William Poindexter 
Julia Belle Clark 
Robert Edwards Elliot 
Jefferson Ward Poindexter 
Robert Daniel Cole 
Mary Louise Fennel 
Sudie Estelle Harper 
Walter Norris Jones 
Amanda Meade Minter 
Earnest Lee Poindexter 
Bertha Olive Brissenden 
Mattie Eugene Dobbins 
Sallie Maude McNeil 
Kate Sherrod 
Lena Elizabeth Bouknight 
John Wm. Tyrrell 
Blanche Shands Duval 
Ella Dendy Fennel 
Alice Hodges 



Eula Harrison 
Mary Vermelle Langston 
Nettie Belle Sattcrwhite 
Corrie Antoinette Fcrrell 
Lottie Maude Dobins 
Eola Mac Downs 
Hedvig Johanna Anderson 
Anna Theresa Anderson 
Arthur Bruce McCallum 
Harmon Carson 
Sara Grace Morrison 
Cora Lee Mcintosh 
John Addison 
LiHian Bell 
Edward Glaeseker 
Janie Hamlin 
Luther Moore 
John Carl Anderson 
Richard Vaiden Bowman 
William Lamar Carson 
Ella Pearl Harper 
Dora Tutula Holland 
Charles Kirk 
Eunice Vivian Riddle 
Ella Bright Satterwhite 
William Harry Stembridpe 
Willie May Satterwhite 
Leslie Emerson Thomson 
Willie Grafton Addison 
Jean Walter Bailey 
Henry Grady Hamlin 
Rupert Dalrymple Mcintosh 
John Gardener 
Paul Garrison 

Bessie Leola Hodge 
Kate Cleveland Hodge 
Mary Elizabeth Moore 
Rebecca Annie Popwcll 
Clara Cora Bell 
Cassie Lee Oliver 
Lucile Francis Thackston 
Nannie Missouri Sherrod 
Tommie Lee Adams 
Wm. Earnest Mcintosh 
William Henry Fennell 
Georgia Augusta Brewer 
Josephine Banks 
Jessie Ettabell Brewer 
James Barber Lovelace 
Lucy White Hollingsworth 
Virginia Annie Green 
Eugene Earl Hamlin 
Archie Jackson Miller 
Lottie Albcrtine Tyrell 
Jose Perdie 
Susan Gordan Green 
Florence Gertrude Green 
Eva Miller 

Virginia Anda Chalmers 
Herbert Brooks 
Sidney Albert Brooks 
Edna King 

Allene Frances Langston 
Virginia Addison 
Howard Hodge 
Lila Elizabeth Jacks 
Nannie Allen Jacks 
Esther Connelly 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Walter Connelly 
Estella Mosely 
Grace Chalmers 
Willie Mack Langston 
Sallie May Moore 
Allie C. Moore 
Raymond Fremont King 
Edward Henderson 
Alvin Bell Henderson 
Frank Poindexter 
Henry Grier Stanford 
Frank Dobbs Streckfuss 
Sam Otis Tillet 
Myrtle Kennedy Oliver 
Willis Waddel 
Tommie Edwin Hamlin 
Donald Smith 
Harold Ames Thackston 
Rosa Margaret Word 
James Mcintosh Lea 
Corrie Belle Murphy 
Bruno Max Schlotter 
May Bell Verderey 
Charles E. Verderey 
James Jackson Harper 
Conner Nelson 
Lois Martha Sims 
Morgan Looney 
Mattie Julia Downs 
Margaret Sunie Murphy 
Pluss Walter Riddle 
Robert Coles Thackston 
Robert Gracy Murphy 
William Leah Martin 

Bennet Earl Edmunds 
Elmo Canada 
Willie Latham 
May Annie Sorgee 
Belle Carrie Weatherby 
Lee Minnie Morgan 
Lavinia Julia Flanagan 
Henry Thomas Moore. 
Wade Hampton Wetherly 
Mack Wetherly 
May Olive Tinsley 
Palmer Julian Thackston 
Leonard Mary Latham 
Mabel Ricksney Flanagan 
John Palmer Morgan 
Essie May Sums 
James Fred Meyer 
Estis Buckner 
Vashti Carter 
Wilson Harris 
Marie Moore 
Agnes Brown 
Ruth Belle 
Herbert Bradley 
Macie Mattie Stanford 
Sadie Powell Hall 
Gladys Anna Magruder 
Douglas Gilmer Brown 
Lula Wingor 
Hugh McLean Buckner 
Lottie AJlcne Wood 
Amy Shocklcy 
Lource Rebecca Williams 
Nellie Bradley 



Ella Alberta Riddle 

Clara May Carter 

Iverson Harris Hall 

Judson William Brown 

Charles Fritz Meyer 

Helen Dews Magruder 

Lizzie Pcarilne Holcombe 

Sula Holcombe 

Mary Ellen Wilson 

Sallie Jane Wilson 

Mertie Wingor 

Geo. Washington Meyer 

Hope Good 

Hugh Calvin Smith Carter 

Bessie White Stanford 

Kate Katherine Langston 

David Bump Bradley 

Daisey Andrew Eichelberger 

Earle Elizabeth Kearn 

Allan Francis Lide 

Eula May Winn 

Sarah Baum 

Warner Roscoe Hayes 

Fairfax Lapsley 

Susan Bryant Leake 

Clara May Snyder 

Katie Elmira Tierce 

Margaret Elizabeth Durant 

Mary Louise Kern 

Ra>Tnond Earle King 

Marion Stutts 

Catherine Weber 

John Henry Winn 

Harold Brewster Brennecke 

Silas Stutts 
Nellie Eichelberger 
Mary Lewis 
Jerry Glenn Burgess 
Delia Bearden Leake 
William Albert Lytle 
Katherine Louis McLauren 
Charles Leland Winn 
Ina Olcna Kennedy 
Mary Emily McLauren 
Myrtle Elois Mullins 
Pauline Elizabeth Mullins 
Nellie Katherine Shaw 
Harry Weber 
Mary Langford 
Eugenia Calvo 
Halene Anna Garke 
Jennie Brown Leake 
Sue Elsie McCarley 
Mary Lester Richards 
Joseph Carvcll Carr 
Charles Edward Cox 
George M. H. Carteledge 
Marion Howe Calvo 
Robert Siler Durant 
Louise Durant 
Charles Arthur McCrea 
Thomas Mayes Rembert 
Lottie Tyrell 
Frank William White 
Alvin Carr 
Cora Lee Johnson 
Frances Jcnnette Milam 
Julius Robert Newton 


Thornwell Orphanage 

George Lucius Newton 
Minnie Lee Pearson 
Mary Patterson Pearson 
Elizabeth Mildred Rice 
Trigg Johnson Taylor 
Graham Caulfield Cox 
Lydia Durant 
Lucy Love 
Nora Love 
Edna Bishop Lyde 
Nellie Eliza Rice 
Thelma Baum 
Margaret Jane Barrett 
Elizabeth Barrett 
Harry Dikes Carter 
Nellie Holcombe 
Osca Lewis 
Willie Holcombe 
Charles Everett Rembert 
Mary Margaret Rembert 
Agnes Watson White 
Annie Marie Annaberg 
Annie Laura Hobbs 
Rhena Stowers 
James Demott Berry 
Sadie Margaret Lesley 
Mary Lester Richards 
Keffie Downing 
Mamie Lanier 
Emma Mcintosh 
Lilian Lanier 
Carlton Winn 
Edward Caldwell 
Eddie Foster 

Ida Hannah Hadden 
Anna Belle McCrary 
Cornelius Stowers 
Ida May Stowers 
Oggerritta Turner 
Ethel Brimm Downing 
Elizabeth Lesley 
John Nathan McCarlcy 
Annie May Whittington 
Nellie Foster 
Altman Middleton 
Ernest Leroy Stanford 
Ida Blanton 
Ada Irene Curry 
Mary Melinda Chapman 
Leo Davenport 
Ora Lee Dean 
Vera Dean 
Leroy Goings 
lone Lillian Gossett 
Jessie Thelma Kennedy 
Josie Agnes Love 
Cleone Amanda Love 
Ola Milam 

Clara May Patterson 
Jas. Edward Salters 
William Covert Salters 
Elizabeth Nina Winn 
Lucile Harris 
Brewster Harold 
Lillie Mae Countts 
Clarence Wcldon Harper 
Myrtle Inez Seymore 
Fannie Mason Brown 



George Flanagan 
George Frederick Grice 
Mildred Annie Brown 
Monroe Richard Coppage 
Lina Ernestine Fuller 
Sam Kern 

Laura Geraldi Lynch 
Elizabeth Calhoun LaPierre 
Vera Page Armstrong 
Enoch Boyles Mcintosh 
Julius Duncan Seymour 
Ada Taylor 
George Arthur Word 
Nellie Richards Williams 
George Harold Armstrong 
Irma Lorina Armstrong 
Ida Dora Blanton 
Mary Ellen Lynch 
Osca Maiden Kern 
Pat Lynch 
Kate Roslin Moore 
Algie William Taylor 
Thomas Calvin Weir 
Kate Bishop 
Stephen Oay Brown 
Neva Elizabeth Fuller 
Grace Ruby Seymour 
Parker Eason Brown 
Bartow Young Milam 
Wm. Anthony Middleton 
Hattie Gale Poteat 
Addie Louise Se>'mour 
Arthur Thaddeus Taylor 
May Tallon 

Susie Brown 
Horace Spencer 
Charles Eugene Layton 
Adele Martin 
Rosa Wingard 
William Roger Layton 
Anita Loretta Shannon 
Lina Ernestine Fuller 
Alton Harris Simmons 
Edward Miller Hawkins 
Edward Holland Holton 
John Thomas Turner 
Hattie Gertrude Walters 
Nettie May Walters 
John Cary Bowland 
Paul Randolph Curry 
Richard Edward Cordova 
John Quinton Holton 
Willie Crosley Walker 
Kenneth Campbell Chisholm 
Jno. D. Chisholm 
Joseph Cordova 
Emily Graves Holton 
Leroy Hamner Hawkins 
Viola Minerva Kimball 
Marion Leake 
Leona Poteat 
Lillou Gertrude Shannon 
Marjorie Shannon 
Julius Max Trapp 
Nettie Eva Trapp 
Fisher William Turner 
Winnie Etta Walters 
Lillian Goines 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Kate Lynch 

Harvey William Layton 
Harry Carson Layton 
Hazel Loryea 
Fannie Bertha Walters 
Irene Weir 
James Weir 
Olga Anneberg 
Katherine Jennings 
Georgia Marshall 
James Harold Flanagan 
James Alexander Grimsley 
Ruth Alberta Love 
Lester Frank Pursley 
Wilhelmina Gladys Grimsley 
Lottie Addison 
Blanche Viola Cole 
Alice Julia Gregory 
Amado Ramos 
Lillian Louise Shannon 
Bonnee Lee Dixon 
Margaret Fay Mc Cowan 
David Allen McAdams 
Albert Main Mischee 
Florence Estelle Quinn 
Eugene Edward Roddenbury 
William Ella Roddenbury 
Frank Adams 
Simpson James Adams 
Murray Franklin Addison 
Sara Henrietta Bryson 
Pearl Dixon 
William Kimbell 
Grace Inez McCown 

John Bothwell Quinn 
Lillian Beatrice Adams 
Lillian O'Neal Bryant 
Herbert Alexander Bryant 
Elizabeth Chisholm 
Gertrude Caroline Dean 
Ethel May Dixon 
Nettie May Kimbell 
Lillie May Mcintosh 
Otto Mischke 
Katherine McAdams 
James Mc Clary 
Charles Dargan McClary 
Martha Oglesby 
Fannie May Oglesby 
Lena Reid Shaw 
Walton Bunyan Sinclair 
Evelyn Inez Alexander 
Carrie Lou Grice 
Geneva Buchanan 
Whitcomb Brice Pratt 
Jennie Ruby Bently 
Irene Wallace Wilbum 
Lawthan McGee Austin 
Ida Kathlean Richards 
Lila Zipona Riddle 
QiflFord Heath 
John Wye li fife Jackson 
Carl Michke 
Clara Patterson 
Cora Richards 
Thurber Richey 
Susie Stilwcll 
George Rogers Abrams 



Pauline Louise Bradley 
Carrie Prince Bradley 
Bonnie Lee Dixon 
Upson Whitner Forbs 
Bessie Richards 
Maude Lorcna Smith 
Joseph Abrams 
Rosa Beatrice Gaffney 
Lee Bryant McCormick 
Mary Elizabeth Philyaw 
Calla Lily Smith 
Mary Frances Toland 
Brice Buchanan 
Sudie Irene Elders 
Hilda Estelle Heath 
Ethel Neelands 
Mary Neelands 
Hilbert Roddcnbury 
Lossie Eunice Neelands 
Rosa Belle Watts 
Lillian Irene Wright 
Mary Kathcrine Abrams 
David Harold Bradley 
Maggie Buchanan 
Gertrude Dean 
Joseph Walters Elders 
Annie Belle Elders 
Mary Emily McCormick 
Pearl Gertrude Philyaw 
Mattie Elizabeth Smith 
Laura May Wright 
Daniel Spencer 
Nellie Narcissa Buchanan 
Alexander Randolph Spencer 

Harry Hinklcy Thornton 

Margaret Louise Chisholm 

William Marcus Crawford 

William Hawthorne 

Annie Frazil Houser 

Mamie Catherine Crawford 

Lola Caroline Dugan 

Louis Ayer Dugan 

Alta Effie Douglas 

Joe Maynard Grier 

Laura Edna Hawthorne 

Clyde Franklin Mobley 

Emmie Louise Pierce 

Dorothea Schroeder 

Clyde Columbus Coleman 

Roxie Lee Douglas 

Allen Pearson Hogan 

Joseph Preston Le Suer 

Donald Dickinson Perry 

Mabel Phillips 

Charles Telford Reynolds 

Ellen Cody 

Jennie Delilah Crawford 

Byron Earle Hedstrom 

Annie Louise Hedstrom 

Pearle Mobley 

Willie Winslow McCoy 

Louie Pierce 

Walter William Richardson 

William Frederick Schroeder 

Ruth Re>'nolds Slappy 

Luther Stanley Carlisle 

Ethel Belle McCoy 

Mattie Eulalia Thomas 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Annie Sue Bryson 
John Calhoun Brown 
Ethel Louise Goines 
Mary Elizabeth McMurray 
Hugh Bradley 
Jesse Buchanan 
Thomas Allen Brown 
Maude Blanche Carlisle 
Robert Pierce Dugan 
Edna Daisy Elders 
Clarence Howard Elders 
Herbert Fuller 
Paul Julius Hogan 
John Wilbur Lindsay 
Robert Elwood Lindsey 
Maggie Louise McDowell 
Hal Miller 

Joseph Graham Miller 
Katie Louise Newton 
Eliza Puesa Pulem 
Nora May Porter 
Fred Edward Ransom 
Robert Groves Schroeder 
Ralph Sinclair 
Oscar Trapp 
Henry Ragin Thomas 
Hayne Williams 
Louise Brooks 
Ollie DeWitt Hunt 
Woodward Hollis 
William Thomas Kinnebrew 
Laura Dale Lindsay 
John Fletcher Pegfues 
George Akins Wilson 

Samson Dorris Beam 

Sallie Elizabeth Beam 

Iris Daniel 

Jessie Augusta Maxwell 

Mary Adeline Ponder 

Louis Arlington Roy 

Furman Leander Wilson 

Thelma Davis 

Irene Lockman 

Helen LeSuer 

Paul Hale Norris 

Leonard McQelland 

Lenhardt Turner 

Mittie Williams 

Mary Charlotte Davis 

Bryte Daniel 

J. D. Williams 

John Calvin Davis 

Charles Edward Norris 

Richard Roy 

Bryson Brown 

Atchinson Brooks 

James Crawford 

John Allen Dugan 

Garvin Daniel 

May Belle Kimbell 

Harrison King 

Frank King 

John Andrew King 

Theola King 

James Boyce Lindsay 

Marie O'Neal 

Charles Walker Wilson 

Janie May Weir 



Paul White 
Maggie Williams 
Mary Eugenia Nichols 
Edward Leon Maddox 
Beulah Nora Nichols 
Lillian Inez Nichols 
Sara Nunnclee Rucker 
William Patrick Baskins 
Leland Francie Dicker 
Ethel Ideal Owen 
Myrtle Clara Rogers 
Beauregard Aull Russell 
Lillis Russell 
Annie Frances Willard 
Gladys Lee Wood 
Ruby Chappell 
John Steele DuRant 
Winnie Katheryn Greene 
Willie Belle L>Tich 
Thomas Harry Mangum 
Walter Nichols 
Floyd Acey Plummer 
Ernestine Ragsdale 
Fannie Willard 
George Ray Callison 
La>'ton Harold Finley 
Arixona Marie Hughes 
Oara Elizabeth LeSuer 
Lucilc Elizabeth Lynch 
Margaret Virginia Nichols 
Leon Ragsdale 
Walter Lee Rucker 
George Rucker 
Fred Tolbert 

Qydc Brown 

Theodore Roosevelt Brown 

Fitzalan Chappell 

Jennie Daniel 

John Hicks Duncan 

John Marshall Finlay 

Allie Nisbet 

Lily Nisbet 

Edwina O'Neal 

Gladys May Ragsdale 

Edith Wall Rucker 

Jauanita Lleweclyn Rucker 

Lee May Simpson 

William Clarence Sistar 

Floyd Earl Woodson 

Alma Collins 

Annie Newton 

Allena Mabry 

Nina Ruth Field 

John Henry Wilson 

Joward Cress 

George Duncan 

Helen McKinney 

William Roy 

Ruth Callison 

Dudley Buffington 

Andrew Haas 

Elizabeth Mouzon 

Annie Mouzon 

Roy Carver 

Theodore Brennecke 

Como Brennecke 

John Ella Austin 

Floridc Edwards 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Robert Wilcox 
Victoria Willard 
Ossie Wilcox 
Ester Lee Bailey 
Frank Duncan 
Ella Belle Sign 
Clothidlde Bailey 
Annie Lou Buffington 
Susie Bowen 
Lucile Chitwood 
Henry Thomas 
Mattie Lawson 
John Mangum 
Marvin Wilcox 
William Billingsley 
George Ray Callison 
Barney Gardner 
Octavius Francis 
Mattie Norris 
Mattie Smith 
Ellen Llewellyn 
Dallas Caldwell Simpson 
Lita Simpson 
George Wilcox 
Eugene Bobbitt 
Charley Bobbitt 
Eva Lee Callison 
Marnorie Campbelle 
Thclma Dcndurent 
Sam Silas Knight 
Haul William Knight 
Eugene Franklin Lawson 
Louis Lawson 
Otis McMurray 

Julia May Sistar 

Ben Lee Stringer 

Alice Stringer 

Alice Brennecke 

Isabel Nannie Corley 

Clifford Stiles 

Andrew Govan Dantzler 

Benjamin Reed Austin 

Clifford Facey 

Anelle Brown 

Alethia Collins 

Rebecca Pickens Dantzler 

Carl Hudson 

Victoria Maret 

Eugene Stavro 

A. B. White 

Mae Yancey 

Roy Carver 

Annie Laurie McAdams 

Haskill Smart 

Warren Templeton 

Fannie Yancey 

Roy Barnwell 

Lonie Campbell 

Roxie Buchanan 

Clarence Carver 

Ruby Crockett 

Opal Crockett 

Virginia Griffin 

Edgerton Hammock 

Harvey Hudson 

Ruth Lybrand 

Dexter Dcwitt Sizcmore 

Warren Wilcox 



Lawson Brown 

Gilbert Baskin 

Victor Bobbitt 

Charles Brenell Bobbitt 

Fannie Davis 

Elarle Owen Dunlap 

Lonnie Lingle Dunlap 

Fate Fuller 

Jeff Fuller 

Ralph Lybrand 

Ralph Pollard 

Sara Templeton 

James Lee Templeton 

Jack White 

Jack Roy Williams 

Roy Billingsley 

Maggie Elizabeth Dugan 

Susie Qaudia Griffin 

Louise Hammock 

Cora May Hammock 

Marguerite Josephine White 

Rosa Wilson 

Edward Bobbitt 

Eugene Barnwell 

Albert Griffin 

Helen Davis 

Stella Deaton 

Nellie Lucile Chamblee 

James Scott 

Sarah Lucile Goodwin 

Robbie Nesbitt Grinnell 

Sarah Emily Melton 

Mary Loretta Pate 

Opal Chamblee 

Lelia Mary Mayfield 
Ollie Thoniwell Perry 
Rosa Eva Perry 
Dessie Padgett 
James Melvin Postell 
Emma Christine Brown 
Bertie Blanche Broom 
Stacy Earnest Davis 
Elarnest Grinnell 
Eagleton Hammcok 
Nancy Perry 
Nancy Scott 
Thomas Woodward 
Victor Atkins 
Oara Bell Bridges 
Hazel Louise Chamblee 
French Kilbourn 
Alton Grinnell 
William Garnett Padgett 
Elgie Rhinehardt 
Robert Roland Russell 
Elizabeth Brown 
James Henderson Chamblee 
Irene Clark 
Lizzie May Melton 
Zenith Rhinehardt 
Eldgarton Woodard 
Jessie Columbus Broom 
Ida Croft 
John Davis 
Loree Herbert 
Lizzie May Herbert 
Fairy Bell Herbert 
Ruby Kilbourn 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Peter Kilbourn 

Guy Stringer 

Charlotte Stringer 

Julian Russell Woodard 

Laura McConnell 

Clarence Eugene PiephoflF 

Louis Cossett LaMotte 

Mary Laurence 

Georgia Augusta Portsley 

Frank LaMotte 

Margaret Grace 

Edward Preston 

Vergie Rhinehardt 

Edna Daniell 

Joseph Boyd Hutson 

Charles Fred Laurence 

Bryte Daniel 

Arline Daniel 

Gordon Corley 

Victor Eugene Cox 

Margaret Elizabeth Crawford 

Clara Lena Mayfield 

Robert Landom Milam 

Robert Haywood Ruthven 

Otis Lee Rutliven 

James Allen Stamps 

Annie Bryan 

Henry Hughes 

William Milam 

Marian Russcl Milford 

Daniel Arc Patrick 

Phociaii Otis Spires 

Sara May Stamps 

James Luther Trammel 

Hazeline Washam 
William Eugene Watkins 
Brevard Brown 
Allene Bullard 
Ethel Busbee 
Alva Daniell 
Lula Trammel 
Annie May Campbell 
Oscar Cook 
Helen Ferguson 
Vera Ferguson 
Edgar Padgett 
Geta Ruthven 
Helen Shadix 
Isabella Hughes 
Jennie Lee Patrick 
John Patrick 
Pearl Chappell 
Bobbie Washam 
Winnifred Elaine Kelly 
Ethel McConnelb 
Elizabeth Jenifer Rucker 
Alma Jane Smithe 
Naomi Qaymon 
Dixie Gleen Ferrene 
Evelyn May Williams 
Robert Brown Bills 
Theodore Roosevelt Davis 
Charles William Klassett 
Frances O'Neal Stevens 
Greta Baughn Davis 
Harry Hasseltine 
Guy LcRoy Singleton 
Earl Haines 



Helen Paiinell 

Ida £. Croft 

Orell Albert Dunlap 

Watson Otto Fcrrene 

Thelma Inez Singleton 

Marion Russell Singleton 

Corinne Elsie Watson 

Bernice Nannie Davis 

Joseph Hames 

Jessie Lucile King 

Samuel Oates McCants 

Mildred Elizabeth Pannell 

John Alexander Connor 

Nellie McLure Davis 

Harvey Hall 

Ruby Love Hall 

Claude Davis 

Harry Hicks 

Plummer Hicks 

Robert McCants 

Ira McCartts 

Edith Patrick 

Charlotte Lottie Singleton 

Oscar Odell Watson 

Irene Goodwin 

Ethel Hames 

Alton Morse 

Mary Roland 

Thomas Atwell 

Henry Fleidner 

Dave Hodges 

Aughtry McNaul 

Pauline Willingham 

Austin William Bentcn 

Mary Brooks 

Elizabeth Fleidner 

Annie Hall 

Violet Hedgpcth 

Johnie Jcrnigan 

John Klassett 

Robert Kirkpatrick 

Frances Roland 

Ellen Tillotson 

Miflin Wyndham 

Henry Watson 

Adelaide Landrum 

Foster Moody 

Marjorie Mangum 

Virgil Slayton 

Scott Tarplee 

Rutledge Tillotson 

Lewis Compton 

Nell Fleidner 

Eupha Mae Hall 

Richard Jernigan 

Bernard Price 

Myrtice Steadman 

Sara Blanche Austin 

William Thomas Kelley 

Thomas Elihu Roland 

Milton Lawerance Tillotson 

Naomi Willingham 

Sadie Luther Yancey 

John Culpepper 

Vamey Slaton 

Vasco Garence Landrum 

Joseph Howard Stamps 

Evclyne Hunter Campbell 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Beatrice Ellen Campbell 
Robert Qark 
Author Allen Crockett 
Sara Margaret Hedgpeth 
Lesley Kelley 
Lillian Kelley 
Robert James Kelley 
John Procter Landrura 
Harwood Nelson 
Lamar Nelson 
Hazel Pauline Price 
Osborn Watson 
Woodrow Wilson Watson 
B. R. Austin 
Blanche Austin 
Frances Speer 
Harry Banks Warner 
Philip Jamieson 
James Holloman 
Clemmie Jamieson 
Grady Jones 
Ivia Waterman 
Jack Speer 
Laurence Miller 
Aviz O'Neal 
Marion Thomas 
Dora Thomas 
Grace Daniel 
Gladys Graham 
Robert Gregory 
Isham Harrelson 
Elizabeth Maddox 
Marion O'Neal 
Genevieve Williams 

Eugene Burgess 
Thomas Burgess 
Jennings Dennis 
Virginia Dennis 
Albert Griffin 
Phylis Hecht 
Dorothy Holleman 
George Hawkins 
Henrietta Jones 
Benjamin Morton 
Carrol Miller 
Wilma Burgess 
Delores Moulton 
Vernon O'Neal 
Mabel Ray 
Robert Waterman 
Barry Wimbish 
John Willingham 
Ruth Daniel 
Hardy Douglass 
Virginia Hecht 
James McGill 
Fred Dennis 
Felicia Erwin 
Franklin Griffin 
Greer George 
Gertrude Kennedy 
Cornelia Gregory 
Ola Kennedy 
John Proctor Landrum 
Ottie Mae McGill 
Mattie Nell Smith 
Freddie Smith 



Edith Taylor 
Fred Willbanks 
Cola Mac Douglass 
Houston Erwin 
Marie Gregory 
William Griffin 
Evelyn Harrelson 
Carl HoUoman 
Ruby Howard 
Mclnotte Hudson 
Furman Jordan 
Jessie Jordan 
Viola Jordan 
Anabel Kennedy 
Charley Kennedy 
Janie Kennedy 
Leroy Kennedy 
Ophelia Kennedy 
Mary Kennedy 
Leroy Maddox 
Watt Morton 
Olin McGill 
Raymond Sharp 
Willie Pet Willingham 
Rex Willbanks 
Harry Morton 
Elizabeth McKain 
Harlon McQuiston 
Barbara McCaskill 
Gladys McConnell 
Harry McQuiston 
Gladys McConnell 
Verdie Williams 

Nellie Bates 
Sara Faulkcnberry 
Lynn McQuiston 
Margaret McQuiston 
Margaret Henderson 
Thclma McCorkle 
Odcna McElroy 
Julia Bell McCaskill 
Lavcrne McQuiston 
Hattie Spivey 
Jennie Tarr 
Madeline Jordan 
Charlie Bell Reynolds 
Annie Mae Tarr 
Melba Barber 
Edward McCall 
Ruth McCorkle 
Winfield Bailey 
Herbert Barber 
DuRant Hazzard 
Claudia Mae Hammond 
Marion Maines 
Clyde Rampy 
Opal Aughtry 
William Carraway 
Ralph Gary 
Edward Emory 
Annie Fleming 
Mary Johnson 
Nancy Katherine Lawlor 
Lindsay Lawlor 
Thomas Major 
Tony McCaskill 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Woodrow McCorkle 
Felton Owings 
Lester Prather 
Ruth Rampey 
James Strickland 
James Taylor 
Ruth Tucker 
Charlie Mains 
Jeff Prather 
Inez Tucker 
Ruby Hill 
Margaret Land 
Marvin Land 
Tom Henry Major 
Edna Emory 
Norman Gregory 
Robena Johnson 
Julius Lewis Major 
Rena McNaul 
Daisy Lee Butler 
Jennings Futch 
Lila M. Futch 
Kathleen Garner 
Ethel Hawkins 
Ernestine Hedden 
Annie Laurie Bates 
Aaron Davis 
Jessie King 
Thelma Klassett 
Julia Major 
Will McDuffie 
William Stevens 
Evelyn Bobbitt 
Vera Butler 

Alvin Davis 
Emily Futch 
Lucile Heddon 
Margie Morgan 
Luther Wilhams 
Elsie Eller 
Queen Najor 
Macie Sherard 
Annie Lee Williams 
Floyd Wright 
Francis Bittick 
Paul Hilley 
Annie Lou Johnson 
Allen Johnson 
Louis Roberts 
Jim McDuffie 
Walter Williams 
Francis Butler 
Edith Hartselle 
Joe Hilley 
Corrie McKain 
Eleanor Miller 
Alma McDuffie 
Robbie Morgan 
Lavenia Prather 
Lucy Sherard 
Virginia Wright 
Hettie Williams 
John Williams 
Proctor Williams 
George Hart 
Rosetta Hart 
Ruth Hart 
Myrtle Watson 



Qaude Williams 
Qydc Williams 
Ara Brooks 
Charles Carroway 
Louise Frowein 
Frederick Frowein 
Houghston Frowein 
D. M. McNaull 
Frances Fleming 
Helen Hollingsworth 
Pitts Lcsenc 
Hammond Major 
Qaude Parrot 
Josephine Goodson 
Qaire Adams 
Edna Qyburn 
Lucile Dubberly 
Elizabeth Fleming 
Sallie Humphreys 
Collis Land 
Eugene Shcppard 
Alma Tanner 
Henry Gybum 
Marie Dubberly 
Lillian Ferguson 
Elma LeSene 
Joe Major 
Harriette McMahan 
Myra McMahan 
Marie McMahan 
Eugene McXaull 
Waldo Rampey 
Dorsie Smith 
Gladys Spivey 

Rena Abrams 
Doris Aughtrey 
Mary Becks 
Fred Gary 
Cynthia Donchoe 
Dora Bell Hammond 
Milton Harvey 
William Johnson 
Annie Jordan 
Pat Major 
Inamcll Owings 
Bishop Parrott 
George Schnabel 
Margaret Beeks 
William Campbell 
Burgess Carraway 
Alma Cashion 
Walter Denison 
John Humphreys 
Henry Johnson 
Matthew Gordan 
Robert Lesesne 
Jack McCaskill 
Alton Rampey 
Jennie B. Robertson 
Margaret Russell 
Molly Sealy 
Florence Smith 
Virginia Wright 
Kathleen Beeks 
Elizabeth Gary 
Margaret McConnell 
Emerson O'Rear 
Robert Spivey 


Thornwell Orphanage 

Violette Wheeler 
Frances Butler 
Lillian Ruth Barber 
Allan Guerard 
Florrie Jordan 
Elenor Miller 
Eugene O'Rear 
William Spivey 
Isaac Bittick 
Clarence Campbell 
Opal Fay Daniel 
Bessie Faulkenberry 
Edward Geurard 
Thelma Henderson 
Elizabeth McKinstry 
Allan Johnson 
Herman Sealey 
Lois Spivey 
Grace Spivey 
Ryland Taylor 
Helen Guerard 
Mary Johnson 
James McKinley 
Earl O'Rear 
Raymond Taylor 
Clara Henry 
Jaunita Henry 
William Henry 
Anna Henry 
Ruth Cunningham 
Mary Cunningham 
Sara Cunningham 
Ruby Conrad 
Sara Cannon 

Edith Daniel 
Mary Ferguson 
Ernestine Ferguson 
G. K. Ferguson 
Janet Grice 
Wm. Grice 
Thelma Giles 
Jesse Giles 
Mary Jane Hall 
Myrticel Hughes 
Ethel Hughes 
Helen Moore 
Bertie MoMahan 
Eunice McMahan 
John McMahan 
Myrtle Moore 
Mary Rivers 
Mabel Rivers 
Helen Shelket 
Francis Taylor 
Irma Underwood 
Boyd Underwood 
Louise Watson 
Lester Watson 
Mary Williamson 
Walter Beaman 
James Beaman 
Glenn Beaman 
MiLiss Haydon Cook 
Frances Alma Cook 
Russell Patrick Cook 
Robert Dudley 
Thomas Dudley 
Bernard Gouch 



James Hocy 
Davis Lcbby 
Billie Link 
James Mayes 
Cahrles Mayes 
James McCormick 
Homer McCormick 
John Rook 
Joe Rose 
Robert Rose 
Curt Schnabel 
Joseph Tricquette 
James Jordan 
Otto Wainwright 
Ion Wainwright 
Avis Wainwright 
Mack Wright 
Harold Wright 
Josie Smith 
Rupert Smith 
Comeh'us Smith 
Robert Hilley 
Dorothy Cox 
Billy Cox 
Lucile Sutherland 
Calvin McMulan 
Louise McMulan 
Gladys Davis 
Edna Davis 
Sumter Crawford 
John McMahan 
Sadie Atkinson 
Henry Graham 
Lonnie Briggs 

Lawrence Briggs 
Robert Miller 
Roberta Mills 
Richard Davis 
Ruby Davis 
Jack Davis 
Martha Terrell 
James Terrell 
Frances Sale 
Bryant Baker 
Howard Baker 
Lewis Rogers 
Lou Abrams 
Charles Carroway 
Lester Prather 
Rhoda Bagwell 
Annie Bagwell 
Alice Bagwell 
Esteline Capps 
Margaret Capps 
Herbert Capps 
Harold Capps 
Goldie Cochran 
Mildred Cochran 
Marie Cochran 
Marion Cochran 
Francis Cochran 
Pasqual Cochran 
L')uise Roberts 
Roy Miller 
Sarah Youngblood 
Lojs Lord 
Louise Miller 
Total, 1,577 


JSC 362.73 L99 SBTA 

Thf Story of Thorn»el 1 omhaiima. *■« -It 

3 5197 00051451 6 

Mr 13 '43 

JfLl '50 




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